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The Industrial Revolution

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What was the Industrial Revolution and why was it such ... Definition: A turning point in history that began in the mid ... Seed Drill (Jethro Tull) The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Industrial Revolution


1
The Industrial Revolution
  • Beginnings

2
Review
  • Life before and after worksheet.
  • Other Revolutions?
  • With a partner
  • Brainstorm positives and negatives in industry.
  • (4 minutes)

3
Preview
  • Today, you will answer
  • What was the Industrial Revolution and why was it
    such a big deal?
  • What caused the Industrial Revolution?
  • Where did the Industrial Revolution start and why?

4
The Industrial Revolution
  • Definition A turning point in history that
    began in the mid-1700s in which people went from
    being rural farmers to urban workers.

5
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Population Explosion
  • New Technology

6
Agricultural Revolution
  • What was farming like before this time period?
  • Improvements in Agricultural Thinking
  • Dikes
  • Fertilizer
  • Seed Drill (Jethro Tull)

7
The Enclosure Movement
  • Enclosure Rich landowners taking over and
    fencing off land formerly shared by peasant
    farmers.
  • Why?
  • Effects?

8
The Population Explosion
  • (1700-1800)
  • Europe 120 million ? 190 million
  • England 5 million ? 9 million
  • Why?
  • Declining Death Rates
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Sanitation and hygiene improvements

9
New Technology
  • Sources of Energy
  • Before the Industrial Revolution?
  • After the Industrial Revolution?

10
The Beginning
  • Describe the nation of England at this point in
    history (mid 1700s).
  • What do you think was needed for an industrial
    revolution to take place?
  • Land
  • Labor

11
An English Revolution
  • Why Britain?
  • Resources
  • Labor
  • Capital
  • Capital
  • Money used to invest in business.

12
The Textile Industry
  • What is a textile?
  • Cottage Industry
  • Inventions
  • Flying Shuttle
  • Spinning Jenny
  • Waterframe

13
Factories
  • Definition Places that brought together workers
    and machines in order to produce large amounts of
    goods.

14
Transportation Revolution
  • The Steam Locomotive
  • 18301st Major Railway
  • Liverpool to Manchester
  • The Steamboat
  • Robert Fulton (1807)
  • Clermont

15
The English Railway System
16
Review
  • With a partner
  • What was the Industrial Revolution and why was it
    such a big deal?
  • What caused the Industrial Revolution?
  • Where did the Industrial Revolution start and why?
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