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Conservation International MPA Networks

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Title: Conservation International MPA Networks


1
Conservation International MPA Networks
Economic Valuation and Cultural Roles of Marine
Protected Areas (MPAs)
Leah Bunce1, John Reid2, Giselle
Samonte-Tan1 1Conservation International 2Conse
rvation Strategy Fund Presenter
2
Marine Management Area Science (MMAS) Program
MMAS Vision Provide scientific answers to the
critical questions confronting the management of
marine multiple-use and protected areas.
3
Marine Management Area Science (MMAS) Research
Themes
  • Management effectiveness
  • Population and habitat connectivity
  • Resiliency
  • Economic and cultural values
  • Conservation and economic development
  • Enforcement

4
Objectives
Economic Valuation Study
  • To quantify economic values of marine management
    area (MMA) ecosystems
  • To establish general research protocols to be
    applied at other sites

5
Sites
Venetia Hargreaves-Allen
6
The study will address two questions 1) What
is the total economic value (TEV) of goods and
services derived from a particular marine
ecosystem? 2) How is the flow of those and
other goods and services altered by the
imposition of a policy regime aimed at conserving
the ecosystem?
7
What is the total economic value (TEV) of goods
and services derived for a particular marine
ecosystem?
  • 3 Scenarios
  • Economic value of the marine resources and
    services associated with 1 MMA per country (e.g.
    Coiba National Park)
  • Economic value if the area was not a MMA
  • Economic value if new threat was introduced to
    the area (e.g. Brazil shrimp farming)

8
Economic Valuation into Action!
  • To demonstrate to policy-makers, managers, user
    groups and other stakeholders the importance of
    MMAs based on these 4 MMA analyses!
  • Looking to do more MMA sites…

9
VALUATION METHOD
TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE (TEV)
USE VALUE (DUVIUVOV)
NON-USE VALUE (XVBV)
DIRECT USE VALUE
INDIRECT USE VALUE
OPTION VALUE
EXISTENCE VALUE
BEQUEST VALUE
10
TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE
GOODS
SERVICES
  • Capture
  • Fisheries
  • Biodiversity
  • Threatened
  • reef habitats
  • Fisheries
  • Endangered
  • species
  • Marine Mammals
  • Other ecosystems
  • Tourism
  • Aesthetic
  • reefscapes
  • beaches
  • Recreation
  • Research
  • Education
  • Coastline
  • Aesthetic
  • Other coastal
  • ecosystems

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15
  • How is the flow of goods and services altered
    by the imposition of a policy regime aimed at
    conserving the ecosystem?
  • Approaches
  • 1. with and without policy interventions,
  • using control communities,
  • as a time-series,
  • by estimating effects of policy
  • intervention.

16
Contribution to MMA Science
  • The results will provide scientific evidence of
    the importance of MPAs compared with if there
    were no MPAs, demonstrate the socioeconomic
    impacts of the threat and provide a basis for
    gauging socioeconomic impacts of additional,
    future threats to the MPAs.
  •  
  • In each country the research will engage and
    inform local leaders, conservation professionals
    in NGOs and government who play active management
    and support roles in marine conservation efforts.
  • The results of all 4 sites will together
    demonstrate the value of MPAs around the world,
    which will be used to demonstrate to
    international organizations and high-level
    policy-makers worldwide the importance and
    benefits of MPAs.

17
Questions for YOU!
  • Will these economic values of MMAs be useful to
    you in your work? HOW?!
  • How can we best share the results with you (e.g.
    e-mail 1 page summary? Publication? Powerpoint?
    How…?)

18
Conservation International MPA Networks
Thank You!
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