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Laboratory Safety Orientation for New Employees

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Title: Laboratory Safety Orientation for New Employees


1
Laboratory Safety Orientation for New Employees
  • USDA
  • Agricultural Research Service
  • Pacific West Area

Date Updated November 2007
2
Training Guides
  • Return to the beginning of current module
  • Return to the table of contents
  • Replay the slide audio
  • Reference to the information pamphlet

Module 0 Introduction
3
Training Modules
  • Administrative Information
  • Laboratory Ergonomics
  • Laboratory Hazards and Safety
  • Chemical Exposure
  • Hazard Communication
  • Exposure Control Methods
  • Video Presentation

Module 0 Introduction
4
Training Modules
  • Chemical Management
  • Shipping and Transport
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Environmental Management System
  • Emergency Response
  • Challenge Exam

Module 0 Introduction
5
Course Objectives
  • Follow USDA safety and security policies
  • Practice good ergonomic work habits
  • Identify laboratory hazards and apply proper
    protective measures
  • Handle and store chemicals safely
  • Dispose of hazardous waste properly
  • Know what to do in the event of an emergency
    on-site

Module 0 Introduction
6
MODULE 1 ADMINISTRATIVE
7
Administrative Information
  • Safety and Security Policies
  • Roles and Responsibilities

Module 1 Administrative Information
8
Safety and Security
  • Employees must wear ID badges
  • Do not hold open doors
  • Be mindful of pedestrians in the parking lot
  • Sign in and escort guests at all times
  • Brief guests on important information

Module 1 Administrative Information
9
Roles and Responsibilities
  • Employees
  • Properly use protective equipment and clothing
  • Promptly report accidents, injuries and releases
    to supervisors
  • Complete required training
  • Supervisors and Managers
  • Ensure employees are properly trained
  • Provide employees access to health and safety
    documentation
  • Conduct general inspections of laboratories
  • Provide procedures for particularly hazardous
    operations

Module 1 Administrative Information
10
Roles and Responsibilities
  • Senior Management
  • Provide administrative management in program
    implementation
  • Ensure proper reporting, investigation and
    follow-up of incidents and accidents
  • Safety Contact
  • Recommend goals to reduce accidents and incidents
  • Conduct inspections and audits
  • Help managers/supervisors implement policies and
    procedures
  • Investigate reports of unsafe/unhealthy conditions

Module 1 Administrative Information
11
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to provide a safe working
    environment
  • Apply training to communicate effectively with
    your supervisor or manager

Module 1 Administrative Information
12
MODULE 2 ERGONOMICS
13
Laboratory Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Ergonomic Pipetting Practices
  • Reporting Injuries

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
14
Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD)
  • Result as a function of
  • Force
  • Frequency
  • Posture
  • Overuse of muscles and tendons
  • Lack of recovery time
  • Injuries develop gradually

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
15
Ergonomics at the Working Surfaces
  • Avoid excessive reaching with Comfort Zone
  • Elbows at about 90 degrees
  • Nominal reaching with the upper arm
  • Keep footspaces clear of storage
  • Interrupt repetitive motions with mini-breaks
  • Interrupt static postures by stretching
  • Use proper lifting techniques

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
16
Ergonomic Pipetting Practices
  • Keep pipettors in good mechanical condition
  • Service units that become difficult to operate
  • Avoid long durations of pipetting
  • Allow time for mini-breaks
  • If you feel discomfort when pipetting, inform
    your supervisor

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
17
Reporting Injuries
  • Inform your supervisor and Human Resources
    department
  • Helpful Injury Information
  • Location(s) of discomfort
  • Type of discomfort(broad, sharp, tingling, cold,
    numbing)
  • Recurrence(all the time, only at certain times)
  • History of the injury
  • Tasks

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
18
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to reduce your risk to ergonomic
    injuries
  • Position materials and supplies to reduce
    reaching
  • Take breaks when working for extended periods of
    time
  • Keep your equipment well-maintained
  • Report any discomfort from repetitive tasks to
    your supervisor

Module 2 Laboratory Ergonomics
19
MODULE 3 LAB SAFETY
20
Laboratory Hazards and Safety
  • Physical Hazards
  • Protective Measures

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
21
Physical Hazards
Agent Effect
Heat and Fire Thermal Burns
Cryogens Frostbite
Ultraviolet Exposure Sunburn
Explosion (Chemical Reaction, Compessed Gases) Projectile Injury Cuts/Laceration Impact/Bruising Injection
Noise Hearing Damage
Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
22
Physical Hazards in the Laboratory
  • Sonicators and Machinery
  • Hearing protection (ear plugs or earmuffs)
  • Ultraviolet Light (direct)
  • Polycarbonate faceshield
  • Cover exposed skin

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
23
Ultraviolet Radiation
  • Exposure Symptoms
  • Eyes inflammation, dry or scratchy feeling
  • Long-term exposure may cause corneal damage
  • Skin resembles mild sunburn
  • Long-term exposure may possibly cause melanoma
  • Safety Practices
  • Use handheld units in biosafety cabinets
  • PPE is mandatory (especially for face/eyes)

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
24
Glass Under Pressure
  • Sources of Pressurization
  • Changes in temperature
  • Chemical reaction
  • Direct application of a gas
  • Laboratory Precautions
  • Inspect glassware before and after use
  • Note pressure rating
  • Wrap glassware with tape

Enclosed environments in glass present an
explosion or implosion hazard!
Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
25
Physical Hazards in the Laboratory
  • Autoclaves Heat and Steam
  • Heat-resistant gloves
  • Lab coat or apron
  • Cryogens (Liquid Nitrogen)
  • Thermal gloves
  • Lab coat
  • Faceshield

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
26
Module Interactive
  • In the space provided, list the physical hazards
    you expect to encounter in your laboratory work.
    Next to each item, identify the personal
    protective equipment (PPE) that you will need to
    safely work with these hazards.

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
27
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to reduce your exposure to physical
    hazards in the lab.
  • Identify work that poses a physical hazard.
  • Use the protective equipment available to guard
    against these hazards.

Module 3 Laboratory Hazards and Safety
28
MODULE 4 EXPOSURE
29
Chemical Exposure
  • Physical and Health Hazards
  • Exposure Routes
  • Toxicity

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
30
Physical Hazards
  • Chemical Burns(acids and caustics)
  • Physical Burn (flammable/ combustible)
  • Explosion (chemical reaction or compressed gases)
  • Asphyxiation (lack of oxygen)

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
31
Health Hazards
  • Irritant
  • Allergen/Sensitizer
  • Reproductive/Developmental Toxin
  • Carcinogen
  • Target Organ Effects
  • Chemical Asphyxiant

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
32
Routes of Exposure
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • Ingestion
  • Injection

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
33
Pinholes compromise the permeability of the glove
Fumes from volatile solvents can be breathed in
Working with potentially contaminated gloves
A cut from contaminated glass provides direct
chemical contact
Module 4 Chemical Exposure
34
Module Interactive
Avoid wearing gloves to open doors or touch door
handles, for the safety of others.
  1. What is the rationale for this rule?
  2. By which route(s) could contaminated gloves lead
    to exposure?

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
35
Chemical Toxicity
  • All substances are poisons there is none which
    is not a poison. The right dose differentiates a
    poison from a remedy.
  • -Paracelsus (1493-1541)

Acute Chronic
Exposure Duration Sudden and severe exposure of high concentrations into the body Prolonged or repeated exposure over days, months or years. Concentrations vary may be very little
Health Risks Highly symptomatic, reversible health effects with medical treatment Typically non-symptomatic in early stages, irreversible health effects
Examples Cyanide poisoning Concentrated vapors Lead poisoningBreathing dust
Module 4 Chemical Exposure
36
Exposure Limits
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • 8-hour time weighted exposure for a workers
    lifetime
  • Based upon chemical toxicity
  • Quantitative assessments are only safe means to
    determine exposure
  • Smells and Odors are not good indicators of
    exposure

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
37
Module Interactive
Identify whether the condition is the result of
acute or chronic exposure.
  1. A burning sensation in the eyes from an ammonia
    splash
  2. Numbness of the hands from decades of work with
    n-hexane
  3. Tremors and coma from dermal absorption of an
    organophosphorous insecticide
  4. Hepatitis from daily exposure, over a period of
    years, to chloroform

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
38
Module Checkpoint
  • Know how to protect yourself from exposure to
    chemicals in the lab
  • Understand routes of exposure
  • Understand that chemicals can have acute and
    chronic health effects

Module 4 Chemical Exposure
39
MODULE 5 HAZCOM
40
Hazard Communication
  • Chemical Hygiene Plan
  • Chemical Labeling
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

Module 5 Hazard Communication
41
The Lab Standard
  • OSHA Regulation 29 CFR 1910.1450Occupational
    Exposure to Chemicals in the Laboratory
  • Defines requirements for laboratories
  • Chemical Hygiene Plan
  • On-the-job training for employees
  • Hazard data of chemicals used(Material Safety
    Data Sheets)

Module 5 Hazard Communication
42
Chemical Hygiene Plan
  • Found on the EHS website
  • in Tab 6 of the Location Safety Manual
  • http//webster/EHS/safety.html
  • Defines safe practices for chemical handling
  • Identifies exposure control measures implemented
  • Lists facility policies for treatment of exposure

Module 5 Hazard Communication
43
Storage Cabinet and Room Labeling
  • Visible labeling on cabinets containing
  • Acids or corrosive materials
  • Flammable or combustible materials
  • Entrances to areas containing hazards should
    identify
  • Hazards present
  • Area supervisor and contact number

Module 5 Hazard Communication
44
Hazard Warnings
  • Know the hazards before handling chemicals
  • Harmful or Toxic
  • Flammable or Combustible
  • Corrosive
  • Oxidizer
  • Peroxidizable
  • Reactive
  • Particularly Hazardous Substances (carcinogens,
    teratogens, mutagens)

Module 5 Hazard Communication
45
Labeling Hazardous Chemicals
  • Labeling is required on all containers
  • Manufacturers original container
  • Secondary/dispensing containers
  • Waste containers
  • Labeling on USDA secondary containers must
    include
  • Complete name(s) of chemicals and concentrations
  • Hazardous warning statement
  • Date opened (for peroxidizable chemicals)
  • Labels must be readable at all times replace
    worn/degraded labels
  • Check solvent container labels

Module 5 Hazard Communication
46
Chemical Labeling
  • Specific hazards are defined in the white portion
    of the diamond.

Module 5 Hazard Communication
47
Hazard Communication
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • Hazards and precautions
  • Physical and chemical incompatibilities
  • Emergency action procedures(First aid,
    accidental release)

Module 5 Hazard Communication
48
Module 5 Hazard Communication
49
Module Interactive
The MSDS in this presentation is in your
informational pamphlet. Use the MSDS to answer
the following questions.
  1. Which section has first aid information?
  2. List the fire extinguishers recommended for use.
  3. What is the NFPA health hazard rating for
    acetonitrile?
  4. Identify the exposure limit for this chemical.
  5. What chemicals should not be stored with
    acetonitrile?

Module 5 Hazard Communication
50
MSDS and Informational Sources
  • http//webster/EHS/page9.html
  • Main Building, 3rd Floor computer
    room(electronic data files)
  • ToxNet Additional source for chemical hazard
    data
  • http//toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/

Module 5 Hazard Communication
51
Module Checkpoint
  • Recognize warnings on chemical containers and
    take necessary precautions
  • Recognize warnings on doors and cabinets
  • Refer to MSDS to learn important facts about the
    chemicals, especially hazards and exposure
    response procedures

Module 5 Hazard Communication
52
MODULE 6 CONTROLS
53
Exposure Control Methods
  • Engineering Controls
  • Administrative Controls
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
54
Exposure Controls
  • Control Hierarchy
  • Engineering Controls
  • Administrative Controls
  • Substitution
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
55
Chemical Fume Hood
  • Used for all work with volatiles
  • Optimal air flow conditions
  • Keep baffles clear
  • Hood sash at recommended setting
  • Adjust baffles settings accordingly
  • Work at least 4-6 inches into the hood
  • Not for chemical storage
  • Keep ignition sources out

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
56
Ventilation Controls
  • Local Exhaust Systems
  • Fume Hoods
  • Balance Enclosures
  • Snorkels
  • Dilution Ventilation
  • Low Toxicity Contaminants
  • Diffuse Contaminant Sources

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
57
Biosafety Cabinet
  • Type II A
  • 70 air recirculated within enclosure (HEPA
    filtered)
  • 30 air HEPA filtered and exhausted into the room
  • Type II B2
  • 100 air is HEPA filtered and exhausted to
    outside
  • For use with volatiles and radionuclides

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
58
Other Engineering Controls
  • Laminar flow, or clean bench
  • Ventilated balance enclosures
  • Ultraviolet (UV) lamps
  • UV light poses an exposure hazard
  • Use appropriate PPE

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
59
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Laboratory Dress Code
  • Face and Eye Protection
  • Safety Glasses
  • Prescription Glasses
  • Goggles
  • Faceshield
  • Body Protection
  • Lab Coat
  • Apron
  • Shoes
  • Shoe covers
  • Hearing Protection
  • Earplugs
  • Earmuffs

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
60
Glove Selection
  • Use proper gloves for physical hazards
  • Friction (work/sharps/broken glass)
  • Thermal (cryogens/heat)
  • Handling chemicals
  • Latex
  • Nitrile
  • Vinyl
  • Butyl
  • Based on chemicalUse compatibility chart

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
61
Assessment Activity
  • Note the major hazards in your laboratory and
    specific control measures implemented in your
    lab. For example, with each chemical you will
    use, consider the following
  • Is there a less hazardous chemical that could be
    used instead?
  • What engineering controls (e.g., fume hood,
    glove box, etc.) are needed when working with
    this chemical?
  • Are there any special procedures or SOPs that
    need to be followed when working with this
    chemical?
  • What PPE (e.g., goggles, face shield, gloves
    (specify type), etc.) must be worn when working
    with this chemical?

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
62
Module Checkpoint
  • Reduce your risk to exposure by knowing the
    hazards of chemicals and materials.
  • Hazardous materials have both physical and health
    exposure risks.
  • A proper combination of administrative and
    engineering controls helps minimize the risks of
    exposure.
  • Select PPE based on the hazards of the substances
    you are using.
  • Know basic emergency response measures.

Module 6 Exposure Control Methods
63
Video Presentations
64
MODULE 7 PROCUREMENT
65
Chemical Management
  • Example of the CIS/Pro Chemical Inventory
    Software
  • Chemical Ordering and Inventory
  • Chemical Storage
  • Safe Handling Practices

Module 7 Chemical Management
66
Chemical Ordering
  • Supervisors approve purchases
  • Supervisor approval for new materials
  • Received chemicals are processed
  • Container(s) barcoded
  • Entered into chemical inventory

Module 7 Chemical Management
67
CISPro Inventory Software
  • Container-Based Tracking System
  • Linked to Barcode Identification
  • Material Identification
  • Hazard and Container Information
  • Ownership and Location Identification
  • Regulatory Requirements

Log in at http//chemsw Contact your EHS office
for a User Account
Module 7 Chemical Management
68
CISPro Inventory Software
  • Laboratory Users Must
  • Relocate Moved Containers
  • Receiving Cylinders / Stockroom
  • Lab Exchanges
  • Dispose of Empty Containers
  • Keep Accurate Lab Inventories
  • Use System to Reduce Waste
  • Know Hazard Data and MSDS Utilities
  • Instructions Posted on Locations SHEM SharePoint
    sites

Module 7 Chemical Management
69
CISPro Inventory Software
Module 7 Chemical Management
70
CISPro Inventory Software
Module 7 Chemical Management
71
CISPro Inventory Software
Module 7 Chemical Management
72
Chemical Storage
  • Use proper secondary containment
  • Do not store chemicals on floor or in fume hoods
  • Store chemicals below eye level
  • Label stock solutions clearly
  • Keep original labels on all containers
  • Segregate chemicals by hazard never store
    alphabetically or randomly
  • Use shelving with seismic lips or restraints(for
    locations at risk to earthquakes)

Module 7 Chemical Management
73
Chemical Storage
  • Keep track of time-sensitive chemicals
  • Many solvents and reagents form unstable
    peroxides
  • Ethers, Furans
  • Dispose before they form peroxide crystals or dry
    out
  • Some chemicals must be stored in water
  • Picric acid (keep hydrated)
  • Date each time-sensitive chemical upon opening
    the container

Module 7 Chemical Management
74
Chemical Storage
  • When is it time to dispose of a chemical?
  • Chemicals without an identified use
  • Outdated chemicals
  • Unknowns (missing or degraded label)
  • Unsafe or unstable chemicals
  • Chemicals with unknown users and/or uses

Handle dried-up or crystalized chemicals with
extreme care peroxide crystals are highly
unstable and can explode.
Module 7 Chemical Management
75
Safe Handling Procedures
  • Wear proper personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Review the material safety data sheets (MSDS)
  • Check container for special instructions
  • Know the location of emergency safety equipment
  • Minimize amounts of hazardous materials

Module 7 Chemical Management
76
Safe Handling Procedures
  • Know the hazards associated with chemicals in the
    lab
  • Never smell or taste a chemical
  • Avoid direct contact with any chemical
  • Do not smoke, drink, eat, or apply cosmetics in
    the lab

Module 7 Chemical Management
77
Safe Handling Procedures
  • Use adequate ventilation
  • Keep metal surfaces grounded
  • Do not remove labels on original containers
  • Label all dispensing containers
  • Chemical name
  • Primary hazards

Module 7 Chemical Management
78
Module Interactive
Use the Chemical Compatibility chart in your
informational pamphlet to determine if the
following chemicals are compatible for storage.
  1. Organic solvent organic pesticide/poison
  2. Oxidizer organic acid
  3. Inorganic acid water reactive
  4. Organic poison inorganic poison
  5. Inorganic acid oxidizer

Module 7 Chemical Management
79
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to maintain the safety of chemicals
    in the laboratory
  • Use the chemical inventory system to manage
    chemicals
  • Use secondary containment for storage or
    transport to reduce the potential for a chemical
    spill or release
  • Store chemicals only with compatible materials
  • Dispose of obsolete chemicals

Module 7 Chemical Management
80
MODULE 8 TRANSPORT
81
Shipping and Transport
  • Regulatory Agencies and Requirements
  • Packaging and Labeling

Module 8 Shipping and Transport
82
Regulatory Agencies
  • Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • DOT regulations apply to any shipment
    transported by vehicle on public roads (includes
    all city streets, highways and freeways)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • IATA/ICAO are international agencies which are
    nearly harmonious with DOT and apply to air
    carriers

Module 8 Shipping and Transport
83
Requirements for Shipping Chemicals
  • Classify and identify the material
  • Package material appropriately
  • Label, mark, and seal the package
  • Complete a Dangerous Goods Declaration
  • When in doubt, ask your Safety contact

Module 8 Shipping and Transport
84
DOT Hazard Classes
  1. Explosives
  2. Compressed Gases
  3. Flammable Liquids
  4. Flammable Solids
  5. Oxidizers
  6. Toxic Substances
  7. Radioactive Materials
  8. Corrosive Materials
  9. Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

Shipping Note Objects shipped with dry ice must
have a DOT Class 9 label on the outer packaging
Module 8 Shipping and Transport
85
Packaging, Labeling and Marking
  • Example
  • 0.5 liters acetone
  • Plastic inner packaging
  • Absorbent
  • Fiberboard box

Acetone UN1090 LTD QTY
To From
3
Module 8 Shipping and Transport
86
Packaging, Labeling and Marking
  • Regulations
  • Safety
  • In case of spill or injury
  • Liability for Damages
  • Customs
  • Homeland Security

Module 8 Shipping and Transport
87
Module Checkpoint
  • Know how to properly prepare a package for
    shipping
  • Use the appropriate warning and hazard labels
  • Consult with the location Safety contact if you
    are unsure of the packaging requirements of your
    shipment

Module 8 Shipping and Transport
88
MODULE 9 HAZ WASTE
89
Hazardous Waste
  • Proper Disposal
  • Storage and Labeling
  • Waste Minimization

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
90
Hazardous Waste
  • Chemical waste with these characteristics are
    considered hazardous waste
  • Flammability
  • Corrosive materials
  • Reactive materials
  • Toxic substances
  • Specifically listed hazardous substances

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
91
Proper Disposal
  • Waste must be properly disposed of
  • Never attempt to dispose waste by
  • Pouring waste down the drain
  • Diluting with water to compromise criteria
  • East Bay MUD sewer discharge limit of 5.5 pH
  • No strong acids down the drain
  • Evaporating volatiles in fume hoods
  • Disposing in non-regulated trash

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
92
Disposing of Containers
  • A container may be thrown away or recycled if
  • Empty by California Law
  • Triple-rinsed
  • Did not contain an extremely hazardous
    substance (See Tab 4 of Safety Manual)
  • 5 gallons or less in capacityCalifornia
    empty means nothing remains in the container

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
93
Hazardous Waste
Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAA)
  • Set the SAA location at or near the point of
    generation
  • Keep incompatible wastes segregated
  • Keep containers closed when not in use
  • Storage limit of 6 months
  • Submit request form to have removed or emptied

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
94
  • Satellite Accumulation Areas
  • Select appropriate containers
  • Closing glass or plastic bottlesfor strong acids
    and causitcs
  • Closing plastic or amber bottlesfor
    liquids/solvents
  • Sealable containers for dry waste
  • Requirements
  • Proper labeling (example shown)
  • Secondary containment
  • Include the required information

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
95
1. Chemical waste generated in the labs is
collected in a Satellite Accumulation Area (SAA).
3. The waste is prepared for transport by a
certified waste hauler to a Treatment/Storage/
Disposal Facility (TSDF).
2. The waste is collected and transferred to a
main Waste Accumulation Area (WAA).
Module 9 Hazardous Waste
96
Hazardous Waste Pickup
  • Waste Pickup Information
  • Pickups are scheduled by Lab Management
  • The waste containers must be prepared prior to
    pickup
  • Additional requirements apply to
  • Mixed waste
  • Lecture bottles
  • Unstable or reactive chemicals
  • Unknown waste
  • Remove containers from inventory before disposing
  • Non-compliant waste will not be picked up!

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
97
Waste Minimization
  • Minimize chemical purchases
  • Use existing chemical stockroom supplies
  • Reduce orders to only what you need
  • Practice effective cleanup techniques
  • Participate in your facilitys recycling program

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
98
Module Interactive
From the list below, identify the necessary
information required on the label of a Satellite
Accumulation Area (SAA) waste container.
  • Generator name
  • Color of waste
  • Name(s) of contents
  • Date started
  • Weight of container
  • Form of waste
  • Size of container
  • Presence of odors
  • Date sealed
  • NFPA diamond
  • Location of container
  • Date removed

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
99
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to ensure that waste at the facility
    is properly managed and disposed
  • Store your hazardous lab waste in a satellite
    accumulation areas (SAA)
  • Use proper labeling on waste containers
  • Reduce your facilitys waste output by ordering
    only what will be used

Module 9 Hazardous Waste
100
MODULE 10 EMS PROGRAM
101
Environmental Management System
  • The EMS
  • Mitigating Environmental Impacts

Module 10 Environmental Management System
102
Environmental Management System (EMS)
  • Goals to reduceenvironmental impacts
  • Increases awareness
  • Program monitoredand audited
  • Continuous improvement

Module 10 Environmental Management System
103
Environmental Fenceline
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Air
  • Runoff groundwater
  • Soil
  • Impacted Areas
  • Residential Areas
  • Schools
  • Parklands
  • Streams and Drainage Systems
  • Open Waters

Module 10 Environmental Management System
104
Environmental Regulatory Oversight
  • Regulatory Oversight and Enforcement
  • EPA and State/EPA (DTSC)
  • Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB)
  • Counties
  • Municipal Utilities Districts
  • Air Quality Management Districts

Module 10 Environmental Management System
105
EMS Program Objectives
  • Reduce
  • Energy Consumption
  • Air Pollution
  • Atmospheric Impacts
  • Potential for Facility Contamination and Exposure
  • Risk and Mitigate Impacts of Environmental
    Release
  • Potential for Stormwater Contamination
  • Consumption of Natural Resources
  • Generation of Solid Wastes / Increase Recycling

Module 10 Environmental Management System
106
Mitigating Environmental Impacts
  • Facility Measures
  • Abatement Control Devices
  • Energy-Efficient Lighting
  • Boiler and Generator Fuel Restrictions and Limits
  • Recycling and E-Waste
  • Laboratory Measures
  • Chemical Inventory System
  • Hazardous Waste Management
  • Sewer Discharge Limits and Monitoring

Module 10 Environmental Management System
107
Mitigating Environmental Impacts
  • Pollution Prevention (P2)
  • Reduction of pollution at the source
  • Minimizing/substituting hazardous materials
  • Efficient use of resources/raw materials
  • Greening the Government
  • Increased recycling and use of recycled materials
  • Reduce use of environmentally hazardous materials
  • Efficient use of power and fuels

Module 10 Environmental Management System
108
Module Interactive
Benzene is a flammable, volatile solvent. It is
dangerous to the environment and is a known
carcinogen.
  1. Describe 3 ways this substance can find its way
    into the environment from a laboratory.
  2. Identify a way (for each case) to help prevent
    this environmental impact from occurring.

Module 10 Environmental Management System
109
Module 10 Environmental Management System
110
Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to minimize the facilitys impact on
    the environment
  • Be aware of your facilitys environmental
    programs
  • Think about what waste materials you produce can
    be recycled

Module 10 Environmental Management System
111
MODULE 11 EMERGENCIES
112
Emergency Response
  • Emergency Situations
  • Evacuation Procedures
  • Responding to Injuries

Module 11 Emergency Response
113
Emergency Support
  • First-Aid Response Team
  • Spill Response Team
  • OM Service Desk
  • Location Support Services
  • Center Directors Office
  • After Hours Answering ServiceOutside Emergency
    Response

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Emergency Situations
  • What should you do in an emergency?You are
    expected to SIN at a minimum.
  • Safety - ensure your personal safety FIRST!
  • Isolation - alert co-workers to clear out and
    away from the emergency scene
  • Notification - call the appropriate emergency
    numbers

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Emergency Situations
  • Building Alarm
  • Earthquake
  • Medical Emergency
  • Civil Disturbance
  • Power Outage
  • Criminal Activity
  • Industrial Accident
  • Chemical, Biological or Radioactive Spills or
    Personal Contamination

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Know Your Surroundings
  • Note the locations emergency safety equipment
  • Spill Control Station
  • First-Aid Kit
  • Eyewash Station
  • Emergency Shower
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Fire Pull Station

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Using a Fire Extinguisher
  • Intended only for small fires
  • Notify co-workers of any fire situation
  • Pull fire alarm (if appropriate)
  • Use PASS Method
  • Pull pin, aim, squeeze, sweep
  • Notify your location safety contact

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Emergency Evacuations
  • Recognize the emergency announcement system and
    alarms
  • Familiarizing yourself with the evacuation maps
  • Knowing at least two escape routes
  • Elevators are not an option in an evacuation

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Emergency Evacuations
  • In the event of an evacuation
  • Proceed immediately to the assembly area
  • Close corridor doors as you leave
  • Check in with your supervisor
  • Assist visitors and guests
  • Do not leave the assembly area without permission
  • Do not re-enter until the All Clear has been
    made

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Emergency Evacuations
  • In the event of an evacuation know the location
    of your assembly area.
  • Stay off the roadways to allow access for
    emergency vehicles.

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Module Interactive
  • In the event of an emergency, such as a chemical
    spill, your immediate response is to SIN.
    Briefly, describe an action you would take in
    each step of SINning.
  • Remember

Safety Isolation Notification
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Injuries Lessons Learned
  • InjuryAn incubation flask became stuck to
    sticky strips on platform of incubator. A lab
    employee pried flask loose, causing it to shatter
    and lacerations to hand.

Lesson Learned If applying force to glassware,
wear cut-resistant gloves. Use minimal force at
first to test the resistance of the sticky strip.
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Injuries Lessons Learned
  • Injury
  • An employee heated plant growth media in a
    threaded media bottle (cap loosened / Non Pyrex)
    then rapidly cooled the bottle under cold water
    causing bottle to explode resulting in deep
    incision over left eye.

Lesson Learned Wear eye protection remove caps
or plugs prior to heating media quick cool glass
only if it is tempered (Pyrex)
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Injuries Lessons Learned
  • InjuryAn employee forced a glass pipette into
    pipetting device. The pipette shattered and the
    jagged end punctured the palm of hand, requiring
    several stitches.

Lesson Learned Seek a mechanical aid to load
glass pipettes if there is no mechanical aid,
wear puncture-resistant gloves for the task
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Injuries Lessons Learned
  • InjuryAn employee received a blistered
    frostbite burn from contact with liquid nitrogen
    from a dewar tank

Lesson Learned Wear thermal gloves Avoid
contact with the valves and hoses, and stay clear
of the dispensing end of the hose
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Module Checkpoint
  • Do your part to keep the building safe
  • Report unusual occurrences to your supervisor
  • Use the SIN system to respond to emergency
    situations
  • Keep track of your guests at all times
  • In an evacuation, exit the building immediately
    and go to your assembly area
  • When an incident occurs, call for help right away

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END OF MODULES
128
Wrap Up
  • Report unsafe conditions, safety concerns, or
    safety suggestions
  • Submit safety suggestions to supervisor, EHS
    Website, or the Location EHS Office
  • Safety information is available from the EHS
    website (http//webster/EHS/safety.html)
    including
  • Safety Committee members and meeting minutes
  • EHS Contacts
  • Safety policies and chemical hazard information
  • And much more

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Challenge Exam
  • Print and complete the attached exam
  • NEO Lab Quiz
  • Submit your completed exam sheet to either your
  • Location Safety Office
  • Collateral Duty Safety Officer (CDSO)
  • Thank you for taking this training.

Challenge Exam
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