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Teen Privacy Online


Social Networking, Privacy Policies and Security Risks: How to protect your ... Limiting your social networking participation to a school group, as opposed to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teen Privacy Online

Teen Privacy Online
  • Social Networking, Privacy Policies and Security
    Risks How to protect your personal information

Brought to you by . . .
  • Intel and the International Association of
    Privacy Professionals proudly join in the
    celebration of Data Privacy Day 2008. We
    encourage all students to learn as much as
    possible about how to use the Internet and its
    many communication and ecommerce tools as safely
    as possible in ways that protect the privacy of
    your personal information.

Online Privacy for Teens
  • Online Privacy Why It is Important
  • Social Networking
  • You Cant Get Something for Nothing
  • Know the Basics Disclosure of Personal
    Information and Networking Behavior
  • It Isnt All About Common Sense
  • Think About Tomorrow When You Act Today
  • Privacy Policies and How to Read Them
  • Security Risks
  • Sources and Resources

Online Privacy Why Its Important
  • Teens and young adults among most knowledgeable
    and creative users of the Internet
  • Personal Information (PII)
  • Name, address, phone numbers, birth date, social
    security number, credit card numbers, photos,
    shopping history
  • Technology Increases Risk of Inadvertent Sharing

Data Privacy Day 2008
  • 28 January 2008
  • United States and 27 European countries
    celebrating Data Privacy Day
  • Raising awareness about data privacy, protection
    of personal information, and online safety

Privacy What Is it?
  • Privacy is the right or opportunity to decide who
    has access to your personal information and how
    that information should be used.
  • Knowledge is power.
  • When you go online, KNOW
  • Who has access to your personal information?
  • How will your information be used?
  • Is that okay with you?

Social Networking
Social Networking What Is It?
  • Facebook, MySpace, Friendster, and other social
    networking sites
  • Creating personal profiles
  • Interacting with other people online
  • You can interact with school friends, people from
    your city, people you work with, people from your
    region, people in a particular network, or
    people all over the world

Data Protection and Privacy in Social Networks
The Main Ideas
  • You usually cant get something for nothing
  • Know the Basics Disclosure of Personal
    Information and Networking Behavior
  • It isnt all about common sense
  • Think about tomorrow when you are acting today

You Cant Get Something for Nothing The Cost of
  • You can participate in many social networks for
    free. BUT . . .
  • you must provide personal information to
  • Who can benefit from that information?
  • How do they use your information?
  • How can you protect your privacy?

Who can benefit from your Personal Information?
  • Web Site Operators
  • Make money by advertising. The more users they
    attract, the bigger the audience, the more
    valuable the ad space, the greater the ad
  • Companies that want to sell you things
  • Want to advertise and sell you their products
  • Want to know about you and your brand loyalties,
    preferences and interests
  • May want to track and tell your friends about
    items you purchase as another form of advertising

Who Else Could Access your Personal Information?
  • Colleges
  • May want to know more about you than just your
    grades and test scores. Your profile may be a
    good resource.
  • Current and Future Employers
  • May want to know what kind of person you really
    are beyond your resume and interview.
  • Parents
  • Sexual predators and pedophiles

Know the Basics
  • Disclosure of Personal Information and Social
    Networking Behavior

Basic Guidelines for disclosure of personally
identifiable information
  • Be sparing with personal information. If you
    network socially, provide only that information
    you need to provide to network effectively.

Basic Guidelines for disclosure of personally
identifiable information
  • If you have a username, avoid including your
    actual name or birth date. Never share your
    password with anyone.
  • In a profile, generally speaking, do not provide
    your last name, your phone numbers, home address,
    date of birth, school or team name, or travel
    plans. Do not provide your social security
    number, family financial information, bank or
    credit card numbers.

Exceptions to basic guidelines
  • Birth Date You may be required to provide your
    birth date to sign up for a social network or
    other online service because federal law
    prohibits the collection of information from
    children under 13 years old.
  • Arrange your privacy settings so the birth date
    is not visible on your profile. If you want to
    display your birthday, show the day of the month
    but not your birth year.

Exceptions to basic guidelines
  • School Name Although you generally should not
    provide your school name online, some sites
    feature school-specific networks, and the name of
    the network will reveal your school online.
  • Limiting your social networking participation to
    a school group, as opposed to the world at large,
    may provide an extra degree of protection and
    privacy for you.

Back to the Basics
  • Use Privacy Settings!
  • Only share the information you are comfortable
  • Limit your audience.
  • Default settings usually allow sharing. Take
    affirmative steps to limit disclosure.

Adjusting privacy settings can be a multi-step
  • Access the Privacy Settings page on the social
    network of your choice and learn how to protect
    the privacy of your information.
  • Some sites offer you the ability to set different
    privacy settings for different parts of your
    profile page.

Privacy Settings are not Foolproof
  • Maintaining privacy requires diligence and
  • Learn about the privacy settings of each site you
    use. If you dont understand the options, contact
    the site and ask.
  • Regardless of the settings you use, privacy
    settings are not foolproof. You should always
    continue to be cautious about information about
    yourself you place online regardless of how
    restricted you believe your audience is.

Basics of On-line Social Networking Behavior
The Number One Rule
  • Unless you would be willing to attach something
    to a college application or resume, share it with
    your parents, your grandparents, current or
    future employers, dont post it. If you wouldnt
    put it on a poster and hang it on your locker or
    your dorm room door, dont post it.

Basics of Behavior (cont.) Blogging, Journals,
The Wall
  • When you journal or blog online, these entries
    are archived, or saved, and the content of these
    entries can be searched.
  • Some blogging sites offer you the ability to
    choose which subscribers can see what you have
    written, and some allow you to block any
    anonymous replies.
  • Think about why and how you are using your
    profile page. If you are blogging about your
    daily activities or your social life, be
    extremely cautious what personal information you
    provide about yourself and others in those

Basics of Behavior (cont.) Friends
  • Dont invite people to be your friends on-line if
    you do not know them in the real world.
  • If you must accept a friend that you do not
    know, do so cautiously, recognizing that often
    people are not who they claim to be.

Basics of Behavior (cont) Photos
  • Do not post images of yourself that you wouldnt
    want to share with grandparents, colleges, and
    future employers.
  • Dont post images of other people that they
    wouldnt post of themselves.
  • If possible, ask permission before posting an
    image of someone else on your site.
  • Always honor any individuals request to remove a
    specific photo of him or her from your page.

Basics of Behavior (cont.) Avoiding Risky
  • Sex -- Just dont talk about it on the Internet,
    particularly with people you do not know.
  • Never agree to meet someone in person that you
    met on the Internet.

Other Ways to Protect your Privacy
  • Use services with age and identity verification
  • Use services that allow you to report
    inappropriate content
  • Look for sites with privacy seals like TRUSTe and
    the Better Business Bureau

More Ways to Protect your Privacy
  • Talk with a parent, older sibling, or other adult
    you trust about your Internet use.
  • Educate your parents about technologies that are
    new to them.
  • Check out any safety tips provided by the site
    you are using. Use online resources to find
    additional safety and privacy information.
  • ALWAYS KNOW how your information is being used
    and stored by others.

Its not just common sense.
  • Dont get in a car with someone you dont know.
  • Dont open your door to a stranger.
  • But . . . Dont talk to strangers? Isnt that
    the whole point for some users?
  • Common sense only takes you so far. Some
    technological understanding is helpful.

  • If you put something on the Internet, it is
    difficult if not impossible to take it back.
  • Search engines and browsers cache websites,
    allowing photos, videos and text to be retrieved
    long after the website has been deleted.

Caching and Public Computers
  • Caching also raises issues you should be aware of
    when you use computers in public libraries or
    other public spaces.
  • Web browsers cache sites that you have visited.
  • Web browsers can also cache temporary internet
    files, cookies, info that you enter into websites
    and address bars as well as passwords.

Think About Tomorrow When You are Acting Today
  • Do you know how much money it costs to remove a
    tattoo? Hundreds or thousands of dollars,
    depending on the size and quality of the tattoo.
  • This doesnt mean you should never get a tattoo
    it just means you should be well aware of the
    costs and consequences associated with making
    such a decision, now and in the future, before
    you do it.
  • Social networking and blogging online are the
  • information and images can be extremely difficult
    if not impossible to take back. Even when you
    delete information from your profile or site,
    older versions are still accessible to others.

Think About Tomorrow (cont.)
  • Do not jeopardize the privacy of others.
  • Treat others the way you would want to be treated
  • Respect the privacy and personal information of
  • Dont identify others on your page in a way they
    would not identify themselves or post photos they
    would not post.

Privacy Policies
  • Many websites have privacy policies or
  • Main function to describe what personal
    information they will collect, whether they share
    it, how they will use it, and how they will
    secure it.

Privacy Policies should provide
Privacy Policies (cont.)
  • The language can be confusing.
  • Look for
  • Whether the site will sell or share your
    information with third parties
  • The chance to opt-out of practices you do not like

BUT . . . .
  • Always keep in mind that a policy is merely a
  • Because the policy is essentially the measure of
    your rights on the site in which you are
    participating, pay careful attention to the ways
    in which the policy limits the sites exposure
    and accountability.
  • Look for a web seal that lets you know the site
    takes its policy and your privacy seriously.

  • Find the privacy policy and read it.
  • But always continue to act cautiously online with
    your personal information regardless of a
    policys representations.

Security Risks
  • Passwords, File-Sharing, Spyware, Phishing and

Protecting your personal information Passwords
  • Keep your passwords in a secure place.
  • Do not share passwords.
  • Experts suggest the strongest passwords have at
    least 8 characters and include numbers and
    symbols as well as letters.
  • Do not use your personal information, your login
    name, or adjacent keys on the keyboard as
  • Change your password every 90 days or so.
  • Use a different password for every online account
    you access (or at least a good variety).

File-sharing software
  • Avoid down-loading file-sharing software.
  • If you use this software be extremely careful
    about the information you share in order to
    protect your personal information.
  • Read end user agreements, understand whether you
    are allowing spyware to be installed on your
    machine, and understand the risks of free

  • Spyware is a program that can be installed on
    your computer from a remote location to steal
    your personal or financial information or to
    monitor your online transactions to capture that
  • Install antispyware software to detect and remove
    these spyware programs.

  • A phishing scam is one designed to elicit your
    personal information (username, password, account
    information) on a fake website.
  • When you receive a suspicious email, do not click
    on a link provided and provide personal

Phishing Protection
  • When you receive a suspicious email, go to your
    browser, contact the company, and ask whether it
    is trying to reach you or if there is a problem
    with your account.
  • Use anti-phishing software.

Automatic Updates
  • As a final note, automatically updating your
    computer helps ensure that your computer is
    protected against the latest threats.

Sources and Resources
  • The foregoing information was drawn largely from
    information found in a number of articles and on
    websites concerned about online safety and data
    protection. These sources and resources will
    provide additional, helpful information for you
    if you are interested in learning more about any
    of the privacy issues discussed today.
  • Please visit www.privacyassociation.org for a
    full list of sources and resources, along with
    links to educational videos about data protection
    and online safety.

  • .

Creative Commons License
  • This work is licensed under the Creative Commons
    Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy
    of this license, visit http//creativecommons.org/
  • Or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second
    Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California,
    94105, USA.
  • Any use of these materials requires attribution
    to the IAPP and Intel.

Thank you!
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