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South Africa under Apartheid

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South Africa under Apartheid. In 1652 the Dutch came to settle in South Africa. ... Nelson Mandela became the new president of South Africa. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South Africa under Apartheid


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South Africa under Apartheid
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In 1652 the Dutch came to settle in South Africa.
They believed the land was theirs. They
defeated many Africans and forced them to work as
servants and slaves.
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In 1806, Great Britain captured the colony from
the Dutch. When diamonds and gold were
discovered, the British forced blacks off the
mineral-rich land. In 1948 the racist Nationalist
Party was elected to power.
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The government established an official policy
called apartheid. The South African government
tried to completely separate the small number of
whites from the black majority.
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In 1958, the government separated black people
from white people by making blacks live on
reserves, or homelands. Several blacks also lived
in shanty towns overcrowded towns full of
poorly built shacks on the edges of cities.
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Most black men had to leave their homeland to
find work in mines or factories. Women raised
whatever crops they could.
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The shanty towns became centers for black groups
who resisted the white government. Thousands
resisted apartheid by refusing to work, refusing
to buy white products, going into white only
areas, and marching in nonviolent demonstrations.
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In 1986, the white South African government tried
to destroy those who resisted apartheid. Still,
blacks increased their actions against the
government. In 1994, the government agreed to an
open elections. The African National Congress,
the largest anti-apartheid party, won. Nelson
Mandela became the new president of South Africa.
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