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An eLearning Primer

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1. An e-Learning Primer. Linda Scarpa, Ed.D. Michael Marler. NECC. June 17, 2002. 2. Objectives ... Hardy, L. (2001, September). Question of funding. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An eLearning Primer


1
An e-Learning Primer
  • Linda Scarpa, Ed.D.
  • Michael Marler
  • NECC
  • June 17, 2002

2
Objectives
  • I. Define e-Learning and terms
  • II. Describe issues with e-Learning
  • III. Provide template for e-Learning
  • report
  • IV. Provide resources for e-Learning
  • research
  • V. Share experiences with e-Learning

3
Background
  • September, 2001, meeting with the Superintendent,
    Deputy Superintendent and Associate
    Superintendent, Curriculum and Instruction
  • Report on e-Learning requested
  • Provided several articles to read
  • Convened a committee to prepare
  • e-Learning report

4
Demographic Challenges
  • Large district - 43,000 students
  • Urban setting (southeast Houston)
  • Large low-socioeconomic population (55.7)
  • High minority population (60)

5
Human Infrastructure Challenges
  • Bringing all stakeholders togetherassociate
    superintendent, principal, curriculum and
    instructional specialists, and teachers
  • Consensus on the pathway to virtual education

6
I. Define e-Learning and Terms
  • e-Learning - interactive learning that uses
    computer and communications technologies to train
    or educate (Cummings, 2001)
  • Any electronically-delivered education, includes
    distance learning, virtual schools and online
    courses

7
Situational Terms
  • Blended Learning - face-to-face sessions, as well
    as delivery by e-Learning
  • Just-In-Time Learning - application and delivery
    of the information at just the right time to
    those who need knowledge and/or need to learn the
    skill

8
Time-Related Terms
  • Asynchronous - time independent learning, i.e.
    web-based or video-based
  • Synchronous - time dependent learning, i.e.
    videoconferencing or direct instruction

9
Electronic Delivery Terms
  • Computer-Based Training (CBT) - self-paced
    content, typically CD-ROM based
  • Videoconferencing (two-way interactive) - when
    technology connects two or more locations so the
    user may see video and hear audio (uses special
    equipment like a CODEC)

10
continued
  • Web-Based Learning (online) -
  • uses the computer as the instructional media
    to link student and instructor
  • (Cummings, 2001)

11
II. Describe Issues with e-Learning
  • Traditional versus Electronic Learning
  • Possibilities and Drawbacks
  • Overcoming Drawbacks

12
Traditional versus e-Learning(Cummings, 2001)
  • Delivery
  • Responsiveness
  • Access
  • Symmetry
  • Modality
  • Authority
  • Personalization
  • Adaptivity

13
Drawbacks and Possibilities(McLester, 2001
Richardson, 2001)
  • Drawbacks
  • Not always cost-effective
  • New way of learning
  • Not inherently motivating
  • Lack emotional component central to learning
  • Possibilities
  • Experts available
  • Accessed at convenience
  • Access to global experiences
  • Safe environment
  • Students are responsible for own learning

14
Overcome Drawbacks
  • Stakeholder Buy-In
  • Planning, planning, planning

15
III. Template for e-Learning Report
  • Vision
  • Design, Content and Delivery
  • Assessment
  • Current e-Learning Activities
  • Recommendations
  • Funding and Return on Investment (ROI)
  • Steps to Creating an e-Learning Environment

16
Vision
  • e-Learning will be designed to
  • eliminate barriers to anywhere,
  • anytime learning by offering
  • electronic courses for
  • professional development
  • and student course work.

17
Seven Pitfalls of e-Learning(Sheinburg, 2001)
  • 1. Treat distance learning like face-to-
  • face classes
  • 2. Jump straight into course content
  • 3. Lack the necessary support structure
  • 4. Lack motivation or managers support

18
Seven Pitfalls of e-Learning
  • 5. Not planning for technology
  • problems
  • 6. Failing to consider cultural and
  • regional differences
  • 7. Not planning enough time for
  • discussion and team work

19
Design and Content
  • Design - evaluate outsourcing, have technical
    support, PLAN, allow for mistakes and lateness
  • (Sheinberg, 2001)
  • Content - dont confuse with training, district
    guidelines in place for course ownership, address
    four areas time, place, opportunities and design
  • (NSDC, 2001, p. 2)

20
Delivery
  • Decide which method of delivery is best for a
    given situation
  • Choose a learning management system (LMS), if
    necessary
  • Gauge how much time will be needed offline,
    blended
  • Evaluate technical support training

21
Assessment
  • On-going - internal personnel at Pasadena
    Independent School District or outsourced
  • Two Resources
  • Planning for D3T Data-Driven Decisions about
    Technology (NCREL, 1999)
  • Brandon-Hall (http//www.brandon-hall.com)

22
Current e-Learning Activities
  • Web-based (Online) - Blackboard, Cisco, Other
    Districts
  • Computer-Based Training Courses (Quest)
  • Satellite
  • Videoconferencing

23
Recommendations for Continued and Future Use
  • Professional Development
  • Alternative Certification Program
  • University Degrees
  • District Technology, Reading and Algebra
    Initiatives
  • Human Resources - Interviews

24
Recommendations
  • Student Course Work
  • Quest CD-ROMS for MS Office 2000
  • Dual Credit with local community college
  • Vendor provided like Cisco, Oracle
  • Advanced Placement Courses
  • Virtual School Proposal

25
Other Student Coursework Opportunities
  • Technology Applications, Grades 6-8
  • COSMOS (Math and Science Initiative with NASA)
  • Bilingual Literacy Grant with Region IV ESC
  • Secondary Courses (i.e. foreign languages)
  • Annenburg and T-Star Programs

26
Virtual Schools?
  • State Sponsored
  • Home Schooling
  • Vendor Driven

27
Funding and Return on Investment (ROI)
  • Teacher, Technical and funding support
  • e-Learning Infrastructure requirements
  • hardware, software, and planned upgrades,
  • high-speed connectivity
  • specially trained instructors
  • appropriate participant-instructor ratios
  • (National Staff Development Council, 2001)

28
Funding
  • Costs to Launch, Expand and Maintain
  • initial and ongoing content development
  • integration (programming costs)
  • marketing
  • human resources

29
Costs Continued
  • maintenance expenses (i.e. cost of satellite)
  • hardware and software
  • training
  • consultant resources

30
Technology Options
  • What is in place?
  • What will need to be in place?

31
Resources for Funding
  • Bond Issues
  • Maintenance and Operation Funds
  • Grants

32
ROI
  • Important to consider costs that will impact the
    organization as a whole
  • staffing and training
  • number of students
  • technology

33
Six Steps to Create the e-Learning
Environment(Brandon-Hall, 2001)
  • 1. Create a branding - product is
  • recognizable
  • 2. Gather support from admini-
  • stration/community and identify
  • stakeholders

34
Steps
  • 3. Choose a delivery method (LMS for
  • web-based delivery)
  • 4. Demonstrate a seamless environment
  • with other district departments, such as
  • Curriculum and Instruction

35
Steps
  • 5. Plan for technical, logistical and
  • accessibility issues (including a
  • timeline and funding)
  • 6. Provide a marketing and
  • communication process to ensure
  • success

36
Today the estimate is that graduates of ours
schools leave knowing perhaps 2 percent of what
they will need to know in the years ahead - 98
percent is yet to come.
37
...Those who will thrive in the years ahead,
during the school experiences become active,
voracious, independent lifelong learners - who
will always be moving toward the 98 percent yet
to come.(Barth, 2001, pp. 16-17)
38
IV. Provide Resources
  • At the time of the report,
  • November 15, 2001

39
References
  • Barth, R. (2001). Learning by heart. San
    Francisco Jossey-Bass.
  • Borja, R. R. (2001, August 7). Virtual high
    schools gain following. http//www.timesdispatch.c
    om/vametro/MGB82PYY2QC.html
  • To get this file there is a fee
    http//www.archivesva.com
  • Search by author
  • Brandon-Hall. (2001, October 15). Your guide to
    e-learning. http//www.brandonhall.com
  • Branzburg, J. (2001, September).
    Videoconferencing. http//www.techlearning.com/db_
    area/archives/TL/200109/inservice.html
  • Branzburg, J. Kennedy, K. (2001, September).
    On-line professional development. Technology and
    Learning, 22(2), 18.
  • Cisco Learning Institute. (2001, September 16).
    E-learning. http//ciscolearning.org/elearning
  • Conoley, J. C. (2001, September 16). Distance
    education Special challenges to instructional
    excellence. Speech given at the 6th Annual
    Distance Education Conference in San Antonio,
    Texas, January, 1998. http//www.coe.tamu.edu/dist
    ance/jconoley.html

40
References, continued
Cookson, P. W. (2001, September 19). The online
professional seminar. Education Week, 21(3), pp.
60, 47. Cummings, E. (2001, September).
Relearning e-learning. Electronic Version
http//www.darwinmag.com/read/090101/relearn.html
Darling, L. (2001, August 28). The life and times
of an e-trainer. http//www.learningcircuits.com/m
ay2000/lesley.html Driscoll, M. (2001). Strategic
plans from scratch. http//www.learningcircuits.co
m/2001/aug2001/driscoll.html Dyrli, O. (2001,
October). Internet staff development essentials.
District Administrator, 37(10), 27. E-Learn or
die. (2001). Winning Strategies, 2(2),
46-50. Hardy, L. (2001, September). Question of
funding. http//www.electronic-school.com/2001/09/
0901funding.html Korthonen, L. (2001, September
20). Distance learning reshaping education, says
Texas A M prof. http//www.tamu.edu/univrel/news
/stories/00/102500-14.html
41
References, continued
McLester, S. (2001, August). Online learning
grows up. Technology and Learning, 22(1),
30-32. Morris, S. (2001, August 15). How to
launch an online school. Technology and Learning,
22(1), 34-36. National Association of School
Boards of Education. (2001, October 30). Any
time, any place, any path, any pace Taking on
e-learning policy. http//www.nasbe.org/e_Learning
.html National Staff Development Council. (2001).
E-Learning for educators Implementing the
standards for staff development.
http//www.nsdc.org/standards_tech.html North
Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL).
(1999). Planning for D3T Data-Driven Decisions
about Technology. Reprinted from the Secretarys
Conference on Education Technology.
http//www.ed.gov/Technology/TechConf/1999/confsum
.html Nucleus Research. (2001). E-learning
delivers a 2284 ROI for IBM according to Nucleus
Research. http//www.nucleusresearch.com/research/
b19.pdf
42
References, continued
Pasadena Independent School District Technology
Plan, 2001-2005. (2001). http//www.pasadenaisd.or
g/IT/Plan/Tech_Plan01-05.htm Ravaglia, R. (2001,
August/September). The case for blended
e-learning. Education West, 12-13. Richardson, J.
(2001). E-Learning potential Online staff
development has great possibilities and
pitfalls. Electronic version. Results, National
Staff Development Council, pp. 1, 6.
http//www.nsdc.org/library/results/res9-01rich.ht
ml Sanders, L. (2001). E-Learning Its not just
for kids. Winning Strategies, 2(2), 6. Sheinberg,
M. (2001, August 28). Stave off these seven
pitfalls of distance learning. http//www.learning
circuits.com/apr2000/apr2000_elearn.html Texas
Legislature. (2001). 77th Session. Senate Bill
975. Electronic courses. http//www.capitol.state.
tx.us
43
References, continued
Trotter, A. (2001). Cyber Schools Carving Out
Charter Niche. Education Week, 21(8), pp. 1,
21. Vail, K. (2001, September 15). Online
learning grows up. Electronic Version.
http//www.electronic-school.com/2001/09/0901f1.ht
ml
44
IV. Provide Resources
  • Since the report

45
Additional e-Learning Resources
Branigan, C. (2001, December). NASBE to states
Step up eLearning efforts. eSchool News,
14. Branigan, C. (2002, June). Study Broken web
links impede online learning. eSchool News, 5(6),
22. E-defining education. (2002, May 9).
Education Week, 21(5). Guerard, E. B. (2002,
January). Supes opinions evolving rapidly on
virtual schools. eSchool News, 16-17. Lester, S.
(2002, March). Virtual learning takes a front row
seat. Technology and Learning, 22(8), 24-36.
46
Contact Information
  • Linda Scarpa, Ed.D.
  • Executive Director, Instructional Technology
  • lscarpa_at_pasadenaisd.org
  • Mike Marler
  • Instructional Technology Specialist
  • mmarler_at_pasadenaisd.org

47
Pasadena Independent School District
  • Dr. Rick Schneider, Superintendent
  • 1515 Cherrybrook Lane
  • Pasadena, TX 77502
  • 713.920.6881

48
Special Thanks for Additional Research and
Graphic Design
  • Grace Saenz
  • Larri Hicks
  • University of Houston, Clear Lake
  • Instructional Technology Interns

49
Credits
  • Graphics from
  • Microsoft Windows XP Clipart Gallery Microsoft
    and Windows are either registered trademarks or
    trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the
    United States and/or
  • other countries.
  • www.microsoft.com
  • Pasadena ISD home page www.pasadenaisd.org
  • Intranet Journal http//www.intranetjournal.com/to
    ons

50
V. Sharing Experiences
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