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New Line in Agricultural Technology

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Title: New Line in Agricultural Technology


1
New Line in Agricultural Technology
Shih-Hsun Hsu National Taiwan University
2
CONTENTS
  • Introduction
  • Agricultural Sector and Macroeconomic Situation
    in Taiwan
  • New Challenges
  • Strategies for Transformation of Agriculture in
    the New Century
  • New Line in agricultural Technology
  • Conclusions

3
INTRODUCTION
Factors for successful agri. Development 1.
Sino-American Joint Commission on Rural
Reconstruction (JCRR) 2. land reform 3.
farmers organizations 4. technical research
institutions 5. supporting extension services
6. rural infrastructure
4
INTRODUCTION
Taiwans agriculture used to pursue the land
productivity by using intensive workforce, while
the large-scale farming trade partners are
pursing capital return ignoring land productivity.
5
INTRODUCTION
Traditional industry, such as Agriculture, can
develop into a knowledge-based industry through
inducement, innovation and application of
knowledge.
6
INTRODUCTION
Agriculture has to be transformed from what used
to be a traditional quantity economy into the
development of knowledge-based economy.
7
INTRODUCTION
New competition-oriented policies e.g.,
promote agri. Strategic alliance, development of
biotechnology, agri. Processing industry, leisure
industry Upgrade agri. From primary, secondary,
to tertiary status
8
INTRODUCTION
Agricultural technology not only includes
automation, biology, and genetic engineering, but
also economic, cultural and medical
knowledge Institutional Innovation is also
important!
9
Agricultural Sector and Macroeconomic Situation
in Taiwan
10
Cultivated Land Area in Taiwan
11
Industrial Origin of Gross Domestic Product in
Taiwan
12
Employed population in Taiwan
13
Ratios of Employed population in Taiwan
14
Per Household Income of Farm and Non-farm
Families in Taiwan
15
Sources of Farm Income in Taiwan--- Per
Household Income ---
16
New Challenges
17
International Challenges
  • Accelerated liberalization of agricultural trade
    (regionalism, multilateralism)
  • International concerns on food security
  • Urgent need for environmental conservation

18
Domestic Challenges
  • Accelerated pace on structure adjustment
  • Emerging agri.-related advanced technology
    brought into agriculture and farming operation
  • Rural reconstruction and farmers welfare
  • Multi-dimentional impacts on farmers
    organizations
  • New concepts created by knowlegde-based economy
    (knowledge v.s., traditional production factors)

19
Strategies for Transformation of Agriculture in
the New Century (COAs New program of the 21st
Century) 2001-2004
20
Goals
1.Develop knowledge-based economy, and apply
technical and cultural knowledge to upgrade
agriculture and its competitiveness
21
Goals
2.Ensure food security, produce high quality,
sanitary and safe products, and protect
consumers rights
22
Goals
3.Increase the living quality of rural villages,
set up farmers social security safety net to
further increase farmers income and welfare
23
Goals
4.Improve agricultural resource quality and
utilization efficiency emphasize soil
conservation and protection to promote the
harmony of ecological environment.
24
Strategies
1. Organizing and promoting Taiwans Agricultural
Strategic Alliance to develop economics of scale
and technical efficiency (The case of Taiwan
Tilapia Strategic Alliance )
25
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26
Strategies
2.Developing food processing industry and
increasing agricultural operation with
industrialization
27
Strategies
3.Developing high-quality agricultural and
recreational business to enlarge the scope of
farm operation
28
Strategies
4.Strengthening farmland management, increasing
the efficiency of farmland utilization
29
Strategies
5.Developing key agricultural technology, setting
up information system and modernizing marketing
environment
30
Strategies
6.Creating and planning rural commune zone,
accelerating the reconstruction of rural and
fishing villages
31
Strategies
7.Maintaining bio-diversity enhancing
conservation on mountain area, and preventing
natural disaster to upgrade the ecological
environment quality
32
Strategies
8.Amending and establishing related regulations,
re-organizing farmers organizations and
establishing mechanization for implementing
highly effective policy
33
Vision for Agricultural Development in the 21th
Century
34
Visions
  • Technology-led agriculture
  • Economy-led agriculture
  • Culture-led agriculture
  • Recreation-led agriculture
  • Ecology-led agriculture

35
New Line in Agricultural Technology
36
FLOWERS
  • Oncidium
  • Butterfly Orchid
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Flamingo
  • Eustoma
  • Malabar chestnut
  • Green Belgian

37
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44
SEAFOOD
  • Taiwan Tilapia
  • Chanos (Milk fish)
  • Acrossocheilus paradoxus
  • Meretrix Iusoria
  • Blood Parrot

45
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50
VEGETABLES
  • Cabbage
  • Chinese Cabbage
  • Bamboo Shoots
  • Water Bamboos
  • Sweet Corn
  • Onions

51
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57
FRUITS
  • Bananas
  • Pineapples
  • Papayas
  • Guavas
  • Wax Apples
  • Litchi, Lychee
  • Carambola
  • Grapes
  • Ponkan
  • Indian Jujube
  • Sand Pears
  • Shaddocks
  • Lemons

58
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71
Agricultural Biotechology
72
Precision Farming Technology
73
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
  • Global Positioning System, GPS
  • Remote Sensing
  • Soil Data set
  • Geographic Information Systems, GIS
  • Agri. automation

74
Major Applications of - precision
agriculture -
  • Crop acreage survey
  • Production estimation
  • Natural disaster damage investigation
  • Infectious crop disease outbreak monitoring

75
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
  • Global Positioning System, GPS

76
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
  • Remote Sensing
  • Soil Data set
  • Geographic Information Systems, GIS

77
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
From Academia Sinica Computing Centre (ASCC)
http//www.ascc.net/
78
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
30??????????
3D????
79
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
  • Agri Automation system

Automatic Sprayer
80
Agriculture related advanced technology
- precision agriculture -
  • Automation of Rice Post-harvest Systems

81
E-commerce Technology
82
Key strategies in the plan for National
Development in the New Century for 2001-2004
  • Accelerating high-net development, digitalization
    of government database
  • Upgrading research standards, reinforcing
    protection of intellectual property rights
  • Strengthening development of information
    hardware, promoting electronic documentation and
    paperless office, e-commerce (B2C EC, B2B EC)

83
Agriculture related advanced technology
- E-Commerce -
Trading Information Processing System (TIPS)
84
Agriculture related advanced technology
- E-Commerce -
  • ????????

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85
Agriculture related advanced technology
- E-Commerce -
?????
http//www.brandfoods.org.tw/
????? http//ec.greener.com.
tw/cropmall/
86
Agriculture related advanced technology
- E-Commerce -
????? http//ubox.greener.com.tw/
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