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Animal Handling

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Animal Handling. By Carrie Carson. Objectives. Locate the blind spot on livestock ... All domestic livestock have contact with humans at some point in their lives. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Handling


1
Animal Handling
  • By Carrie Carson

2
Objectives
  • Locate the blind spot on livestock
  • List likes and dislikes for livestock in regards
    to animal handling
  • Define flight zone

3
Domestic Livestock
  • All domestic livestock have contact with humans
    at some point in their lives.
  • Reducing stress during these interactions makes
    livestock more productive by reducing stress
    hormones that can negatively impact economic
    factors such as growth rate and feed efficiency.

4
Domestic Livestock
  • Calm animals are less likely to injure themselves
    have carcass damage
  • Viewing human-animal contact from an animal's
    point of view makes handling less stressful

5
Animal Reactions
  • An animal's reaction to people depends on prior
    experience and the animal's genetic makeup.

6
Animal Reactions
  • Past unpleasant associations with people make
    animals skittish when they are moved or handled.

7
Animal Reactions
  • Good experiences with people make the livestock
    easier to handle. However, some animals are
    genetically programmed to be more cautious and
    nervous.

8
The Way They See
  • Livestock have wide-angle vision, they see most
    of the world surrounding them
  • A small blind spot exists directly to the rear of
    animals

9
Likes and Dislikes
  • Livestock generally avoid and dislike
  • loud noises
  • strong wind
  • changes in flooring type or elevation
  • moving from light into darkness

10
Likes and Dislikes
  • Most livestock are social animals, preferring to
    move in groups

11
Flight Zone
  • Livestock also have a "flight zone" or personal
    space
  • When a person enters this area, animals will
    retreat

12
Flight Zone
  • The point of balance is at the animals shoulder
  • Entry into the
  • flight zone from
  • one side will cause
  • the animal to
  • retreat in the
  • opposite direction.

13
Flight Zone
  • Entering a flight zone from the rear of the point
    of the shoulder will generally cause animals to
    move forward.

14
Flight Zone
  • Flight zone entry ahead of the point of the
    shoulder generally causes animals to turn.

15
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16
Entering the Flight Zone
  • When the handler enters the flight zone the
    animals will turn away

17
Leaving the Flight Zone
  • When the handler is outside the flight zone the
    animals will turn and face the handler, and
    maintain a safe distance.

18
Handler Movement
  • Handler movement pattern to keep cattle moving
    into the squeeze chute in a curved chute system.

19
Handler Movement
  • Handler movement pattern to keep cattle moving
    into a squeeze chute or restrainer

20
Your Assignment
  • Design an animal handling facility that allows
    animals to flow from
  • a catch pen
  • into a crowd alley
  • and then into a restraint device
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