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2.1 Introduction to Genesis

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Genealogy of heaven and earth. Adam and Eve ... Genealogy. Noah's Flood, Salvation in ark ... Genealogy. The Purpose of Genesis 37-50 ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2.1 Introduction to Genesis


1
2.1 Introduction to Genesis
  • APTS-BOT620

2
General Introduction
  • Name tyvarb, gene,sewj, etc.
  • Authorship
  • Moses wrote it based on direct attribution in
    legal material in the Pentateuch (Ex 24.4 30.11,
    17 33.1, 5, 29 Lev 1.1 4.1 6.1 Num 4.1 Deut
    1.1, 5 5.1 31.22, 30 33.1)

3
General Introduction
  • Authorship
  • Moses used oral and/or written sources, while
    allowing for copyists footnotes
  • A work attributed to Moses
  • Multiple authors and editors

4
General Introduction
  • "While Genesis is an anonymous work, as are the
    other four books of the Pentateuch, its
    attributive author is Moses. However, to what
    extent he wrote any of its contents, with the
    possible exception of all or part of the Joseph
    narratives, is unknown. In attributing Mosaic
    authorship to the Pentateuch as a whole,
    conservative scholars have pointed out that the
    Torah in its entirety must not necessarily be
    assumed to have been the work of his own hands,
    any more that any of the stelae of antiquity were
    the product of direct activity

5
General Introduction
  • on the part of their attributive authors. Some
    writers, such as Young, have not precluded the
    possibility that the writer drew on earlier
    written sources, but in general the ascription of
    Mosaicity to the Pentateuch implies its
    historicity and its formulation by Moses under
    divine inspiration, with the supposition that
    later editors may have revised the contents
    somewhat in accord with the traditions of the ANE
    scribes." R. K. Harrison, Introduction to the
    Old Testament, 542

6
The Text of Genesis
  • Masoretic text (MT)
  • Samaritan Pentateuch (SP)
  • Septuagint (LXX)
  • Genesis fragments from Qumran
  • Targumim

7
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • Call Theory
  • Genesis is structured around the same calls (a)
    Gen 1-11 concerns the affirmation that God calls
    the world into being to be his faithful world.
    (b) Gen 12-50 concerns the affirmation that God
    calls a special people to be faithfully his
    people. Brueggemann

8
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • Toledoth and the Structure of Genesis
  • 1.1-2.4 Origins of the Cosmos
  • 2.5-5.2 Origins of Humanity
  • 5.3-6.9a Histories of Noah
  • 6.9b-10.1 Histories of the sons of Noah
  • 10.2-11.10a Histories of Shem
  • 11.10b-11.27a Histories of Terah

9
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • 11.27b-25.12 Histories of Ishmael
  • 25.13-25.12 Histories of Isaac
  • 25.19b-36.1 Histories of Esau
  • 36.2-36.9 Histories of Esau
  • 36.10-37.2 Histories of Jacob
  • Wiseman Harrison in Garrett, p. 95

10
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • 5.1-32 Of Adam includes information on the years
    of each patriarch
  • 6.9a, 10 7.6 Of Noah interrupted by flood
    narrative
  • 9.18-19, 28-29 10.1-32 Of Noah's sons contains
    incidental details on Nimrod and Babylon
  • 11.10-26 Of Shem contains information on the
    years of the patriarchs
  • 11.27-33 Of Terah describes a family migration

11
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • 25.12-18 Of Ishmael describes a family migration
  • 25.19-20 Of Isaac interrupted by the Jacob
    narrative
  • 35.22b-29 36.1-43 Of Esau describes a family
    migration and lists Edomite Tribal chiefs may
    have originated between two separate sources, as
    indicated in v9
  • 37.1-2a Of Jacob interrupted by the Joseph
    narrative
  • 47.8-27 Describes a family migration

12
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • Kikawada Quinn, Before Abraham Was
  • Prologue Primeval History 1.1-11.26
  • Transition Genealogy 11.27-32
  • Threat The Abraham Cycle 12.1-25.11
  • Transition Genealogy 25.12-18
  • Threat The Jacob Cycle 25.19-35.22b

13
Theories Concerning the Structure of Genesis
  • Kikawada Quinn, Before Abraham Was
  • Transition Genealogy 35.22c-36.40
  • Threat The Joseph Cycle 37.1-46.7
  • Transition Genealogy 46.8-27
  • Resolution Settlement in Egypt 46.28-50.26

14
Outlines of Genesis
  • Brueggemann
  • 1.1-11.29 THE SOVEREIGN CALL OF GOD (Eph 1.9-10)
    Will God bring his creation to the unity he
    intends?
  • 11.3-25.18 THE EMBRACED CALL OF GOD (Heb
    11.8,11,17,19) Will Abraham live faith?
  • 25.19-36.43 THE CONFLICTED CALL OF GOD (1 Cor
    1.27-29) Will the younger rule the older?
  • 37.1-50.26 THE HIDDEN CALL OF GOD (Rom 8.28-30)
    Will the dreamer keep his dream?

15
Outlines of Genesis
  • Wenham
  • 1.1-2.3 Prologue
  • 2.4-4.26 History of heaven and earth
  • 5.1-6.8 Family History of Adam
  • 6.9-9.26 Family History of Noah
  • 10.1-11.9 Family History of Noah's sons
  • 11.10-26 Family History of Shem

16
Outlines of Genesis
  • 11.27-25.11 Family History of Terah
  • 25.12-18 Family History of Ishmael
  • 25.19-35.29 Family History of Isaac
  • 36.1-37.1 Family History of Esau
  • 37.2-50.26 Family History of Jacob

17
Kikawada Quinn's Atrahasis and Gen 1-11
Parallel Outline
  • A. Creation (1.1-2.3)
  • Summary of work of God
  • Creation of man
  • B. First Threat (2.4-3.24)
  • Genealogy of heaven and earth
  • Adam and Eve

18
Kikawada Quinn's Atrahasis and Gen 1-11
Parallel Outline
  • C. Second Threat (4.1-4.26)
  • Cain and Abel
  • 1. Cain and Able, genealogy
  • 2. Lamech's taunt (in genealogy)
  • D. Final Threat (5.1-9.29)
  • Genealogy
  • Noah's Flood, Salvation in ark

19
Kikawada Quinn's Atrahasis and Gen 1-11
Parallel Outline
  • E. Resolution (10.1-11.32)
  • Genealogy
  • Tower of Babel and Dispersion Genealogy, Abram
    leaves Ur

20
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Primeval History
  • A Creation, Gods Words to Adam (1.1-3.24)
  • B Adams Sons (4.1-16)
  • C Technological Development of Mankind
    (4.17-26)
  • D Ten Generations from Adam to Noah
    (5.1-32)
  • E Downfall The Nephilim (6.1-8)
  • A Flood, Gods Words to Noah (6.9-9.17)
  • B Noahs Sons (9.18-29)
  • C Ethnic Development of Mankind (10.1-32)
  • E Downfall Tower of Babel (11.1-9)
  • D Ten Generations from Noah to Terah
    (11.10-26)

21
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Abraham Cycle
  • A Genealogy of Terah (11.27-32)
  • B Start of Abrams Spiritual Odyssey (12.1-9)
  • C Sarai in foreign palace ordeal ends in peace
    and success Abram and Lot part (12.10-13.18)
  • D Abram comes to the rescue of Sodom and
    Lot (14.1-24)
  • E Covenant with Abram Annunciation of Ishmael
    (15.1-16.16)

22
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Abraham Cycle
  • E Covenant with Abraham Annunciation of Isaac
    (17.1-18.15)
  • D Abraham comes to rescue of Sodom and Lot
    (18.16-19.38)
  • C Sarah in foreign palace ordeal ends in peace
    and success Abraham and Ishmael part
    (20.1-21.34)
  • B Climax of Abrahams Spiritual Odyssey
    (22.1-19)
  • A Genealogy of Nahor (22.20-24)

23
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Jacob Cycle
  • A Oracle sought, struggle in childbirth, Jacob
    born (25.19-34)
  • B Interlude Rebekah in foreign palace, pact with
    foreigners (26.1-34)
  • C Jacob fears Esau and flees (27.1-28.9)
  • D Messengers (28.10-22)
  • E Arrival at Haran (29.1-30)
  • F Jacobs wives are fertile (29.31-30.24)

24
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Jacob Cycle
  • F Jacobs flocks are fertile (30.25-43)
  • E Flight from Haran (31.1-54)
  • D Messengers (32.1-32)
  • C Jacob returns and fears Esau (33.1-20)
  • B Interlude Dinah in foreign palace, pact with
    foreigners (34.1-31)
  • A Oracle fulfilled, struggle in childbirth,
    Jacob becomes Israel (35.1-22)

25
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Linking Material
  • A Death and Burial of Sarah (23.1-20)
  • B Marriage of Isaac (24.1-67)
  • C Abrahams sons (25.1-6)
  • D Death and burial of Abraham (25.7-11)
  • E Ishmaels sons (25.12-18)

26
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Linking Material
  • A ----
  • C Jacobs sons (35.23-26)
  • D Death and burial of Isaac (35.27-29)
  • B Marriages of Esau (36.1-5)
  • E Esaus sons (36.6-43)

27
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Joseph Story
  • A Joseph and his brothers, Jacob and Joseph part
    (37.1-36)
  • B Interlude Joseph not present (38.1-30)
  • C Reversal Joseph guilty, Potiphars wife
    innocent (39.1-23)
  • D Joseph hero of Egypt (40.1-41.57)
  • E Two trips to Egypt (42.1-43.34)
  • F Final test (44.1-34)

28
Gary A.Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis The
Joseph Story
  • F Conclusion of Test (45.1-28)
  • E Two tellings of migration to Egypt
    (46.1-47.12)
  • D Joseph here of Egypt (47.13-27)
  • C Reversal Ephraim firstborn, Manasseh
    second-born (47.28-48.22)
  • B Interlude Joseph nominally present (49.1-28)
  • A Joseph and his brothers, Jacob and Joseph part
    (49.29-50.26)

29
The Purpose of the Book of Genesis
  • "The function of Genesis as a book of the Bible
    is to take those who read it and those who hear
    its message to the things of the beginning.
    Westermann

30
The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • Von Rad understands the purpose of these
    chapters to have been first determined by the
    Yahwist, who portrayed a history of increasing
    alienation from God. Starting with the expulsion
    from the Garden of Eden, sin expanded and grew,
    resulting in the murder of Abel, the illicit
    marriage of the angels and the flood. This
    history of sin reached its climax in the Tower of
    Babel which threatened to return the creation
    into a chaos. The key to von Rad's
    Heilsgeschichtliche interpretation lies in the
    call of Abraham (12.1-3). The election of Israel
    provides the perspective from which this
    universal history of divine judgment and mercy
    toward human sinfulness is viewed in Genesis. It
    provides the major theological Genesis by linking
    Israel's redemptive history to world history.
    Childs Introduction to the Old Testament as
    Scripture, 154

31
The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • "Westermann...does not believe that Gen 1-11
    should be subordinated to the patriarchal
    traditions of chs 12ff. but sharply distinguished
    in order to do justice to the integrity of the
    primeval history. Westermann stresses that these
    chapters do not move on the horizontal plane of
    history, but rather portray a vertical God-man
    dimension. They treat the universal reality of
    human existence which is not tied to a specific
    time or culture. Further, he makes the
    significant point that the biblical writers of
    chs. 1-11 have adopted texts which arose in the
    world outside of Israel and do not stem from the
    experience of Israel with Yahweh. He connect the
    theory that a growth of sin is intended, but
    argues for seeing only a portrayal of the variety
    and scope of the alienation. Finally, Westermann
    claims that the purpose of chs. 1-3 is not to
    portray a primeval age of innocence - there is no
    "fall" for Westermann - but rather to deal with
    the issue of human existence in its frailty and
    limitation." Childs, ibid., 154-155

32
The Purpose of Genesis 12-36
  • Promises
  • Genealogy

33
The Purpose of Genesis 37-50
  • "The first observation to make is that the
    Toledoth formula in 37.2 introduces the family of
    Jacob. Judah's story is as much a part of the
    history as is Joseph's, and the disproportionate
    length assigned to each is of little importance.
    The intention to deal with the whole family Jacob
    is confirmed by the inclusion of all the twelve
    sons in Jacob is confirmed by the inclusion of
    all the twelve sons in Jacob's final testament in
    ch. 49. The "blessings of Jacob" also reveal an
    important perspective of the tradition. It is
    from the line of Judah, not Joseph, that Israel's
    redemption is to come. The point of this section
    seems to lie somewhere in the contrast between
    the stories of these two sons in relations to the
    promise. Joseph became the means of preserving
    the family in a foreign country (50.20), but also
    the means by which a new threat to the promise of
    the land was realized. Conversely, Judah
    demonstrated an unfaithfulness which threatened
    to destroy the promise of a posterity, which was
    only restored by the faithfulness of a Canaanite
    wife. In sum, the final section of the book of
    Genesis turns on the issue of the threat to the
    promise which leads inevitably to the book of
    Exodus." Childs, ibid., 156-157
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