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QUALIFICATIONS OF PERSONS WORKING IN RADIATION USERS ORGANIZATION AND RADIATION PROTECTION TRAINING

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Decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health on the medical use of radiation (423/2000) ... radiation therapy physician, nuclear medicine physician 40 h/5year ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: QUALIFICATIONS OF PERSONS WORKING IN RADIATION USERS ORGANIZATION AND RADIATION PROTECTION TRAINING


1
QUALIFICATIONS OF PERSONS WORKING IN RADIATION
USERS ORGANIZATION AND RADIATION PROTECTION
TRAINING REQUIRED FOR COMPETENCE IN FINLAND
  • First EUTERP Platform Workshop Qualifications
    and Requirements for Recognition of Radiation
    Protection Experts, Radiation Protection Officers
    and Radiation Workers
  • Vilnius, Lithuania
  • 22-24 May 2007
  • Ritva Havukainen
  • Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK)
  • www.stuk.fi

2
What are the expectations of the Platform?
  • Differences in national practices?
  • legislation and requirements
  • qualifications and recognition practices
  • RP training content and amount
  • Is there needs for revision of national
    practices?
  • Revision of the directive 96/29/Euratom

3
What is the strength of the qualification system
and the requirements for recognition of RPEs and
RPOs in your country?
  • Legislation and requirements in Finland
  • Radiation Act (592/1991)
  • Radiation Decree (1512/1991)
  • Decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and
    Health on the medical use of radiation
    (423/2000)
  • Guide ST 1.4, Radiation users organization.
    Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK),
    2004.
  • Guide ST 1.7, Training in Health Care, STUK, 2003
  • Guide ST 1.8, Qualifications of Persons Working
    in Radiation Users Organization and RP Training
    Required for Competence. STUK, 2004.
  • www.stuk.fi

4
What is the strength of the qualification system
and the requirements for recognition of RPEs and
RPOs in your country?
  • According to the Radiation Act (592/1991)
  • The party running a radiation practice (licensee)
    is responsible for ensuring that persons in the
    radiation users organization possess the
    training and qualifications required for their
    duties.
  • Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK)
    shall
  • stipulate the qualifications required of a RSO
    and of other persons working in the user's
    organization, and
  • investigate compliance with the said
    stipulations.

5
Radiation users organization(Guide ST 1.4)
  • Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) and other
    responsible persons
  • nominated by the licensee
  • accepted by STUK
  • usually RSOs expertise is enough to take also
    QEs role
  • Specialist expertise
  • qualified expert (QE)
  • STUK requires nomination of a QE in a licence if
    RSOs expertise is not enough
  • medical physics expert (MPE)
  • medical physicist , who has completed a RSO exam
  • Duties of a RSO, other responsible persons and
    experts
  • defined by the licensee
  • typical duties listed in the Guide ST 1.4

6
Qualifications and RP training of a RSO(Guide ST
1.8)
  • 11 different fields of competences
  • X-ray practices in health care
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Radiotherapy
  • etc.
  • Qualifications in various fields of competences
  • X-ray Practices in health care specialist in
    radiology, medical physicist or physician who has
    completed a RSO exam
  • Nuclear medicine medical physicist or specialist
    in clinical physiology and nuclear medicine, who
    has completed a RSO exam
  • etc.
  • Content and minimum amount of RP training
  • general RP training (5 h) all fields of
    competences
  • practice specified training (5, 10, 20, 80 h)
    depending on fields of competences
  • supplementary training of a RSO in work
  • medical use of radiation 20 h/5 years
  • non-medical use of radiation 10 h/5 years

7
Training organizations arranging RSO exams
  • Recognition
  • training program exam according to the Guide ST
    1.8
  • acceptance by STUK for 5 years
  • Certificate
  • an indication that the nominated person is
    competent to serve as a RSO
  • STUK requires when accepting a RSO

8
Health care personnel involved in the use of
radiation
  • Qualifications of personnel
  • Decree of the MSAH (423/2000)
  • a physician issuing referrals to a procedure
    involving exposure to radiation
  • a physician responsible for a procedure
  • professional performing a procedure
  • medical physics experts
  • Content and minimum amount of RP training (Guide
    ST 1.7)
  • for different worker groups (physicians, nurses,
    physicists, etc.)
  • based on the publication Radiation Protection
    116 Guidelines on education and training in
    radiation protection for medical exposures.
    European Commission, 2001.

9
Minimum amount of RP training of physicians
(Guide ST 1.7)
  • Basic training
  • physician, dentist 40 h
  • Further training
  • orthopaedist, cardiologist, dentist, referring
    physician,
  • physician performing medical surveillance
    (category A) 20 h
  • specialist in radiology, interventional
    cardiologist,
  • radiation therapy physician, nuclear medicine
    physician 40 h
  • Supplementary training
  • referring physician 8 h/5year
  • orthopaedist, cardiologist, dentist, referring
    physician,
  • physician performing medical surveillance 20/5y
    ear
  • specialist in radiology, interventional
    cardiologist,
  • radiation therapy physician, nuclear medicine
    physician 40 h/5year

10
Weaknesses and deficiencies
  • Requirements for training organizations?
  • competence and training of trainers
  • training material
  • Regulatory control of RP training and exams?
  • Are the content and amount of RP training same in
    different training organizations?
  • Are the exams and completing criteria similar
    enough?
  • Competence of RSOs and radiation workers on site?
  • no renewals of certificates
  • supplementary training requirements

11
Flexibility in the qualifications, and what are
the requirements in order to reach international
consensus on these issues?
  • Qualifications and RP training of RSO, QE and
    other responsible workers
  • could be standardized internationally
  • QE should have an academic degree
  • a medical physicist serves as a MPE and a QE in
    medical use of radiation
  • a separate QE is not needed in simple use of
    radiation
  • knowledge of national language and requirements
  • supplementary training
  • In Finland
  • Requirements in the Guide ST 1.8 quite easy to
    revise

12
Flexibility in the qualifications, and what are
the requirements in order to reach international
consensus on these issues?
  • Qualifications and RP training of radiation users
  • good practices can be given internationally
  • universities have autonomy to arrange their
    studies
  • In Finland
  • medical use of radiation Decree of MSAH
    (423/2000) and Guide ST 1.7
  • non-medical use Guide ST 1.8
  • no need to revise at the moment
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