Seizing the Opportunities of ICT for Development Creating Enabling Policies By Prof. G. O. Ajayi* Director General/CEO National Information Technology Development Agency Nigeria 25th March 2002 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Seizing the Opportunities of ICT for Development Creating Enabling Policies By Prof. G. O. Ajayi* Director General/CEO National Information Technology Development Agency Nigeria 25th March 2002

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Title: Seizing the Opportunities of ICT for Development Creating Enabling Policies By Prof. G. O. Ajayi* Director General/CEO National Information Technology Development Agency Nigeria 25th March 2002


1
Seizing the Opportunities of ICT for
DevelopmentCreating Enabling PoliciesByProf.
G. O. AjayiDirector General/CEONational
Information Technology Development
AgencyNigeria25th March 2002
On leave from Obafemi Awolowo University
Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
2
The Changing Balance of Power
3
The Changing Balance of Power (contd)
4
In 1999, there were 153.3 million people online
5
Has 12 of World population, but 2 of Worlds
main telephone lines.
  • Africa has the lowest growth in teledensity of
    any developing region in the world.

Average level of income is the lowest, but the
cost of installing telephone line is the highest.
Recent Statistics has it that there are about 3
million Internet users in Africa with only 1
million outside South Africa.
Highest profit per telephone line and long
waiting a period for telephone lines.
Internet connectivity is 0.3 of the world-wide
connectivity.
6
State of ICT in Nigeria
  • Telephone Lines
  • Fixed Lines 750, 000 with only about 450,000
    lines operational.
  • Mobile Lines Less than 30,000 subscribers before
    the introduction of GSM in Aug. 2001. Presently
    there are about 350,000 mobile subscribers in the
    country.
  • Plans are on-line for a 2nd National Operator.
    Guidelines and Processes has started
  • NITEL, the incumbent National Telecoms Operator
    has been privatized with government relinquishing
    51 of its holdings to the New Private Partner
  • Installation of an optical fibre network along
    the national power grid will soon take off
  • Large number of VSAT operations for Internet
    Services by both the public and the private
    sector.

7
Recent efforts made by the Government towards
ICT Development in Nigeria.
  • Launched the National telecommunications Policy
    in Sept. 2000.
  • Developed a Comprehensive Science and Technology
    Policy (2001).
  • Declaration of Biotechnology and ICT as National
    Priority Projects (2001)
  • National Policy on Biotechnology developed and
    Launched (2001)
  • National Policy on Information Technology
    developed and Launched (2001)
  • Establishment of National Information Technology
    Development Agency (NITDA).
  • National Space Research and Development Agency
    (NARSDA) launched a program for the Nigerian
    Satellite System.

8
Need for anInformation Technology Policy
  • The Federal government has recognized the
    importance of IT as a major key to economic
    growth and sustainability.
  • That culminated in a Workshop on the IT Policy in
    Abuja in March, 2000.
  • The workshop brought together major IT
    stakeholders like
  • COAN, IT Association of Nigeria, CPN, all major
    stake holders in the Public and the Private
    sector.
  • With the collaboration of several committees the
    IT Policy was produced and was approved by the
    Federal Executive Council in March, 2001.
  • NITDA is the implementation body of the IT policy.

9
Nigerian National IT Policy
  • The Vision
  • To make Nigeria an IT capable country in Africa
    and a key player in the Information Society by
    the year 2005, using IT as the engine for
    sustainable development and global
    competitiveness.
  • The Mission is to Use IT for
  • Education
  • Creation of Wealth
  • Poverty Eradication
  • Job Creation
  • Global Competitiveness

10
IT PolicyStrategies for National Development
Institutional Capacity Building
Human Resource Capacity Building
Infrastructure Capacity Building
11
In order to seize the Opportunities of ICT for
Development, The IT policy has the following
sectoral applications
  • Human Resource Development.
  • Development of IT infrastructure.
  • Transformation of Governance
  • Research and Development
  • IT based Healthcare systems
  • Re-engineering of Agriculture
  • Urban and Rural Development
  • Trade and Commerce
  • Fiscal Measures, etc.

12
Infrastructure Development
  • The government through the NITDA shall establish
    the National Information Infrastructure (NII)
    Backbone as the gateway to the Global Information
    Infrastructure (GII) interconnecting.
  • This Backbone will interconnect the state and the
    Local Information Infrastructure.

13
The Nature of theNational Information
Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
State Information Infrastructure Backbone (SIIB)
14
IT Policy Strategies towardsInfrastructural
Capacity Development
  • Declaring the establishment of National
    Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB) as a
    fundamental national mission
  • Planning, designing and configuring a scalable
    (NIIB) to achieve a minimum capacity of 2.5Gbps,
    using combination of optical fibres, satellite
    communications and wireless technology
  • Involving through consultations, the IT
    Professionals, Experts, Universities and Research
    Centres, industries and business enterprises in
    the establishment processes
  • Promoting high bandwidth physical connectivity
    using broadband technologies as effective
    pipelines for large and multi-media applications.

15
IT Policy and Human Resource Development.
Human Resource
  • HRD shall involve the re-engineering of the
    educational structure with IT components at all
    levels.
  • This will also involve the re-training of
    unemployed graduates and school leavers.
  • Establishing study grants and scholarships to
    deserving Nigerians.
  • Facilitate the growth of the private and the
    public sector dedicated primary and tertiary IT
    educational institutions.
  • This programme is intended to produce about half
    a million IT professionals within 3 years of
    implementation.

16
The Training Initiative will involve...
17
The Institutional Initiatives seeks to.
18
Strategies towardsInstitutional Capacity
Development
  • Empowering IT institutions and development
    centres to develop IT capacities initially at
    zonal, state and local levels
  • Facilitating the growth of private and public
    sector dedicated primary, secondary and tertiary
    IT educational institutions
  • To establish joint Government/Private sector
    institutional framework for developing Advisory
    Standards and quality control
  • Restructuring the educational system at all
    levels with a view to developing relevant IT
    curricula for the primary, secondary and tertiary
    institutions that should respond effectively to
    the challenges of the information age
  • Allocation of IT development fund to education.

19
Other Sectors in need for ICT Development
Opportunities
  • Re-engineering of Agriculture
  • Delivery of Health care
  • Transformation of Governance
  • Urban and Rural Development
  • Trade and Commerce
  • Fiscal Measures, etc

20
Agriculture
  • Nigeria can use IT to re-engineer agriculture for
    the purpose of
  • Maximizing food production
  • Improving food self-sufficiency and security
  • Increasing output for industrial raw materials
    utilization.
  • Providing employment etc.
  • Employing IT in the re-engineering of the
    agricultural sector include
  • Food Security
  • Introduction of technologies like biotechnology
    and genetic engineering
  • Aid in environmental monitoring and natural
    resource assessment.
  • Agro vision which involve the use of metrological
    information with agro-based statistical data to
    predict the best conditions for exploiting our
    rich agricultural potential.

21
Input of IT toTrade and Commerce
  • Electronic Commerce
  • E-business
  • E-financing
  • E-banking

Old type of Trade and Commerce
Information Technology
  • Benefits of E-commerce
  • On-line shopping
  • Marketing on the Web
  • On-line Advertising
  • Global Market Place

22
How IT will revolutionizeArts, Culture and
Tourism
  • This sector will be developed through NITDA using
    the following strategies
  • Establishing more schools for the development of
    multimedia technology.
  • Providing Internet connectivity to major tourist
    areas with links to all popular search engines.
  • Creating Websites to Project Nigerian Culture
  • Providing facilities to sell Nigerian arts and
    cultural goods on the Internet
  • Developing multi-media virtual gallery
  • Developing low cost broadcast, video and film
    industry

23
Immediate Projects
  • Infrastructure
  • Human Capacity Development
  • Mobile Internet Units
  • Tele-centres
  • E-Governance
  • E-Commerce

24
Proven ICT Benefits For Development(United
Nations April 2000)
  • ICT has been extremely beneficial to those
    nations that have used it with determination and
    enthusiasm
  • e.g. Malaysia, Singapore, India, Costa Rica, and
    Brazil
  • The positive impacts demonstrated by IT in these
    countries.
  • Increased wealth through export of software,
    Hardware and IT expertise.
  • Provide rural communities with convenient online
    access to full range of Government services.
  • Computerized Voting Systems has removed the
    possibility of fraud in elections bring about
    political and economic stability.
  • Promotes transparency in public sector
    administration.
  • Improves the delivery of health care services
    through the application of tele-medicine.
  • IT is a good Vehicle for employment generation.
  • IT carves out market niches for isolated
    communities.

25
Conclusion
  • Development in ICTs will eventually be the
    solution to underdevelopment, unemployment and
    higher earning for many in Africa
  • Nigeria as a nation started late in information
    technology. But with the establishment of NITDA
    for the development and regulation of the
    industry, the nation is determined to leapfrog to
    become a major player in the global information
    society.
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