Transitions to Democracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Transitions to Democracy PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 240b69-YjI2M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Transitions to Democracy

Description:

some newly independent countries trying liberal democracy ... Albania. The three waves of democratization. 1rst wave: 1870-1910. 2nd wave: interwar period ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:110
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: stevenbw
Learn more at: http://www.ucs.mun.ca
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Transitions to Democracy


1
Transitions to Democracy
2
The world circa 1960
B
  • 20-25 stable liberal democracies,
  • some newly independent countries trying liberal
    democracy
  • 80-90 countries either under or tending toward
    some form authoritarianism

3
located primarily in
  • Western Europe,
  • North America,
  • the white commonwealth
  • Australian
  • New Zealand
  • Canada

4
Latin America
  • alternated between shaky polyarchies and military
    government, e.g.
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Peru
  • Mexico
  • Paraguay..

5
Communist party-state systems
  • USSR
  • Poland
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Hungary
  • Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • Yugoslavia
  • Peoples Republic of China
  • North Korea
  • North Viet Nam
  • Albania

6
The three waves of democratization
  • 1rst wave 1870-1910
  • 2nd wave
  • interwar period
  • followed by a reverse wave
  • post world war II re-democratization of
  • Italy
  • West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)
  • Japan
  • 3rd wave -- from 1970 to present?

7
1970s
  • Greece (military dictatorship, 1967-74)
  • Portugal 1974
  • end of Salazar-Caeteno regime (from 1931)
  • Spain (1975)
  • end of Franco regime (from 1939)

8
1980s
  • collapse of military regimes in Latin America
  • Argentina, 1982
  • Brazil (opening 1977-85)
  • Uruguay
  • Paraguay
  • Bolivia...

9
1989and beyond
  • fall of Berlin Wall
  • collapse of satellite Communist regimes in east
    central Europe
  • break-up of the Soviet Union
  • Chile
  • Republic of South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Taiwan

10
Transitional vs. consolidated democracies
  • Transitional democracies -- newly launched or
    re-democratized liberal democracies
  • Consolidated democracies
  • no significant challenges to regime
  • the only game in town
  • Some questions
  • How do we know a regime is consolidated?
  • How do regimes become consolidated?

11
Categories, scales, classificatory schemes
  • levels of measurement
  • classifying democracies
  • liberal democracy v. non-democracy..
  • More democratic v. less democratic
  • more stable v. less stable
  • degrees of consolidation more consolidated v.
    less consolidated

12
Levels of measurement
  • nominal (discrete categories)
  • ordinal (a scale positions on it are either
    more or less, higher or lower
  • interval (a scale on which positions reflect
    measured differencesb

13
What do we expect to find in a democracy?
  • Inclusiveness
  • all or almost all of the adult population
    entitled to vote
  • Elections
  • free and fair elections -- elections with choice
  • competition

14
Countries and where they fit
15
Dimensions of liberal democracy
16
Mexico before 2000
  • constitution
  • some restrictions on political rights
  • some competition
  • elections, but not entirely free and fair
    elections
  • dominance of the PRI (Party of Institutional
    Revolution)

17
Nigeria
  • First Republic parliamentary system, 1961-1966
  • civil war blocking Biafran secession, 1966-1969
  • military rule
  • General Gowan, 1969-1975General
  • Obasanjo, 1975/6-1979
  • Second Republic presidential system from
    1979-1983
  • Military governments from 1983-1993
  • General Babangida
  • General Abacha
  • Redemocratization in 1993 under Obasanjo
About PowerShow.com