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Industries and Occupations

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21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers ... Forever up to 2,000 BC. Transformation to a industrial economy 1920-1980 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industries and Occupations


1
Industries and Occupations
2
Industry
  • From Standard Industrial Code to North American
    Industry Classification System (1997)

3
  • NAICS
  • Agriculture, forestry
  • Mining
  • Construction
  • Manufacturing
  • Wholesale trade
  • Retail trade
  • Public sector
  • Standard Industrial Code
  • Agriculture, forestry
  • Mining
  • Construction
  • Manufacturing
  • Wholesale trade
  • Retail trade
  • Public sector

4
  • Transportation, comm. utilities
  • Finance, insurance, real estate
  • Services
  • Transportation and warehousing
  • Utilities
  • Information
  • Finance and insurance
  • Real estate
  • Professional, scientific,services
  • Management services
  • Administrative and support services
  • Educational services
  • Health care and social services
  • Art, entertainment, and recreation
  • Accommodation and food services
  • Other services

5
Workplaces
  • Establishment
  • Employing organization
  • Government (federal, state, local, other)
  • Not for profits
  • Franchises

6
  • In the United States, most workers in private
    enterprise work for small businesses (57.4
    million compared to 56 million in large firms.
    Smaller firms with fewer than 100 employees
    employed 41.0 million.) U.S. Census 2005.
  • Small businesses

7
Occupations
  • Occupation
  • White collar vs. blue collar occupations
  • Blue collar manual labor people who worked
    with their hands in extractive industries,
    construction, and factories.

8
Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • Replaced by ONET system and SOC (Standard
    Occupational Classification) System in 1999.
  • Updated in 2003
  • Information on 950 occupations (ONET), 821 SOC
    system

9
Occupational Classification Schemes
  • Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • ONET classification based on skills
  • Standard Occupational Classification System (SOC)
    system

10
Standard Occupational Classification
11
Principles of Classification
  • Covers all occupations performed for pay or
    profit and work in family operations. Does not
    include work of volunteers.

12
  • Supervisors who spend at least 20 of time
    performing work similar to occupations supervised
    are classified with occupations they supervise.

13
Occupational Prestige
  • Overall respect with which an occupation held
  • Flexibility and responsibility assoc. with
    occupation

14
21-000 Community and Social Services Occupations
  • 21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social
    Workers
  • Assess and treat individuals with mental,
    emotional, or substance abuse problems, including
    abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs.
    Activities may include individual and group
    therapy, crisis intervention,case management,
    client advocacy, prevention, and education.

15
  • 21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional
    Treatment Specialists
  • Provide social services to assist in
    rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on
    probation or parole.Make recommendations for
    actions involving formulation of rehabilitation
    plan and treatment of offender,including
    conditional release and education and employment
    stipulations.

16
11-0000 Management Occupations
  • 11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers
  • Plan, organize, or coordinate the activities of
    a social service program or community outreach
    organization.Oversee the program or
    organization's budget and policies regarding
    participant involvement, program requirements,
    and benefits. Work may involve directing social
    workers, counselors, or probation officers.

17
13-000 Business and Financial Operations
Occupations
  • 13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis
    Specialists
  • Conduct programs of compensation and benefits and
    job analysis for employer. May specialize in
    specificareas, such as position classification
    and pension programs.

18
Sectoral Transformation of the Labor Force
  • Jobs in hunting and gathering societies
  • Forever up to 2,000 BC
  • Transformation to a industrial economy 1920-1980
  • Transformation to service economy

19
Percent of non-farm, private sector employment
in industrial sectors
20
Service Occupations
  • Huge and rapidly growing occupational group

21
Characteristics
  • Low productivity (?)
  • Insatiable demand

22
Kinds of Services
  • Business or Producer Services
  • Personal Services
  • Retail Services

23
Changes in Service Occupations
  • Emotional care
  • Compensation

24
Reasons for the shift from manufacturing to
services
  • Movement from unpaid services (child care) to
    paid provision of services

25
  • Response to more disposable income
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