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Air Force Occupational Safety and Health

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Make sure fireworks are legal where you live ... Don't let small children play with fireworks or set them off ... Set off fireworks on a hard, flat surface ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Air Force Occupational Safety and Health


1
101 DAYS OF SUMMER 2009
2
Fireworks
  • During the past 10 years, about a third of the
    injuries associated with fireworks have been
    caused by illegal explosives or homemade
    fireworks
  • Check local laws. Make sure fireworks are legal
    where you live
  • If legal, know what kinds are legal and what
    kinds aren't
  • Don't let small children play with fireworks or
    set them off
  • Read the warnings, rules and instructions
  • Wear eye protection and keep all body parts out
    of the line of fire

3
Fireworks
  • Make sure the audience is out of range of
    misfired or misdirected rockets and Roman candles
  • Set off fireworks on a hard, flat surface away
    from flammables
  • Wait several minutes before walking up to a
    firework that didn't go off. Don't try to relight
    duds or misfires. Soak them in water
  • Have a bucket of water or a garden hose nearby
  • Buy fireworks from reliable retailers
  • Never experiment with fireworks or try to make
    homemade ones
  • Avoid storing fireworks for extended periods. If
    you must, store them in a cool, dry place

4
Fireworks
  • When the show is over, soak the expended
    fireworks and dispose of them in a trash
    container
  • M-80s and "blockbusters" are not legal fireworks
    they are dangerous, banned explosives. Avoid
    anything that isn't clearly labeled with the name
    of the product, the manufacturer's name and
    instructions for proper use
  • If you attend a professional display
  • You don't need to get close. The best view is
    from several hundred yards away
  • If debris falls nearby, don't touch it
  • Leave pets at home. Dogs, in particular, can have
    their hearing damaged by the explosions

5
Grilling and Cooking Out
  • Here's how to make sure that starting a fire or
    getting burned isn't
  • on the menu
  • Keep your grill at least three feet from your
    house, trees or bushes
  • Use starter fluid made especially for barbecue
    grills. Follow the instructions about how to
    apply and light it
  • Don't squirt starter fluid on a fire you've
    already tried to start
  • Never use gasoline to try to start or restart
    charcoal. Gasoline is incredibly explosive and
    dangerous
  • Keep children away from the grill while you are
    cooking, and after you finish while the grill is
    still hot
  • Don't leave lit grills unattended

6
Grilling and Cooking Out
  • If you have a gas grill, make sure you read and
    follow the instructions about how to use and
    store it
  • Make sure the valves work and that you are
    completely familiar with how to use them and with
    their purpose. Make sure they are off when you
    aren't using the grill
  • Store gas cylinders outside and keep them away
    from buildings
  • If your gas grill needs repairs, take it to an
    authorized dealer or repair shop

7
Vehicle Travel Safety
  • Apply personal risk management when trip planning
    both on- and off-duty
  • Get a good nights rest prior to traveling
  • Try to avoid traveling during the hrs of darkness
  • Take breaks during travel to reduce fatigue and
    stress
  • A 14-hour day, including driving and all other
    activities, should be the maximum
  • Individuals under the age of 26 need a
    Pre-Departure Safety Briefing accomplished by
    their supervisor prior to Leave, TDY or PCS
  • Inspect vehicle tires, fluids, belts, hoses, and
    wiper blades prior to traveling
  • Have an emergency kit available in your vehicle
  • Follow all posted speed limits and road signs

8
Proper Seatbelt Use
  • Always wear your seat belt
  • Always insist that passengers wear theirs as well
  • Always wear both the lap belt and shoulder belt
  • Never slip the shoulder belt behind your body
  • Never wear the shoulder belt under your arm
  • Be sure the belt fits snugly against your body
  • Pregnant women should still wear their seatbelts
  • Avoid holding objects on your lap or in your
    hands
  • Move the front seats back
  • Children under the age of 12 should always ride
    in the back seat
  • Children in safety seats should ride in age- and
    size-appropriate seats

9
How to Spot a Drunk Driver
  • Trouble staying in the correct position in lane
    of traffic
  • Weaving
  • Swerving
  • Straddling the lines that mark lanes
  • Turning with too wide a radius
  • Drifting around within their lane
  • Almost hitting something 
  • They don't brake and accelerate normally
  • Stopping too far away / too close to things
  • Braking in a jerky manner
  • Speeding up or slowing down for no apparent
    reason
  • Driving more than 10 mph under the speed limit 

10
How to Spot a Drunk Driver
  • They don't pay attention and lose situational
    awareness
  • Driving in wrong lane or wrong way on a one-way
    street
  • Slow in response to traffic signals or markings
  • Stopping for no apparent reason
  • Driving without headlights at night
  • Failing to signal, or signaling and then not
    following through 
  • They show poor judgment
  • Following too closely
  • Changing lanes improperly or dangerously
  • Making illegal or improper turns
  • Driving on something other than the street
  • Unusual behavior

11
Motorcycle Riding Tips
  • More than two-thirds of the time when cars and
    motorcycles crash, the
  • driver causes the wreck, not the motorcyclist.
    Most of the time, the
  • driver didn't see the motorcycle.
  • Don't assume a driver can see you
  • Wear a helmet with retro-reflective materials
  • Wear a bright outer garment during the day
  • Wear reflective clothing at night
  • Ride with your headlight on
  • Beware of blind spot. Avoid riding in them
  • Use your turn signals and don't make any sudden
    moves

12
ATV Riding Tips
  • Read the owner's manual carefully and follow the
    operating procedures described. Pay special
    attention to the warnings in the manual and all
    labels on the machine
  • Do not operate an ATV without proper instruction.
    Take a training course. An ATV is not a toy
  • Do not let children ride an adult-size ATV.
    Children (and some adults) lack the strength and
    skill to correct an unstable ATV weighing 500 to
    1,000 pounds and capable of traveling 55 mph or
    more
  • Children under 12 should not operate an ATV.
    Children age 12-16 should ride ATVs with an
    engine size of 90cc or less
  • Always wear an approved motorcycle helmet. Also
    wear eye-protection, boots with ankle support,
    gloves, long pants, and a long sleeved shirt or
    jacket as conditions warrant

13
ATV Riding Tips
  • Never operate an ATV on pavement. They are not
    designed for use on paved surfaces and may be
    difficult to control
  • Do not operate an ATV on any public road, even
    dirt or gravel roads, collision with cars,
    trucks, and other motor vehicles can be deadly
  • Do not ride at excessive speeds. With their short
    wheelbase and maneuverability, ATVs are very
    unstable and easily flip on uneven ground. Go at
    a speed that is proper for the terrain,
    visibility conditions, and your experience
  • Be especially cautious when approaching hills,
    turns, and obstacles and when operating on
    unfamiliar or rough terrain. Keep at least 10
    feet between your ATV and another vehicles
  • Do not consume alcohol or drugs before or while
    operating an ATV

14
Driving in the Age of the Cell Phone
  • Know the local rules about wireless phones and
    driving.
  • Use a hands-free device
  • Keep your wireless phone where you can easily
    reach it, so that you can get it without taking
    your eyes off the road
  • If you are talking and the traffic or weather
    gets bad, end the call and call back later
  • Don't take notes or look up phone numbers while
    driving
  • If you must use the phone while driving, try to
    make the call(s) when you aren't moving or when
    conditions are favorable
  • Conversations that involve emotion or that
    produce stress are the most distracting. Avoid
    them when you are driving

15
Swimming Safety
16
Swimming Safety
  • Learn to swim. The best thing anyone can do to
    stay safe in and around the water is to learn to
    swim. The American Red Cross has swimming courses
    for people of any age and swimming ability. To
    enroll in a course to learn or improve your
    ability to swim, contact your local Red Cross
    chapter
  • Always swim with a buddy never swim alone

17
Swimming Safety
  • Know your swimming limits and stay within them.
    Don't try to keep up with a stronger, skilled
    swimmer or encourage others to keep up with you
  • Swim in supervised areas only

18
Swimming Safety
  • Obey "No Diving" signs that indicate the area is
    unsafe for headfirst entries. Enter feet-first
    into water rather than headfirst if you don't
    know the depth. In addition, learn the correct
    way to dive from a qualified instructor

19
Swimming Safety
  • Watch out for the "dangerous too's" -- too tired,
    too cold, too far from safety, too much sun, too
    much strenuous activity

Do not chew gum or eat while you swim you could
easily choke
20
Swimming Safety
  • Use common sense about swimming after eating. In
    general, you do not have to wait an hour after
    eating before you may safely swim. However, if
    you have had a large meal, it is wise to let
    digestion get started before doing strenuous
    activity such as swimming.

21
Swimming Safety
  • Alcohol and swimming don't mix. Alcohol impairs
    judgment, balance, and coordination, especially
    in the water. It affects your swimming and diving
    skills and reduces the body's ability to stay
    warm
  • Wear foot protection people's feet can get
    burned from the sand or cut from glass hidden in
    the sand

22
Swimming Safety
  • Know local weather conditions and prepare for
    electrical storms. Because water conducts
    electricity, it is wise to stop swimming or
    boating as soon as you see or hear a storm
  • Know how to prevent, recognize, and respond to
    emergencies. Remember CHECK-CALL-CARE CHECK the
    scene to ensure it's safe and CHECK the victim,
    CALL 9-1-1 or your local emergency number, and
    CARE for the person until help arrives

23
Swimming Safety
  • Protect your skin Sunlight contains two kinds of
    UV rays -- UVA increases the risk of skin cancer,
    skin aging, and other skin diseases. UVB causes
    sunburn and can lead to skin cancer
  • Limit the amount of direct sunlight you receive
    between 1000 a.m. and 300 p.m. and wear a
    sunscreen with a sun protection factor containing
    a high rating such as 35 or higher

24
Swimming Safety
  • Drink plenty of water regularly and often even if
    you do not feel thirsty. Your body needs water to
    keep cool. Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine
    in them. They can make you feel good briefly but
    make the heat's effects on your body worse
  • This is especially true with beer, which
    dehydrates the body

25
Boating Accidents
Most boating fatalities are usually not
weather-related. Fatalities typically occur in
open boats on inland waters in the afternoon when
the weather and visibility are good, the winds
and water are light to calm

26
Personal Flotation Devices
  • Personal Flotation Devices (PFD) are critical
    when
  • - Water skiing
  • - Riding personal watercraft
  • - Children under age 12 in boats
  • Boats under 16 must carry a wearable PFD for
    each occupant
  • Boats 16 and over must carry a wearable PFD for
    each occupant and one throw able life preserver

27
Boating Safety
  • Ensure everyone onboard has a PFD
  • Check state licensing requirements
  • Do not over load the boat
  • Learn and use boating etiquette
  • Check weather forecast
  • Take cover on land if lightning is present
  • Always file a float plan
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages and operate a
    boat

28
Heat Related Stress
29
Ignoring Symptoms
If you don't recognize the signs of heat
exhaustion or choose to ignore them (or in some
unfortunate cases are unable to do anything about
them), here is what can happen
30
Heat Illness Effects
31
Heat Injury Prevention
  • Take in fluids prior to and during exercise
  • Gradually build tolerance
  • Stay fit - dont over estimate your fitness
  • Recognize medical conditions
  • Wear light-weight clothing
  • Never leave children or pets in a hot car

32
Sunburn Facts
  • Overexposure to the suns ultraviolet rays is
    most severe 6-48 hours after exposure
  • Cool bath or aspirin may relieve some pain
  • Do not apply cream to the burn on the first
    day--traps in heat and prolongs healing
  • Fluid-filled blisters indicate 2nd degree burn
    (do not break)
  • People with fair skin, freckles, red or blond
    hair are at high risk
  • UV rays are just as strong on hazy days as sunny
  • Dangers cancer

33
Prevention
  • Apply sunscreen before going outside
  • Reapply if swimming or active
  • Use a minimum of SPF15
  • 30 preferred
  • 45 for fair-skinned people
  • Avoid midday sun (1000 to 1500)
  • Wear a hat
  • Wear light clothing
  • Cover arms and legs

34
  • Have a fun-filled SAFE Summer
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