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Maximizing Learning and Savings

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Title: Maximizing Learning and Savings


1
Maximizing Learning and Savings by Going Green
Maximizing Learning and Savings by Going Green
Ken Sidebottom, CEM, LEED AP Program Manager,
Sustainable Building Solutions Johnson Controls,
Inc.
2
What does it mean to be Green?
  • One common issue facing decision makers today is
    how to address environmental issues from
    volatile energy costs to the mammoth issue of
    climate impact from carbon fuel based
    pollution/ghg
  • Proactive plan and approach to minimize the
    environmental footprint of your
    organization/institution
  • You must measure what you want to manage
  • Develop Green metrics to track success

3
Sustainability Defined
To be sustainable is to define success by
financial results, as well as environmental and
social performance -- the triple bottom line of
sustainability.
4
Why go green? Why create a sustainable learning
environment?
  • Rising Energy Operations Costs
  • U.S. Dependence on Fossil Fuels US Energy
    Security Issues - Transportation Utilities are
    top 2 users of fossil fuels….
  • Buildings
  • Vehicle Fleets (Buses Maintenance Trucks,
    Equipment, etc.)
  • Reducing Buildings Impact on the Climate
  • Pollution GHG
  • Weather Pattern Severity Changes
  • Improving Indoor Environment Student/Faculty/Sta
    ff Productivity Improvements
  • Higher test scores for students
  • Teacher attraction and retention

5
A Green building project addresses more than
just the building……..
Green Building
Green Landscaping and Green Transportation
Green Operations, Services, Products, Programs
and Procurement
A green, sustainable facility incorporates all
three elements
6
Who is going green?
19 Federal agencies use LEED as standard 40-50
cities, higher education facilities and others
have mandated LEED NACo Green Government
initiative US Conference of Mayors Climate
Initiative Energy Independence and Security Act
2007 Clinton Climate Initiative Building Retrofit
Program American College and University
Presidents Climate Commitment Association for the
Advancement of Sustainability in Higher
Education Collaboration for High Performance
Schools USGBC/Clinton Climate Build Green Schools
initiative USGBC /CCI Green Existing Buildings
via guaranteed savings programs Green Grid
(IT) Green Guide for Healthcare Architecture
2030 BOMA 7-Point Challenge/CCI Center for Energy
and Climate Solutions
Government
Education
Private Sector
7
Benefits from a Green Environment Green Schools
and Campuses (/ft2)
  • Energy
  • Emissions
  • Water and Wastewater
  • Increased Earnings
  • Asthma Reduction
  • Cold and Flu Reduction
  • Teacher Retention
  • Employment Impact
  • Subtotal
  • COST OF GREENING
  • NET BENEFITS (Direct)

9 1 1 49 3 5 4 2 74 (3) 71
(16)
Source - Greening Americas Schools Costs
Benefits Report by Greg Katz
Sponsoring Organizations
  • American Federation of Teachers
  • American Institute of Architects
  • American Lung Association
  • Federation of American Scientists
  • U.S. Green Building Council

8
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Lower Construction Costs
  • Reduced site preparation and landscaping
  • Lower waste disposal costs by 50 to 98 percent
  • Reduced operating costs
  • Lower utility costs by 20-50 percent (33
    average)
  • Reduced water use/cost by 20-50 (32 average)
  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions (annually per
    school)
  • 1200 lbs of nitrogen oxide
  • 1300 lbs of sulfur dioxide
  • 585 lbs of carbon dioxide
  • 150 lbs of particulate matter

9
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Higher Student Attendance Test Scores
  • Lower absenteeism of students by 10-20
  • Improved test scores by approximately 15 because
    improved comfort, lighting and indoor air quality
  • More Productive Environment for Faculty Staff
  • Better teacher attraction/retention
  • Less absenteeism by 45
  • Higher productivity up to 16

10
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Reduced Insurance and Risk of Liability
  • Healthy occupants, greater occupant satisfaction
  • Lower environmental impacts
  • Streamlined regulatory approvals
  • Higher Visibility and Marketability

11
Challenge on how to fund your sustainable green
initiatives
  • Challenge has always been how to fund and repair
  • facilities
  • Budget cuts year after year in the MO budgets in
    order to minimize budget cuts in education. But
    the learning environment does affect the
    student's performance and there is now general
    acceptance in K12 and Higher Education that this
    concept is true.....students performance improves
    in a safe, comfortable and healthy
    environment..energy efficiency retrofit of
    facilities.
  • Benefits that are realized by 'greening efforts.
  • PLUS the facility can reduce their operating
    costs long term.

12
How can it be measured?
  • LEED EBOM
  • CHPS
  • Green Globes
  • BOMA 360
  • APPA Green Cleaning Survey
  • What gets measured must get done

Environmental
Healthy Schools
Economic Return
13
Cost savings plus so much more
LEED EB
Green Performance Contracting
A more comfortable, safe and sustainable world
AND money savings
14
LEED Categories All Rating Systems
Sustainable Sites Materials Resources Water
Efficiency Energy Atmosphere Indoor
Environmental Quality Innovation Regional Priority
15
LEED for Existing Buildings OM Points
CATEGORIES
  • Sustainable Sites
  • Water Efficiency
  • Energy Atmosphere
  • Materials Resources
  • Indoor Environ. Quality

26 14 35 10 15
100
6 4 110
  • Innovation in Operations
  • Regional Priority
  • TOTAL Points Available

16
LEED EB OM Detailed Review
(110 Possible Points)
  • Points Required
  • 40-49 Points
  • 50-59 Points
  • 60-79 Points
  • 80 Points
  • Levels of Certification
  • Certified
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Platinum

17
LEED EB OM Minimum Project Requirements
  • Building must be occupied for at least 12 months
    with 75 occupancy rate or greater per industry
    standards for building type
  • 90 of the building SF must be included in LEED
    Certification (Up to 10 SF exclusion allowed but
    only for areas with separate use/management
    practices)
  • Must meet all regulatory requirements for
    hazardous material management (PCB/Asbestos/Mercur
    y in lamps) waste water discharge
  • Min. 3 month performance period required for all
    credits pursued (One year minimum for Energy)

18
LEED K-12 Participants
Cincinnati, Ohio Public Schools Hawaii Public
Schools Illinois Public Schools (51) Manatee Co.,
Florida Public Schools Matanuska-Susitna Borough
Public Schools, AK Montgomery Co., Maryland
Public Schools State of Maryland (44) New Jersey
Public Schools New Orleans Public Schools New
York Public Schools (39) Ohio Public Schools
(138) Pennsylvania Public Schools (72) State of
California (52) State College, PA Area Public
Schools State of Florida (43)
State of New Mexico (40) State of Texas (51) Sate
of Virginia (42) Syracuse New York Public
Schools Sweetwater Union HS District,
California Washington DC Public
Schools Washington State Public Schools
Legislation in place to LEED Certify schools as
of 6/1/09 (XX) Number of LEED Registered schools
per state
19
LEED University Participants
Arizona State University Ball State
University Bowdoin College Brown
University California Polytechnic State
University Carnegie Melon University Clemson
University Claremont McKenna College Connecticut
College Dartmouth College Duke University Emory
University Florida State University Georgia
Institute of Technology Harvard University Lewis
Clark College Los Angeles Community College
District Massachusetts Institute of
Technology Northwestern University Omaha Metro
Community College
Peralta Community College District Pitzer
College Pomona College Princeton University Rice
University Santa Clara University State
University of New York University of
California Central Florida University University
of Cincinnati University of Connecticut University
of Florida University of North
Carolina University of Oregon University of
Richmond University of South Carolina University
of Tennessee, Knoxville University of
Vermont University of Washington/Washington
Community Colleges
Legislation mandates in place to LEED Certify
schools as of 6/1/2009
20
What is Green Performance Contracting for
Schools Campuses?
  • Green Performance Contracting integrates the
    goals and objectives of a Green Building Rating
    System (LEED EB, CHPS, etc.) into the Energy
    Savings Performance Contracting Process to
  • Improve performance of existing buildings
  • Address outstanding facility needs
  • Improve operational efficiencies and reduce costs
  • Create a sustainable green environment for
    students, faculty staff
  • Achieve points/credits toward future green
    building certification
  • Demonstrate environmental social stewardship to
    local community
  • Be a change agent for a Green Future
  • Fund projects with operational and energy savings
    generated from facility improvement measures
    (FIMs)
  • Document measure results

21
Green Performance Contracting for Existing
School Buildings (K-12)
  • LEED EB OM and CHPS are applicable for existing
    buildings
  • 97,000 existing public school buildings
  • 6.6 billion square feet of space on over 1
    million acres of land
  • Over 49 million public school students
  • More than 70 of buildings built before 1970
  • Schools spend over 7.8 billion on energy each
    year
  • Students and faculty spend 85-90 of their time
    indoors
  • Studies show that student achievement can be
    positively impacted by
  • improved ventilation
  • comfortable classroom temperatures
  • Increased day lighting
  • Schools buildings with comfortable environments
    attract and retain teachers and staff

22
Green Performance Contracting for Existing
School Buildings (Higher Education)
4,300 U.S. colleges and universities with almost
18 million students Average age of education
building is 40 years Colleges and universities
spend close to 2 billion each year on
energy The average university campus would save
250,000 just by changing the way it operates.
That's the equivalent of 122 cars of the road or
612 tons of CO2. Higher Education spent 17.8B
on construction in 2008, up from 12.7B the year
before. Expenditures grew 35 for new
construction and 48 for additions and
modernizations. Two-thirds of students indicate
the quality of campus facilities is essential or
very important Over 640 signatories of the
Presidents Climate Commitment for carbon
neutrality
23
Why Green Performance Contracting for Schools and
Campuses?
  • Top Sustainability Needs
  • Reduce energy usage across all operations
  • Increase the use of energy from renewable sources
  • Reduce levels of greenhouse gas emissions
  • Simplify/streamline the reporting of energy and
    environmental data
  • Extend the effective life of equipment and assets
  • Reduce operating costs across the organization
  • Reduce the impact of energy cost volatility
  • Increase use of energy-efficient building systems
    and equipment
  • Reduce the cost of operations through energy
    efficiency and/or emissions credits
  • Demonstrate environmental social stewardship
    bullets no ranking

24
LEED EB OM Rating System Performance
Contracting Impact
  • Levels of Certification
  • Certified
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Platinum
  • Points Required
  • 40-49 Points
  • 50-59 Points
  • 60-79 Points
  • 80 Points

25-53 points 60 of points needed for
Certification! Possible Silver!!!
25
American Recovery Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is a
787 billion dollar Federal investment into the
U.S. economy. The goals of the Recovery Act are
to create jobs and stimulate the economy. These
investments will be distributed through 130
separate funds. Each fund has unique set of rules
that cover allocation, distribution, and
implementation of the investments. All projects
funded by ARRA will be tracked and monitored by
the Federal Government.
Now that weve defined ARRA, lets talk about
funds specific to education.
26
ARRA education funding will help to drive the
following goals
Bolster budgets
  • Maintain budgets and ensure educators are
    employed
  • Provide training to teachers to improve education
    effectiveness
  • Improve buildings to enhance educational
    experience
  • Address overcrowded schools and campuses with new
    buildings
  • Implement green building standards

Build and renovate schools and campuses
  • Upgrade to 21st century classrooms
  • Advance student achievement through use of
    technology

Focus of our discussion
Invest in technology for our future
27
Facility improvements can provide additional
benefits that are core to your educational mission
  • Lower OM budget benefits all stakeholders
  • Higher job satisfaction can reduce turnover
  • Flexible facility design can accommodate growing
    student populations
  • Physical virtual security upgrades promote
    safer schools
  • Newer, cleaner, brighter and more comfortable
    classrooms promote staff and student productivity

Facility Upgrades
A safer, healthier more comfortable learning
environment
Lower energy costs, Fewer unscheduled repairs
Reduced environmental impact
28
Wide variety of solutions are possible with ARRA
funds Green PC K-12 Case Studies
Wyandotte Public Schools
Spring Branch School District
  • Energy Star School District
  • Challenges
  • Obtain relief from rising energy costs
  • Re-certify all buildings as Energy Star
  • Educate students on renewable energy
  • Improve external aesthetics of Roosevelt High
    school without drawing from capital budget
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • HVAC enhancements throughout district
  • High efficiency windows, doors, and partial roof
    replacement
  • Installed Johnson Controls Metasys BAS system
  • Installed 10 kW solar PV solution at Wilson
    Middle School
  • Results
  • Guaranteed energy and operational savings of 6.9
    million throughout 15-year contract term
  • Energy Star certification for all 12 buildings…a
    first in Michigan
  • Increased Comfort and Reduced Utility Costs
  • Challenges
  • Decrease utility bill while expanding facilities
  • Manage high temperature variability
  • Improve maintenance response time and reduce
    project backlog
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • Retrofit 22,000 light fixtures and install solar
    film on 7,000 windows
  • Install Metasys to centrally operate facilities
  • Implement preventative maintenance program to
    reduce occupant complaints and Increase
    equipment life
  • Results
  • 3.1 million in energy savings in first two
    phases,
  • Savings allowed additional buildings to be
    included in final phase
  • Reduced daily comfort complaints and increased
    maintenance response time

29
Wide variety of solutions are possible with ARRA
funds Green PC Higher Education Case Studies
Tallahassee Community College
University of Central Oklahoma
  • Energy Savings Help College Expand
  • Challenges
  • Keep pace with rising enrollments
  • Manage energy costs to maintain low
    student/faculty ratio
  • Maximize efficiency of operations staff
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • Energy management systems
  • Automated temperature controls
  • Network all 35 buildings for remote control
  • Results
  • Expand campus by 35
  • Held increasing energy costs to only 15 despite
    increase of 270,000 sq ft
  • Never closed a building due to mechanical
    equipment failure
  • Delivering Quality Learning Environment
  • Challenges
  • Aging facilities, deferred maintenance led to
    complaints
  • Lack of funds to address issues
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • 20-year Performance Contract for upgrades to
    lighting, water, central plant, thermal storage
  • Planned service agreement for HVAC services by
    team of 6 engineers and 3 onsite technicians
  • Results
  • Identified utility bill errors resulting in 132k
    rebate
  • Negotiated new rate structures
  • Saving more than 850,000 annually
  • Multiple green campus awards
  • Happier campus occupants

30
The Path to Sustainability
  • Plan Commit Identify your vision, define
    sustainability and understand where you want to
    go.
  • Assess Benchmark and inventory where you are
    today
  • Prioritize Evaluate options for improvement and
    perform cost/benefit for each option
  • Implement Make the recommended changes that are
    cost effective
  • Communicate Both the intent and results to
    internal and external stakeholders
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