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Birds

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4. No other animals should be around ... They are affectionate, funny, comical, mischievous and generally easy to get along with ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Birds


1
Birds
  • Part II

2
B. External parasites
3
1. Red mites appear as tiny red specks.
Symptoms restlessness and scratching and picking
at their feathers.
4
Red mite
5
2. Feather mite small, gray-colored moving
specks. Symptoms restlessness,
severe scratching, feather picking, and skin
irritation.
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3. Scaly face tunnel into the soft tissues
around the beak and face. Symptoms
severe irritation.
8
In scaly face, beaks turn white and chalky
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4. Leg mites tunnel under the scales on the
legs. Symptoms scaly deposits that become
thickened, enlarged, and encrusted.
11
C. Bacteria diseases
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1. Parrot fever also called chlamydiosis or
psittacosis. Symptoms nasal discharges, closing
of the eyes, listlessness, appetite loss, weight
loss,
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greenish-colored diarrhea, and labored breathing.
14
Can try to treat with antibiotics in feed or
injections. Have to protect yourself, you can get
itpneumonia
15
2. Pullorum disease caused by the bacteria
Salmonella pullorum. Symptoms not eating,
sleepiness, white pasting of feces around the
vent.
16
3. Colibacillosis caused by the bacteria
Escherichia coli. Symptoms depends on form air
sac produces cheese like inflammations over the
heart, liver and air sacs,
17
navel infections causes a reddening, swelling,
mushiness or wetness around the navel, oviduct
infections cause a swelling of the oviduct and a
foul smelling discharge.
18
4. Pasterurellosis also called fowl cholera.
Symptoms joint, sinus, nasal, middle ear or
skull infections, fever, depression, anorexia
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ruffed feathers, mucous discharges, and
difficulty breathing. Can be transferred to
humans. Treated with antibiotics.
20
5. Bumblefoot associated with staphylococcal
infections. Symptoms feet and joints become hot
and swollen with a thick, grayish white fluid,
21
and not walking or clasping onto perch.
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6. Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium avium.
Usually doesnt show outward signs, just slow
weight loss and deterioration of condition.
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D. Viral Disease
26
1. Psittacine Beak and feather disease also
called French molt, viral disease attacks the
immune system.
27
Symptoms new feathers do not emerge or may be
deformed, beak and nails may be soft, overgrown,
and lose their pigment
28
2. Newcastle disease viral disease, respiratory
difficulty, tremors, wing droop, twisted neck.
29
3. Pacheco Parrots disease herpes virus.
Symptoms may become lethargic, regurgitate, and
have diarrhea.
30
E. Nutritional Problems
31
1. Goiter iodine deficiency. Symptoms swelling
of the thyroid glands in the neck and interfere
with breathing.
32
2. Rickets calcium, phosphorus, or Vitamin D3
deficiency. Symptoms lameness, stiff-legged
gait, or a constant resting in the squatting
position, and decreased growth.
33
Good natural sources of Vitamin D Cod liver
oil (only very tiny amounts needed)
Good natural sources of Calcium Cuttlebone
Oyster shells Bone meal Spinach Broccoli
34
3. Candidiasis Vitamin A deficiency. Early
sign playing with food but not eating.
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4. Obesity too much food, not enough activity
or seeds high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
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F. Other Problems
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1. Overgrown claws-Use emory board or clippers to
trim.
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2. Feather plucking boredom, diet, needs mate,
lack of bathing
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Toys help
40
G. Symptoms of Problems
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1. Sleeping on two legs, normally sleeps on only
one leg 2. Feathers are fluffed out, could be
chilled
42
3. A digestive ailment, if feces is runny 4. Not
flying around, no activity 5. Eye discharges or
continually closed are an indication of a cold.
43
6. Problem breathing either irregular, wheezing
or noisy 7. Not eating, or very little eating
44
Discuss the treatment of bird diseases.
p. 249
45
Proper management is important to prevent
diseases and ailments.
46
1. Select a healthy bird 2. Place bird in a dry,
warm, draft-free place 3. Subject the bird to
little stress
lovebirds
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4. No other animals should be around 5.
Quarantine and observation period of at least 3-4
weeks before introducing to other birds.
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6. Sanitation is extremely important should
provide fresh food and water
7. Keep perches and cage clean.
49
  • Reduce stress by giving the bird plenty of room
  • Out of cage playtime socialization
  • Allow long horizontal flight flight cages

50
Flight Cages
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B. Internal parasites Worms 1. Treat with drugs
53
C. External parasite 1. Dust with pyrethrum
powder or dipped in an appropriate insecticide 2.
Cages and equipment cleaned and disinfected
thoroughly.
54
D. Bacterial Diseases 1. Feeding antibiotic
treated seed or medicine in feed to treat
depending on bacteria.
55
E. Viral Diseases 1. Depending on disease there
are no treatments for some and other need
vaccination for prevention
56
F. Nutritional Problems 1. Goiter deficiency of
iodine in diet feed iodine blocks
57
2. Rickets deficiency/ imbalance of calcium or
phosphorous, feed oyster shell or coarse
limestone and supplement of Vitamin D3
58
3. Candidiasis- deficiency of Vitamin A. give
vitamin supplements
4. Obesity- change of diet and exercise.
59
Scaly leg mite treatment
  • Apply vaseline over encrusted deposits to seal
    air holes used by mites

60
  • If a bird is showing signs of illness and is
    resting with its feather fluffed out.
  • ? Position a light bulb near the cage to warm the
    temperature to 85 90 F

61
How to encourage preening
  • Preening to clean, straighten and fluff
    feathers
  • Removes feather dust and dirt, prevents feather
    plucking
  • Can be encouraged by spraying a mist of water
    over the bird

62
Training birds to talk
  • Important to keep stress to a minimum
  • Training sessions lasting about 15 minutes at the
    same time every day
  • Should be conducted by one person

63
Clipping Wings
  • Clip flight feathers to keep birds from escaping
    when out of cage

64
cockatiel
65
Common Pet Birds
  • Note that like most other pets, the manner in
    which the animal is raised, handled, and kept has
    a profound effect on the temperament of the
    animal.

66
Budgerigars (Parakeets)
  • Native to Australia
  • Can be taught to mimic sounds and words to do
    tricks
  • Live 5-15 years
  • small but are very active, energetic, and lively
    birds.

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RingNeck Parakeet
  • Native to India, Asia
  • Size Small 17 inches (including tail)
  • Lifespan 25-30 years
  • Smart active
  • Ringnecks have the potential to speak with
    amazing clarity. Additionally, they are adept at
    learning a great number of words and phrases,
    making them true masters at mimicry.
  • Ranked in the top five of talking birds

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http//www.youtube.com/watch?vqWjNhUzomKA
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Cockatoo
  • Over 40 species
  • Native to Australia, Indonesia New Guinea
  • Cockatoos make exceptional companion birds, if
    their needs and requirements are adequately met. 
    They are affectionate, funny, comical,
    mischievous and generally easy to get along with

74
Sulphur-Crested
Moluccan
75
Black Palm
Leadbeater
76
African Grey
  • Native to the Rainforest in
  • Central South Africa
  • High-maintenance pets
  • At least 3 hours of out of cage
  • interaction

Bird 800-2000
77
African Grey
  • Irene Peperbergs extensive research with captive
    African Greys, especially the one known as Alex,
    have provided evidence that these parrots are
    capable of associating human words with their
    meanings
  • some believe that they have the equivalent
    understanding of a human toddler and the
    cognitive ability of a 12-year-old human child.

78
  • Einstein
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v7rfGEtALHYs
  • Alex
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v7yGOgs_UlEc

79
Cockatiel
  • smallest of the Cockatoo family
  • Native to Australia
  • Live 10-20 years
  • Can be demanding of attention from owner
  • Whistle and mimic noises

Bird 75 - 200
80
Sun Conure
  • - Medium-sized brightly colored
  • parrot native to northeastern
  • South America
  • Popular pets due to bright color ability to
    talk.
  • Inquisitive temperaments demand a great deal of
    attention from their owners, and can sometimes be
    loud

Bird 600-1200
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Amazon Parrot
  • Large parrot
  • Native habitat South America, Mexico and
    Caribbean
  • Predominantly green
  • Can mimic human speech and other sound
  • Lifespan 40-80 years

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Macaw
  • Native to Mexico, Central South America
  • Most species are associated with the Rainforest
  • Live 50-100 years
  • thrive on frequent interaction and attention from
    their owners, and a lack of this can lead to
    their mental and physical suffering.

Scarlet Macaw
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Finches
  • Small, beautiful, active birds that make great
    pets for someone who likes birds but doesn't have
    time for the social interaction that a parrot
    demands
  • Social must be kept with other finches
  • Lifespan 5-10 yrs

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  • Parakeets 10 - 25
  • Canaries 25 - 150
  • Finches 10 - 100
  • African Grey 800 - 2000
  • Cockatoo 800 - 5000
  • Cockatiels 75 - 200
  • Macaws 1200 - 5000
  • Amazons 800 - 2000

http//www.goldencockatoo.com/
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The End
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