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Suicide in teenagers

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The Suicide Act 1961 brought a change to the law so that suicide is no ... deliberate hastening of death by a terminally ill patient with assistance from a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Suicide in teenagers


1
Suicide in teenagers
  • By Nabila,Unsiyha and Nosheen.

2
SUICIDE???????
  • Suicide Act 1961, it was illegal to commit
    suicide and anyone who tried and failed would be
    subject to legal proceedings and possible
    detention.
  • The Suicide Act 1961 brought a change to the law
    so that suicide is no longer a criminal act.
  • However, it is still illegal to 'aid or abet'
    another person in taking their own life, and
    anyone who does this may face a maximum 14 years
    imprisonment.

3
Different forms of Suicide
  • Suicide
  • Suicide is the act of intentionally ending one's
    own life it is sometimes a noun for one who has
    committed, or attempted the act.
  • Assisted Suicide
  • The deliberate hastening of death by a terminally
    ill patient with assistance from a doctor, family
    member, or another individual.
  • Para Suicide
  • Sometimes called Deliberate Self-Harm. It is a
    term used when someone self harms, but does not
    kill themselves.
  • Could be a positive thing because they may just
    be harming themselves and releasing anger,
    instead of committing suicide.

4
jumping from a height
Use of weapons e.g. guns, knifes etc.

Burning yourself
Different methods of suicide
Overdose
Hanging
Poison
5
(No Transcript)
6
Suicide in teenagers!!!!!
  • Suicide is the third lading cause of death among
    adolescents and teenagers.
  • According to the national institute of mental
    health about 8 out of every 100,000 teenagers
    committed suicide in 2000.
  • Depression is the leading cause of suicide.
  • The National Youth Violence Prevention resource
    centre found that
  • almost 1 in 5 teens had thought about suicide.
  • About 1 in 6 teens had made plans for suicide.
  • More than 1 in 12 teens had attempted suicide in
    the last year.

7
Why teens might commit suicide?
  • Depression - Signs of developing depression in
    teens include
  • Unhappiness
  • Isolated behavior
  • Drop in school performance
  • Loss of interest in activities that formerly were
    sources of enjoyment
  • Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness,
    helplessness
  • Change in sleep habits and eating habits
  • Self-neglect
  • Preoccupation with sad thoughts or death

8
Continued
  • Substance abuse
  • Behavioral problems
  • Family history
  • Anxiety
  • High expectations of self
  •  
  •  

9
Suicide in men and women aged 15 and over
10
Suicide Facts
  • The suicide rate in men aged 15 and over declined
    during the 1990s, until a sharp increase in 1998.
  • In 2005, the rate was the lowest throughout the
    period 1991 to 2005, at 17.5 suicides per 100,000
    population.
  • Female rates lower, at around six suicides per
    100,000 population.

11
Explanations for the decline
  • Increase in self- harm
  • Increase in drug and alcohol abuse
  • Receive extra care

12
Suicide in different ages
13
  • 75 have lowest suicide rates across the
    different age groups
  • Chronic illnesses can be managed better
  • People are living longer

14
Treatment Options for suicide
  • It is important that the patient get a good
    psychiatric evaluation by a board
  • certified psychiatrist who specializes in
    personality disorders before treatment
  • begins.
  • Psychotherapy Approaches
  • this therapy is effective for many patients.
  • Patient have 2-3 therapy sessions a week over a
    period of years.
  • meanings and motives of the individual are
    understood

15
Treatments..
  • About Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
  • Supportive Psychotherapy
  • Medication

16
Case Study
  • Mary is a 16 year old student in secondary
    school, achieving poor results.
  • Bullied in primary school, has no friends,
    sexually abused by father, mother has left them.
  • At the age of 14, she took drug overdose, was on
    suicide watch in the mental health unit.
  • Now living on streets.

17
Bio effects
Social effects
Psycho effects
  • Going through adolescence so her hormones are
    changing
  • Self harm
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, because of life on
    the streets
  • Going through depression
  • Getting stress from school
  • Severely depressed
  • Low self esteem
  • Lack of confidence
  • Self harm makes her feel in control of herself so
    this is abnormal behaviour
  • Poor education
  • Living in poverty
  • Social exclusion
  • No money
  • No job

18
conclusion
Based on the evidence that we have presented, it
shows that suicide in teenagers is on the fall,
but it is very common today. Suicide rates in
males has decreased immensely, as they have more
pressures to deal with (e.g. getting a good
education, peer pressure, trying to make friends)
whereas it has stayed average amongst women.
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