Effects of Child Skills Training in Preventing Antisocial Behavior - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Effects of Child Skills Training in Preventing Antisocial Behavior

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To analyze the preventive effects of child skills training on antisocial ... Outcome measures: data had to be reported in sufficient detail to permit an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Effects of Child Skills Training in Preventing Antisocial Behavior


1
Effects of Child Skills Training in Preventing
Antisocial Behavior
  • By Friedrich Losel Andreas Beelmann
  • Angelique Marshall
  • Radford University

2
Purpose
  • To analyze the preventive effects of child skills
    training on antisocial behavior and related
    outcomes.
  • provide a basis for a differentiated evaluation
    of the preventive potential of child skills
    training
  • permit conclusions on the practical
    implementation of such programs
  • offer perspectives for practice, policy making,
    and research

3
Literature Review
  • All retrievable published or unpublished reports
    in the English or German Languages that had
    appeared no later than 2000
  • Methods
  • Electronic Sources- keywordsPrevention
    antisocial behavior social skills training
    evaluation meta-analysis childhood and
    adolescence
  • Psyc-Info
  • Medline
  • Eric
  • Dissertation Abstracts

4
Literature Review
  • References given in existing reviews were checked
    systematically
  • References given already identified primary
    studies were analyzed for further relevant
    publications
  • Studies
  • Approximately 851 found
  • 84 met eligibility criteria that included 135
    treatment/control group comparisons

5
Studies to Include
  • Must contain an evaluation specifically
    addressing a social training program for the
    prevention of antisocial behavior in children and
    youth
  • Randomized control group design
  • Pre-intervention and post-intervention data had
    to be available
  • Age zero to eighteen years
  • Focus on prevention
  • Outcome measures data had to be reported in
    sufficient detail to permit an adequate
    computation

6
Potential ModeratorsIndependent Variables
  • Publication year
  • Sample size
  • Type of randomization
  • Type of treatment
  • Trainers
  • Age
  • Type of prevention

7
Potential ModeratorsDependent Variables
  • Experimental design treatment and control group
  • Specifically addressing a social training program
    for prevention of anti-social behavior
  • Post-intervention measurements
  • Follow-up measurements

8
Results for Dependent Moderators
9
Results for Dependent Moderators
10
Results for Independent Variable Moderators
  • Low sample size in many of the studies
  • Performed multiple significance testing without
    alpha adjustments
  • Some effects are based on only a few studies
  • Random model is not very sensitive for moderator
    effects
  • Moderators are to some extent confounded

11
Conclusion
  • Studies demonstrate a positive overall effect
    that is small but robust
  • Cognitive-behavioral programs targeting high-risk
    youngsters who already exhibit some behavioral
    problems seem to be particularly effective.
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