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Science Teaching Resources

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Outperforms students in textbook-based classrooms (Shymansky, 1990) ... Developed by the Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California, Berkeley ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science Teaching Resources


1
Science Teaching Resources
  • Curriculum and Methods in Elementary Education
    ELED 426

2
Learning Objectives
  • Identify available curriculum packages and
    materials
  • Identify professional educational resources
  • Identify state, national, and special-interest
    resources
  • Apply knowledge of materials to make appropriate
    curricular choices

3
Research Support
  • Outperforms students in textbook-based classrooms
    (Shymansky, 1990)
  • Lead to statistically significant improvements in
  • process skills
  • student attitudes
  • creative skills
  • questioning skills
  • hypothesizing, prediction, and application

4
SAPA Science A Process Approach
  • Elementary Curriculum
  • NSF-funded
  • Organized through American Association for the
    Advancement of Science

5
SAPA Instructional Framework
  • Focuses student experiences on the attainment of
    knowledge consistent with how scientists acquire
    knowledge. This is attained by an instructional
    focus on process skills
  • Basic observing, communicating, classifying,
    measuring, using numbers, space-time relations,
    inferences, predicting
  • Advanced formulating hypotheses, defining
    operationally, controlling variables,
    experimenting, formulating models and
    interpreting data

6
SAPA Process skill approach
  • Gagné hierarchical structure for process skills
  • students must master basic skills before
    progressing
  • Hierarchical approach informed development of
    program

7
SAPA Structure of program
  • Sequence of behavioral objectives for K-6
    students
  • Objectives used to develop understanding of
    process skills
  • Highly structured (see chart for reference)
  • "Teachers are encouraged to follow suggested
    procedures closelyin order to avoid subversion
    of the instructional goals" (Hurd Gallagher,
    1968)

8
SAPA Content knowledge
  • Major coverage social and behavioral sciences,
    including physics, biology, chemistry
  • Minor coverage earth sciences and astronomy
  • Mathematics, when appropriate (AAAS, 1971)

9
SAPA Other elements of program
  • Elements of program
  • Materials available in kit form and from local
    sources (e.g., hardware stores)
  • Teacher support materials, activity sheets for
    students
  • Instructional elements
  • Individual Lessons objectives, rationale,
    materials, initiating activity, and procedures
  • Units generalizing experience and appraisal

10
SCIS Science Curriculum Improvement Study
  • Background and Social Milieu
  • University of California, Berkeley (1961)
  • Robert Karplus
  • Early 1960s
  • NSF funded
  • Modeled scientific inquiry, consistent with
    previously developed HS science programs
  • Designed to produce more scientists

11
SCIS Foundations in Learning Theory
  • Based on learning theories advocated by Piaget,
    e.g.,
  • direct experience,
  • developmentally appropriate actvities,
  • sequential delivery of experiences

12
SCIS Key Element The Learning Cycle
  • Stage I Concrete Experience
  • Stage II Observation and Reflection
  • Stage III Concept Formation
  • Stage IV Testing Implications in New Situations

13
SCIS Current Classroom Applications
  • Still in production through Delta Education
  • Currently available as SCIS 3
  • Materials available
  • Teacher's Guide
  • Materials Live Organisms
  • Student Journals
  • Student Readings
  • Assessment Packets
  • Printed Materials

14
ESS Elementary School Science
  • Not a curriculum per se
  • Over 50 non-sequential activities
  • Open-ended/open-inquiry activities
  • Not grade level specific
  • Designed to avoid formal lectures
  • Materials available worksheets, workbooks,
    manipulatives, teachers guides
  • Available through Delta Education as Delta
    Science Modules

15
FOSS Full Option Science Series
  • Inquiry-based, collaborative learning program
  • Developed by the Lawrence Hall of Science,
    University of California, Berkeley
  • Its modular design (27 modules) provides
    versatility for use in many different classroom
    settings.

16
FOSS Full Option Science Series
  • Current components
  • Multimedia extensions
  • Manipulatives
  • Assessment instruments
  • Student readers
  • Available through Delta Education
  • Links
  • http//www.fossweb.com/
  • http//lhsfoss.org/

17
AIMS Activities Integrating Math and Science
  • Activities are comprehensive--focused on the
    integration of math, science and technology
    skills
  • Teacher guide
  • Hands on activities using readily available
    materials
  • Developmentally appropriate

18
AIMS Activities Integrating Math and Science
  • Magazine available
  • Workshops available
  • Link
  • http//www.aimsedu.org/

19
GEMS Great Explorations in Math and Science
  • GEMS units use accessible everyday materials
  • Designed for teachers with limited background in
    math and/or science.
  • Features a "guided discovery" inquiry-based
    approach

20
GEMS Great Explorations in Math and Science
  • GEMS units can stand alone or can be combined to
    construct year-long curricula.
  • Nearly 70 teacher's guides and handbooks
  • Resources
  • GEMS Network
  • Workshops
  • Link
  • http//www.lhsgems.org/

21
Resources
  • National Science Teachers Association
  • http//www.ista-il.org
  • http//www.nsta.org
  • State, Regional, and National Conferences
  • State Department of Natural Resources
  • http//dnr.state.il.us/
  • Federal agencies, e.g., Fermilab, Argonne
  • http//www-ed.fnal.gov/ed_home.html
  • http//www.anl.gov/

22
Perioidcals
  • Science and Children
  • Science Scope
  • Science Activities
  • AIMS Magazine
  • National Geographic
  • National Wildlife Federation
  • Ranger Ricks Nature Scope

23
Resources
  • AAAS Commission on Science Education. (1971). The
    AAAS Project Science--A Process Approach. In
    Victor, E. Lerner, M.S. (editors). (pp.
    451-462). Readings in science education for the
    elementary school. New York Macmillan
  • Delta Education. (2002). SCIS 3. online.
    Retrieved on April 1, 2003 from
    http//www.delta-education.com/teachers/science/
    scis.html
  • Hurd, P.D. Gallagher. J.J. (1968). New
    directions in elementary science teaching.
    Belmont, CA Wadsworth.
  • Karplus, R. Their, H.D. (1969). A new look at
    elementary school science. Chicago Rand McNally.
  • Karplus, R. Their, H.D. (1971). SCIS The
    Science Curriculum Improvement Study. In Victor,
    E. Lerner, M.S. (editors). (pp. 468-479).
    Readings in science education for the elementary
    school. New York Macmillan
  • Shymansky, J. A. (1990). A Reassessment of the
    Effects of Inquiry-Based Science Curricula of the
    60's on Student Performance. Journal of Research
    in Science Teaching, 27(2),127-144
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