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Comparing Plant and Animal Cells

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Chloroplast: Perform Photosynthesis. Differences: Plants ... Chloroplast trap and store light energy. Change it to chemical energy. Storage & Use of Energy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparing Plant and Animal Cells


1
Comparing Plant and Animal Cells
  • Chapter 1 Lesson 2

2
Plants and Animals
  • Similarities

3
Similarities
  • Cell Membrane
  • Encloses Cell

Animal
Plant
4
Similarities
  • Cytoplasm
  • Gel-like substance w/ chemicals needed by cell

Animal
Plant
5
Similarities
  • Nucleus w/ DNA
  • Controls characteristics of living things
  • Nucleus also includes nucleolus

Plant
Animal
6
Similarities
  • Ribosomes
  • Protein Builders

Animal
Plant
7
Similarities
  • Mitochondria
  • Powerhouse-uses O2 to break food releasing
    energy

Plant
Animal
8
Similarities
  • Vacuole
  • Store food, water, waste

Animal
Plant
9
Similarities
  • Endoplasmic
  • Reticulum
  • Systems of tubes to transport proteins
  • Smooth no ribosomes-materials transport stay in
    cell
  • Rough ribosome attached-materials transport
    leave cell

10
Similarities
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum

Animal
Plant
11
Similarities
  • Golgi Bodies Package Distribute Proteins out
    of cell

Animal
Plant
12
Plants Only
  • Differences Plants

13
Differences Plants
  • Cell Walls
  • Provide structure
  • Outside Cell membrane

14
Differences Plants
  • Chloroplast
  • Perform Photosynthesis

15
DIFFERENCES PLANTS
  • Sometimes even similar organelles have major
    differences.

16
Differences Plants
  • Vacuole
  • One Large vacuole only
  • Helps with cell structure

17
Differences Plants
  • Nucleus
  • Always only one nucleus

18
Animals Only
  • Differences Animals

19
Differences Animals
  • Lysomes
  • Break down things in cells
  • Holds digestive proteins

20
DIFFERENCES ANIMALS
  • Sometimes even similar organelles have major
    differences.

21
Differences Animals
  • Nuclei(pl. Nucleus)
  • Some animal cells have more than one nucleus

22
Differences Animals
  • Vacuoles
  • Many small vacuoles

23
Cells Store and Use Energy
24
Storage Use of Energy
  • All energy ultimately comes from the sun

25
Storage Use of Energy
  • Chloroplast trap and store light energy
  • Change it to chemical energy

26
Storage Use of Energy
  • Chemical energy stored in bonds between carbon
    (C), Hydrogen (H), and Oxygen (O)

27
Storage Use of Energy
  • Plants/animals breakdown these molecules
  • Get energy by breaking bonds

energy
Gluc ose
28
Storage Use of Energy
  • Mitochondria in both plant/animal cells use
    Oxygen to release energy
  • Store energy in high-energy ATP molecule
  • When need energy, break down ATP

29
Store and Use Information
  • Nucleus is the control center of the cell

30
Store and Use Information
  • DNA contains the directions for all of a cells
    activities

31
Store and Use Information
  • Controls putting together proteins
  • Cells require thousands of proteins to work

32
Store and Use Information
  • DNA and RNA work together to make proteins
  • DNA determines cell type
  • When cell divides, each cell needs identical copy
    of DNA
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