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American Art

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Mary Cassatt was one of the most famous Gilded Age painters. She was influenced by artists such as Degas and other Impressionists ... Most famous for his portraits ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Art


1
American Art
  • Colonial America Early 1900s
  • Rachel Linhart, Ashley Porter, Jenny Sherman,
    Lillian Zabel

2
Colonial Era 1600-1800
  • In the beginning focus was on navigation and
    exploration.
  • Jamestown, 1607
  • English trying to catch up with Spain and France.
    Was known as the first English success.
  • John Smith
  • Plymouth, 1620
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Mass Bay, 1630
  • The Enlightenment, 1695
  • The Great Awakening, 1739
  • George Washington
  • 1st Congress
  • Bill of Rights

3
Jeremiah Theus, Mrs. Thomas Lynch,1755, Oil
  • Portrait painting
  • Dressed in upper class gown, with pined flower.
  • Swiss immigrant made a thriving thirty-year
    career as a portrait painter in cosmopolitan
    Charleston, South Carolina. 

4
Joseph Blackburn, Elizabeth Browne Rogers, 1761,
Oil on canvas, 50 x 40"
  • The artist's treatment of fabric was an
    improvement over earlier painters.
  • The sitter, Elizabeth Browne, was the daughter of
    the Anglican rector of Portsmouth, New
    Hampshire. 
  • She appears in a pose and dress typical of
    fashionable English mezzotints or engravings of
    the period. 
  • Most likely painted on the occasion of her
    marriage.

5
John Singleton Copley, John Spooner,1763 Oil on
canvas
  • The rise of the Americana movement after World
    War I secured Copley's reputation as the premier
    colonial portrait painter
  • Traditional Portrait for 1763

6
Charles Willson Peale, Mr. and Mrs. Alexander
Robinson, 1795, Oil
  • As the paterfamilias of the most important family
    of painters in American history, Peale guaranteed
    his reputation through his progeny as well as in
    his contributions to the natural sciences and the
    founding of the first public museum in the United
    States. 
  • The sitters are the artist's daughter and her
    husband. 

7
Jacksonian Era 1800-1875
  • At the beginning of this era the nation was only
    25 years old
  • Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-06) they went
    to learn about natural life, map the area
    negotiate with native Americans, and find a North
    West Passage.
  • The war of 1812 happened during this era
  • Market Revolution (1815-40)
  • Second Great Awakening (1825-40)
  • Trail of Tears (1832-38)
  • Move to the Civil War tension growing between
    North and South

8
Romantic Landscape and Hudson River School
  • Hudson River school- a group of landscape
    painters of the Hudson River Valley
  • Sublime Tradition- the wild landscapes, seeking
    to show the vastness of nature and to be awed by
    its beauty. To make humans feel small when
    confronted with the powerful landscape.
  • Lyrical Tradition- more domestic landscapes

9
Thomas Doughty, In Natures Wonderland, 1835, oil
  • Example of the sublime tradition
  • A small person in this vast and beautiful
    landscape.
  • Doughty was born in Philadelphia, a self-taught
    artist, and one of the earliest American career
    Landscape artists.

10
John Frederick Kensett, Niagara Falls, 1855, oil
  • Example of Luminism, a style of art indigenous to
    America where landscapes were rendered through
    saturated light
  • Kensett started as an engraver, then he worked 8
    years in Europe which influenced his style.
    Kensett paints thinly with a muted palette.

11
Frederic E. Church, Cotopax, 1862, oil
  • Example of Epic Landscape, a movement that
    expanded the sublime tradition to include the
    idea of Manifest Destiny.
  • Church was one of the most successful painters in
    American history, the new world was a great place
    for him to paint scenic art

12
George Inness, Coming Storm, 1878, oil
  • New Landscape Style was not just vast expanses of
    wilderness, but instead showed settle and
    cultivated landscapes
  • See how the farms are nestled in the landscape,
    the smoke from the chimneys mixing with the
    clouds

13
William Sidney Mount, Farmers, 1836, oil
  • Genre Painting, shows everyday life of average
    working class.
  • Genre became popular because of publication and
    illustrations in magazines.

14
George Catlin, Buffalo Chase with bows and
lances, 1832-1833, oil
  • Paintings from the west, show not only the
    terrain and landscape, but also the Indian life
  • George Catlin painted mostly Indian portraits and
    showed the native American culture

15
Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware,
1851, oil
  • Historical paintings
  • During the Jacksonian era historical paintings
    had strong government support
  • Leutze style was a more contemporary kind of
    historical painting, which strove to show
    individual points in history that had national
    significance

16
The Gilded Age 1878 -1889
  • This period was marked by a growth in industry
    and natural resources
  • A higher demand for transportation arose, hence
    the construction of railroads
  • The name Gilded Age came about because of the
    prosperity of many business men during the time
    such as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller

17
Mary Cassatt
  • Mary Cassatt was one of the most famous Gilded
    Age painters
  • She was influenced by artists such as Degas and
    other Impressionists
  • Her subject matters leaned towards domestic genre
    scenes
  • More intimate, sweet, gentle looking figures
  • Emphasis on the form of figures, incorporation of
    colors, shades, highlights, and compositional
    arrangements

18
La Toilette, oil on canvas, 1891Portrait of a
Little Girl, oil on canvas, 1878
19
John Singer Sargent
  • Another Gilded Age painter living from 1856 -1925
  • Most famous for his portraits
  • He was also influenced by the Impressionist
    movement particularly artists such as Velasquez
    and Frans Hals
  • Sargent also depicted every day scenes in his
    paintings, however, he seemed to have a greater
    focus on the upper class
  • His portraits were characteristic of the wealth
    of the Gilded Age

20
Daughters of Edward D. Boit, oil on canvas, 1882
Madame X, oil on canvas, 1884
21
Winslow Homer
  • Watercolor artists who depicted outdoor scenes of
    people at work, landscapes, etc.
  • He had more masculine scenes and figures
  • He created his subjects in their purest form (not
    idealized)
  • He used common citizens for his inspiration and
    subject matter, particularly fishermen and scenes
    of the ocean
  • With watercolor he had to work from light to dark
    in a very delicate manner

22
Mending the Nets, watercolor and gouache over
graphite , 1882Life Line, oil on canvas, 1884
23
America 1916-1920
  • Major Movements During this time period
  • Progressivism A broad based reform movement that
    sought governmental action in solving problems in
    many areas of American Life including Education,
    public health, the economy, the environment,
    labor, transportation, and politics.
  • Fundamentalist Movement Anti-modernist
    Protestant Movement started in the early
    twentieth century that proclaimed the literal
    truth of the bible the name came from the
    Fundamentals, published by the conservative
    leaders.

24
1916-1920
  • Feminism Movement that entered life in the early
    twentieth century. The movement emphasized full
    equality for women in political, social, and
    personal life.
  • Americanization of Society
  • Sought to convert immigrants to the American Way
    of Life (Anglo-Saxon Culture)
  • Melting Pot Phenomenon

25
Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Imperial Hotel, 1912-1923
  • Guggenheim, 1936

26
Marcel Duchamp, The Bride Stripped Bare by Her
Bachelors, 1915-1923
  • 272.5 x 175.8 cm
  • Oil paint, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and
    dust on two cracked glass plates, each mounted
    between 2 glass panels, in steel and wood frame.

27
Robert Henri, The Masquerade Dress Portrait of
Mrs. Henri 1911
  • Oil on canvas
  • 76 ½ x 36 ¼

28
Works Cited
  • Americas Library http//www.americaslibrary.gov/c
    gi-bin/page.cgi/jb/gilded
  • WebMuseum, Paris http//www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/a
    uth/cassatt/
  • Artchive http//www.artchive.com/artchive/C/cassat
    t.html
  • John Singer Sargent Virtual Gallery
    http//www.jssgallery.org/index.htm
  • Uncanny Spectacle The Public Career of the Young
    John Singer Sargent, Marc Simpson
  • Artchive http//www.artchive.com/artchive/H/homer.
    html
  • Son of the South http//www.sonofthesouth.net/Wins
    low_Homer.htm
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