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Sandro Botticelli Florence 14451510


Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452 - Cioux1519) ... Leonardo discovers the Atmospheric Effect ... Aim of Leonardo was to represent a pristine natural environment of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sandro Botticelli Florence 14451510

Sandro Botticelli (Florence 1445-1510)
  • The Ancient Myth La Primavera (1477-8)
  • A Humanist Venus, at the center of the
    composition, is the allegory of Goodness, Love as
    Culture and Civilization
  • Zephir on the right, blows, giving Clori, the
    Nymph, the gift of creating flowers
  • She is transformed in Flora, La Primavera, queen
    of flowers
  • On the left Mercury (Greek Hermes), recognized by
    his symbolic wand and his winged sandals
  • The three female figures are the Graces, who
    follow Venus. In Greek mythology, Spring was
    dedicated to them
  • Above flies Cupid, god of Love, shooting an arrow
    to one of the Graces
  • The setting is an idealized Nature, where flowers
    and fruits are present at the same time

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  • The composition is based on a central view of
    which Venus is the focal point
  • The groupings are at each side of her figure
  • The curving of the branches forms a green niche
    around the goddess
  • The lines of the composition depart from her
    figure, presented as the worlds most powerful
    force Love, Beauty and Virtue, fundamental
    Humanist values
  • Botticelli uses a masterly flow of lines. Lines,
    which envelops and veil the human body, are the
    instrument of the artists expression

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The Portrait
  • Benozzo Gozzoli (1420-97)
  • Il corteo dei Magi
  • Most refined example of political propaganda
  • The young Lorenzo is the protagonist
  • Lorenzo looks directly into the viewers eye
  • In the Renaissance perceptive code this is
    typical of the portrait it expresses the ego
    the will power and the strong personality

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Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452 - Cioux1519)
  • Artist and scientist, tended both to the
    understanding of reality and to the fantastic
    transformation of scientific observations
  • Passionate explorer of Nature, he studied the way
    light affects the environment, the human figure
    and the landscape
  • The Renaissance artist preferred to locate his
    figure within an architectural space. Leonardo
    discovers the Atmospheric Effect
  • It is an impalpable element, made of light, air,
    color, humidity that is evident in the natural,
    open space
  • Leonardo locates his figures in an open landscape
    or in front of open windows
  • Realizes the illusion of depth through the
    interplay of light and shade, and through a
    gradual chiaroscuro present at all planes of the

La Vergine delle Rocce
  • Realized for Ludovico il Moro (Milan)
  • The figures of Jesus, Mary and little Saint John
    are located in an unusual space a grotto
  • Aim of Leonardo was to represent a pristine
    natural environment of which the human figure
    would be an integral part
  • The architecture is formed by the rocks,
    stalactites and stalagmites, while on the ground
    a selection of carefully painted plants (that
    Leonardo had included in his botanical studies)
  • The composition forms an ideal pyramid with its
    peak above the Madonnas head
  • The chiaroscuro informs the entire composition
    the Sfumato
  • It consists of a plastic relief of the bodies
    that he obtains, delicately, by eliminating the
    hard contours, and by diffusing the form in the

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  • The ideal of beauty for Leonardo is not the vivid
    light that sculpts the forms, but the softness of
    shade, the diffusing effect that caresses and
    veils them
  • The message does not have a religious content
  • He does not tell a religious story to educate
  • He expresses his artistic vision of the world, in
    which, man, nature, sacred and mundane are one
  • In the natural environment plants and Nature
    emerge from the shadows, feebly illuminated by a
    soft light
  • The rocks dissolve in the background in the pure
    lightness of the air
  • The rocky space is irregular, an antithesis to
    the clear and regular spaces of the Quattrocento

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