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Port Capacity Issues and Solutions in the United States

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Series of locks and dams on the river system dating to 1830 ... Highway and Rail Challenges. Obstacles to Port Infrastructure Development. Time to Build ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Port Capacity Issues and Solutions in the United States


1
Port Capacity Issues and Solutions in the United
States
4th Africa Transportation Technology Conference
  • Michael J. Gordon
  • Sr. Program Manager
  • Office of Marine Highways and Passenger Service
  • U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime
    Administration
  • August 27, 2009

2
Balancing Capacity and Demand
Capacity
Demand
3
  • Background

4
U.S. Surface Transportation Modes
  • Highways
  • Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 established
    Interstate System originally 43,000 km today
    80,000 km
  • Total of paved roads in the U.S. 4,800,000 km
  • Railroads
  • First railroads in U.S. established in the 1810
    timeframe
  • Peak of 320,000 km - Today 220,000 km
  • Deregulated 1980
  • Waterways
  • 40,000 km of rivers, coastal and Great Lakes
    waterways
  • Series of locks and dams on the river system
    dating to 1830
  • Army Corps of Engineers responsible for dredging

5
U.S. Port System
  • The U.S. has over 300 ports and terminal/ 150
    primary.
  • Ports are typically legislatively created
    districts.
  • (ex. Baltimore and South Carolina are state port
    authorities).
  • Port authorities develop, manage and promote
    waterborne commerce and act as catalysts for
    economic growth.
  • Port authority activities may also include
    airports, bridges, tunnels, rail systems, inland
    river or shallow-draft barge terminals,
    industrial parks, Foreign Trade Zones, trade
    centers, terminal or short-line railroads,
    shipyards, dredging, marinas, and various public
    recreational facilities.

6
The Marine Transportation System (MTS)
  • Channels, gateway ports, near-port connectors
    interstate corridors that move our freight and
    passengers.
  • International Trade depends on ports and
    waterways.
  • U.S. international trade and gross domestic
    product are directly proportional.

7
  • Issues

8
U.S. Surface Transportation System is Facing
Serious Challenges
  • Existing Landside Congestion Bottlenecks
  • Congestion costs 200 Billion each year and
    climbing.
  • 2.3 billion gallons of fuel and 3.7 billion hours
    each year.
  • Slows freight, reduces reliability and increases
    cost.
  • Transportation Routes and Trends are changing
  • Panama Canal Expansion
  • Ships are getting larger and deeper
  • Manufacturing centers are now in China and India
  • Environmental community issues affect freight
    choices
  • Energy costs are rising

9
Major Freight Truck Bottlenecks
10
North American Rail Network (Bottlenecks
Congestion Areas)
11
Port Regulation and Governance
  • 18 Federal Agencies Play a Role in Maritime Arena
  • Dredging
  • Regulation
  • Environmental
  • Role of the CMTS
  • State and Local Government Roles
  • State DOT
  • County, City, MPOs
  • Ports and the Private Sector
  • Landlord/tenant
  • Owner/operator

12
Funding Issues
  • Declining Federal Fund Sources
  • Competing demands for funds
  • Slowdown of Federal revenue intake
  • Declining States and Local Revenue Sources
  • Recession has cut tax sources
  • Public/Private Partnership Funding Issues
  • Financial crisis has dried up credit markets
  • Obstacles to PPP
  • Legal issues
  • Scarcity of capital

13
Environmental and Community Issues
  • Competing community need issues
  • Port versus recreation uses
  • Jobs versus housing issues
  • Environmental Concerns
  • Natural environment versus created environment
  • Reclaiming port land for parks and recreation

14
Port Growth and Decline Overview
  • Recent and Future Increase in Intermodal Cargo
  • Highway and Rail Challenges
  • Obstacles to Port Infrastructure Development
  • Time to Build
  • Cost
  • Permitting
  • Land Use
  • Intermodal Road and Rail Links
  • Recession has caused a decline in West Coast
    container port throughput of 21

15
  • Solutions

16
We Need to Change Our Approach Because We Have
Become Landside Dependent
The Marine Transportation System
WATER ACCESS
PORTS
INTERSTATE CORRIDORS (Surface Transportation)

Highways Transit
Maintenance
Near-Port Connectors
Railroads
Deepening
Navigation
Marine Highways
17
Americas Marine Highway
  • U.S. has 40,000 km of under-utilized navigable
    waterways
  • The Marine Highway can provide relief to
    landside congestion
  • The 2007 Energy Bill establishes a Marine
    Highway program

18
Technology Solutions
  • Productivity Efficiency
  • Optical Character Recognition
  • Electronic Seals
  • Global Positioning inside and outside marine
    terminals
  • Gate System Automation
  • Improved Business Management Practices
  • Equipment and highly polluting engine technology
    to be replaced with more modern and
    environmentally sound equipment

19
Funding Solutions
  • Develop incentives for public-private
    partnerships for marine transportation system
    projects
  • Develop Federal grant programs for port
    infrastructure improvements and marine highways
  • Encourage State and Port Authorities to invest in
    port infrastructure needs of their marine
    terminal partners

20
Regulatory Solutions
  • Streamlined environmental processes support the
    development of infrastructure to increase
    capacity
  • Consolidation of Federal Agency requirements to
    expedite port needs
  • Use tax and other incentives to encourage
    investments in terminals, equipment and
    maintenance

21
Environmental and Community Solutions
  • Reclaim polluted areas for port purposes
  • Educate local population about job growth and
    retention
  • Encourage use of buffer zones between port and
    community areas
  • Modernize port areas to reduce traffic congestion
    and increase productivity

22
  • End
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