Comparative productivity and profitability of Organic and Conventional Farming of Export Crops in Ta - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Comparative productivity and profitability of Organic and Conventional Farming of Export Crops in Ta

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... profitability of Organic and Conventional Farming of Export ... Rational for switching to Organic farming. Declining prices of traditional export crops ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparative productivity and profitability of Organic and Conventional Farming of Export Crops in Ta


1
Comparative productivity and profitability of
Organic and Conventional Farming of Export Crops
in Tanzania
  • G.C. Ashimogo et al

2
Introduction
  • Rational for switching to Organic farming
  • Declining prices of traditional export crops
  • Declining export volumes
  • Expanding markets for certified organic products
  • Premium prices for organic products
  • Stable prices for organic products

3
Introduction
  • In Tanzania OA has been practiced for a long time
  • There is need to assess productivity and
    profitability at OA at farm level

4
Research questions
  • How does productivity and profitability compare
    among farms practicing organic and conventional
    agriculture?
  • What micro-and meso-level factors explain the
    observed phenomena?

5
Methods
  • We use crop / enterprise budgets to compare
  • Revenues
  • Variable costs
  • returns
  • The study focused on
  • Cotton in Meatu district, Shinyanga region
    (2006/07)
  • BioRe Tanzania limited
  • Cashew in Mkuranga district, Coast region
    (2005/06)
  • Premier cashew Industries

6
Sampling
7
Results - Productivity
8
Cost structure (Sh/ha)
9
Net margins
10
Conclusions
  • The whole farm area of OFs were slightly bigger
    than CFs but not statistically so.
  • Ofs were bigger than those of CFs, although not
    statistically significantly (cashew farms were
    established some years before organic
    certification)
  • OFs had bigger household sizes than CFs but not
    significantly so.
  • Adoption of organic practices
  • Adoption of GAP
  • Relatively more OFs dried and graded their cashew
    before sale compared to CFs. However, the
    proportions were not significantly different.
  • Production volume
  • OFs harvested significantly more (than twice as
    much) cashew nuts than CFs.
  • Incomes
  • OFs recorded significantly more income from sales
    of cashew nuts during 2005/06 vs. CFs.
  • Although not significantly, relatively more CFs
    weeded their farms at least once per season vs.
    OFs.
  • Although not significant, OFs recorded more
    income from sale of other crops than CFs.
    However, OFs reported a significantly higher
    total crop income compared to their CFs
    counterparts.
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