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Traders of the Mediterranean Sea

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Historians believe Minoans traded with Egypt, Syria and influenced Greek Culture ... Alphabet was needed to keep records and transactions of trades. 3. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Traders of the Mediterranean Sea


1
Traders of the Mediterranean Sea
  • Minoan Phoenician Societies

2
1. Geography
  • Minoans, a powerful sea-faring people dominated
    the Mediterranean from 2000 to 1400 B.C.E
  • They lived on Crete, a large island in the
    southern part of the Aegean Sea

3
1. Geography
  • The Capital city of Knossos, did not have any
    protection beside the sea
  • Minoan society was named after King Minos

4
2. Minoan Culture
  • The Legendary King owned a half-bull half man
    that the King would offer sacrifices to
  • Paintings have been discovered showing young men
    fighting and leaping over bulls this ceremony
    probably had religious and rites of passages
    ramifications
  • Minoans were also believed to have sacrificed
    bulls and sometimes people to the gods

5
2. Minoan Society
  • Minoan Society believed in mother goddess that
    ruled the Island, she was often depicted with
    animals and flowers
  • Historians also believe women were allowed to
    become priest
  • Historians believe Minoans traded with Egypt,
    Syria and influenced Greek Culture

6
2. Minoan Society
  • Minoan Language was pictographic and has never
    been decoded
  • Minoan legacy was its art and influence and trade
    with other societies
  • Minoan society was done in by natural disasters
    earthquakes followed by tidal waves

7
3. Phoenician Society
  • Phoenicians, the most powerful traders on the
    Mediterranean Sea around 1500 B.C.E, lived in
    modern day Lebanon
  • Looked to towards the sea, because the land did
    not provide needs for civilization

8
3. Phoenician Society
  • Phoenicians set up City-States or trading posts
    along the Mediterranean Sea
  • Phoenicians not only traded goods, and dyes
    (which they were famous for) but culture and
    ideas

9
3. Phoenician Society
  • Tyre and Sidon are some of the early cities
    established by the Phoenicians One of the
    Phoenician trading post Carthage (Africa) latter
    on becomes a major city in the Mediterranean
  • The Phoenicians greatest legacy was the their
    alphabet an ancient ancestor to our alphabet was
    based on symbols standing for sounds
  • Alphabet was needed to keep records and
    transactions of trades

10
3. Phoenician Society
  • Phoenician trades routes connected major bodies
    of water Mediterranean, Red, Arabian Sea
  • Trade routes brought goods Culture exchange
    from Middle East, India China
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