Learn and Live: Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Learn and Live: Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 225c7-OTdmZ


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Learn and Live: Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle


... coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and hypertension. ... Increased risk for developing type 2 DM, heart disease & stroke. One of these conditions: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:879
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 45
Provided by: aaro


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Learn and Live: Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle

Learn and LiveTips for a Healthy Lifestyle
  • On behalf of the Creighton Cardiac Center and the
    American Heart Association
  • February 2007

Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in adults
age 20 and older by age and sex (NHANES
1999-2004). Source NCHS and NHLBI. These data
include coronary heart disease, heart failure,
stroke and hypertension.
Deaths from diseases of the heart (United States
19002004.) Source NCHS and NHLBI.
Hospital discharges for cardiovascular diseases.
(United States 1970-2004). Note Hospital
discharges include people discharged alive, dead
and status unknown. Source NCHS and NHLBI.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
  • Some heart attacks are sudden and intense, but
    most heart attacks start slowly, with mild
  • Chest discomfort 
  • Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the
    center of the chest that lasts more than a few
    minutes or that goes away and comes back.
  • It can feel like uncomfortable pressure,
    squeezing, fullness or pain.   
  • Discomfort in other areas of the upper body 
  • Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or
    both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.   
  • Shortness of breath
  • May occur with or without chest discomfort.  

Symptoms of a Heart Attack
  • Other signs These may include breaking out in a
    cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.       
  • As with men, women's most common heart attack
    symptom is chest pain or discomfort.
  • But women are somewhat more likely than men to
    experience some of the other common symptoms,
    particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting
    and back or jaw pain.

What do you do???
  • Don't wait longer than a few minutes (no more
    than 5) before calling for help.
  • Call 9-1-1... Get to a hospital right away.
  • If you can't access the emergency medical
    services (EMS), have someone drive you to the
    hospital right away.
  • If you're the one having symptoms, don't drive
    yourself unless you have absolutely no other

Warning Signs of Stroke
  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or
    leg, especially on one side of the body   
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes   
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of
    balance or coordination   
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Warning Signs of Stroke
  • Immediately call 9-1-1 or the emergency medical
    services (EMS) number so an ambulance can be sent
    for you.
  • Also, check the time so you'll know when the
    first symptoms appeared.

Prevention Pays Off Know Your Numbers!!
  • Systolic diastolic blood pressure
  • Less than 140/90 in everyone
  • Less than 130/80 for diabetics
  • Whole blood glucose
  • Less than 126 mg/dl
  • Cholesterol
  • Total lt 200 mg/dl, LDL depends on your risk
  • HDL is happy higher is better
  • Height weight BMI lt 25

  • It's fairly easy to lower your cholesterol
  • Eat more foods low in saturated fat cholesterol
  • Cut down on high-fat foods, especially those high
    in saturated fats
  • Watch your caloric intake

Tips for Healthy Living
  • Eat at least 5 servings of fruits vegetables
    every day
  • Eat 6 or more servings of cereals, breads, pasta
    other whole-grain products
  • Eat fish, poultry (without skin) leaner cuts of
    meat instead of fatty ones
  • Eat fat-free or 1 milk dairy products rather
    than whole-milk dairy products

Tips for Healthy Living
  • Enjoy 3060 minutes of vigorous activities on
    most (or all) days of the week
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Blood Pressure (BP)
  • High BP (HBP) usually has no symptoms
  • The only way to find out if you have HBP is to
    have your BP checked
  • If your BP is ok, get it checked at least every 2
  • If you have prehypertension or if you have a
    family history of HBP, you're at higher risk
  • Children adults with smaller or larger than
    average-sized arms may need special-sized cuffs

What's normal blood pressure?
10 Ways to Control Your BP
  • Know your BP. Have it checked regularly.
  • Know what your weight should be. Keep it at or
    below that level.

10 Ways to Control Your BP
  • Don't use too much salt in cooking or at meals.
    Avoid salty foods.
  • Eat a diet low in saturated fat according to AHA
  • Control alcohol intake. Don't have more than one
    drink a day if you're a woman or two a day if
    you're a man.

10 Ways to Control Your BP
  • Take your medicine exactly as prescribed. Don't
    run out of pills even for a single day.
  • Keep appointments with your doctor.
  • Follow your doctor's advice about physical
  • Make certain your relatives have their BP checked
  • Live a normal life in every other way.

Diabetes (DM) Not so Sweet
  • DM fasting blood glucose of gt 126 mg/dL
  • "Pre-diabetes glucose levels are higher than
    normal but not yet diabetic
  • Increased risk for developing type 2 DM, heart
    disease stroke
  • One of these conditions
  • Impaired fasting glucose
  • Impaired glucose tolerance

Not so Sweet
  • Type 2 DM is the most common form
  • DM is a major risk factor for stroke coronary
    heart disease, including heart attack (MI)
  • Unfortunately, most diabetics are not aware of
    these risks

  • It's critical for diabetics to have regular exams
  • Work closely with your doctor to manage your DM
    control any other risk factors
  • If excess weight is an issue, a doctor may
    prescribe changes in eating habits, exercise
    programs and medications to help keep weight in

  • Diabetics may avoid or delay cardiovascular
    disease by controlling their blood sugar other
    risk factors
  • Control weight cholesterol with a low-fat,
    low-cholesterol diet regular exercise
  • It's also important to lower high blood pressure
  • Do not to smoke
  • BP should be lower than 130/80 mm Hg

Cigarette smoking Bad News
  • Cigarette smoking the most important
    preventable cause of premature death in the
    United States
  • Smokers have a higher risk of developing a number
    of chronic disorders
  • Cardiovascular disease MIs
  • Several types of cancer
  • Chronic obstructive lung disease

Bad News
  • Smoking increases the risk of coronary heart
    disease by itself
  • when it acts with other factors, it greatly
    increases risk
  • Smoking increases BP, decreases exercise
    tolerance increases the tendency for blood to

Bad News
  • Smoking also increases the risk of recurrent
    heart disease after bypass surgery
  • Smoking is the most important risk factor for
    young men women
  • It produces a greater relative risk in persons
    under age 50 than in those over 50
  • Women who smoke use birth control pills greatly
    increase their risk of MI stroke
  • compared with nonsmoking women who use birth
    control pills

Second-hand Smoke
  • The link between second-hand smoke disease is
    well known
  • About 37,000 to 40,000 people die from heart
    blood vessel disease caused by other people's
    smoke each year
  • Of these, about 35,000 nonsmokers die from heart
    disease, which includes MI

The Good News
  • About 48 million Americans smoke cigarettes, but
    most smokers are either actively trying to quit
    or want to quit
  • Since 1965, more than 40 of all adults who have
    ever smoked have quit

The Good News
  • After 1 year off cigarettes, the excess risk of
    heart disease caused by smoking is reduced by 50
  • After 15 years of abstinence, the risk is similar
    to that for people who've never smoked
  • In 5 to 15 years, the risk of stroke for
    ex-smokers returns to the level of those who've
    never smoked

The Good News
  • Male smokers who quit between ages 35 to 39 add
    an average of 5 years to their lives
  • Female quitters in this age group add 3 years
  • Men women who quit at ages 65 to 69 increase
    their life expectancy by 1 year

(No Transcript)
Benefits of Exercise
  • Improves self-image
  • Controls weight
  • Improves cholesterol
  • Prevents/manages BP
  • Prevents bone loss
  • Boosts energy level
  • Helps manage stress releases tension
  • Improves the ability to sleep well
  • Counters anxiety/depression
  • Increases strength/ability to do other physical
  • Provides a way to share an activity with family
  • Establishes good heart-healthy habits in children
  • Helps prevent chronic illnesses associated with
  • Maintains quality of life independence longer

Painless Ways to Increase Activity
  • Do housework yourself Garden or mow    
  • Go out for a walk before or after meals
  • Walk or bike to the store instead of driving    
  • If walking, pick up the pace or choose a hilly
  • Pedal your stationary bicycle while watching TV
  • Stand up while talking on the telephone
  • Walk the dog
  • Park farther in the lot walk the extra distance
  • Keep exercise equipment in good working order
    use it

Painless Ways to Increase Activity
  • Plan outings that include physical activity
  • See the sights in new cities by walking
  • Make a date with a friend to enjoy physical
  • Play music while exercising or doing housework 
  • Dance with someone or by yourself
  • Join a club that emphasizes physical activity  
  • When golfing, walk instead of using a cart    
  • Play singles tennis instead of doubles    
  • At a picnic, join in on badminton instead of

Painless Ways to Increase Activity
  • Walk in the American Heart Associations Heart

Learn More Live
  • Know your numbers
  • Get active
  • Work with your doctor
  • http//www.americanheart.org

The Cardiac Centerat 3006 Webster Street
  • Quality patient care through
  • education research
  • We strive to exceed your expectations

Division of Cardiology
  • 18 Faculty Cardiologists
  • 11 Non-invasive
  • 4 Interventional
  • 3 Electrophysiology
  • 12 Cardiology Fellows
  • 3 NPs/PAs
  • 200 Staff
  • Registered Nurses
  • PharmDs
  • Exercise Science Specialists
  • Nutritionists
  • Tobacco Treatment Specialist
  • Cardiac Sonographers
  • Technicians
  • Clerical Staff
  • Administrative Professionals

Outpatient Sites
  • 3006 Webster (West of CUMC hospital)
  • Lakeside
  • Bergan
  • NW Radial Highway
  • Columbus, NE
  • Onawa, IA
  • 9 Outreach Sites in NE IA

Outpatient Prevention Services
  • Partners in Cardiology
  • Club Exercise Membership
  • Individualized Exercise Program
  • Nutrition Education
  • Private
  • Group Classes
  • Cooking Schools
  • Stress Management
  • Tobacco Treatment
  • Group
  • Individual

Outpatient CV Services
  • Patient Eval Mgmt
  • EKG
  • Laboratory Studies
  • Chest X-ray
  • Stress Testing
  • Diagnostic Cardiac Cath
  • Cardiovascular Ultrasound
  • Carotid, peripheral, renal, abdominal
  • EECP
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • Arrhythmia Mgmt Services
  • Event Recorders
  • Holter Monitors
  • Heart-Lite
  • Therapeutic Monitoring
  • Anticoagulation medications
  • Arrhythmia medications
  • HIT (Heart Failure Mgmt)
  • Device Mgmt
  • Pacemaker
  • ICD

Support Groups
  • The Cardiac Upbeats
  • The Jump Starters
  • Mended Hearts

Collaborative Approach
  • With Primary Care Provider
  • Patient
  • Family
  • Among faculty
  • Built in second opinion

Call Us With Questions
  • If you or a loved one have questions regarding
    Heart Health, talk to your primary care physician
    or contact The Cardiac Center of Creighton
    University Medical Center at 280-5920 to learn
    more about the programs available through
    Creighton's healthcare services. 
About PowerShow.com