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Capacitacin y Evaluacin de la Facultad

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'the art of thinking about your ... Moore and Parker, Critical Thinking ... Michael Scriven and Richard Paul. Critical Thinking. Universal intellectual values ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Capacitacin y Evaluacin de la Facultad


1
Capacitación y Evaluación de la Facultad
  • Centro de Innovación Educativa y Desarrollo del
    Docente

2
Critical Thinking
  • "the art of thinking about your thinking while
    you are
  • thinking in order to make your thinking better
    more clear, more accurate, or more defensible."
  • Paul, Binker, Adamson, and Martin (1989)

3
Critical Tkinking
  • We understand critical thinking to be purposeful,
    self regulatory judgment
  • which results in
  • interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference
  • as well as explanation of the
  • evidential, conceptual, methodological,
    criteriological whatever that is! contextual
  • considerations upon which that judgment is based.
  • Dewey, John

4
Critical Thinking
  • 'active, persistent, and careful consideration of
    any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the
    light of the grounds that support it and the
    further conclusions to which it tends' (Dewey
    1933 118).
  • Dewey, John
  • "reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused
    on deciding what to believe or what to do."
  • Robert Ennis

5
Critical Thinking
  • Critical Thinking is "the careful, deliberate
    determination of whether we should accept,
    reject, or suspend judgment about a claim, and
    the degree of confidence with which we accept or
    reject it."
  • Moore and Parker, Critical Thinking
  • Critical thinking is the skilled and active
    interpretation and evaluation of observations and
    communications, information and argumentation.
  • Fisher and Scriven (1997, p.21)

6
Critical Tkinking
  • Definition
  • Critical thinking is the intellectually
    disciplined process of actively and skillfully
    conceptualizing, applying, analyzing,
    synthesizing, and/or evaluating information
    gathered from, or generated by, observation,
    experience, reflection, reasoning, or
    communication, as a guide to belief and action.
  • Michael Scriven and Richard Paul

7
Critical Thinking
  • Universal intellectual values
  • Clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency,
    relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth,
    breadth, and fairness
  • It entails examination of structures of thought
  • purpose, problem, or question-at-issue,
    assumptions, concepts, empirical grounding
    reasoning leading to conclusions, implications
    and consequences, objections from alternative
    viewpoints, and frame of reference

8
Critical Thinking
  • Interwoven modes of thinking
  • scientific thinking, mathematical thinking,
    historical thinking, anthropological thinking,
    economic thinking, moral thinking, and
    philosophical thinking.
  • Critical thinking can be seen as having two
    components
  • a set of skills to process and generate
    information and beliefs, and
  • the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of
    using those skills to guide behavior.

9
Critical Thinking
  • Be contrasted with
  • the mere acquisition and retention of information
    alone, (because it involves a particular way in
    which information is sought and treated,)
  • the mere possession of a set of skills, (because
    it involves the continual use of them,) and
  • the mere use of those skills

10
Critical Thinking
  • According to Gold (2002) the 4 most significant
    elements of Critical Thinking are
  • The critique of tradition
  • The critique of authority
  • The critique of knowled
  • The critique of rethoric being able to evaluate
    the validity and credibility of arguments and /
    or a general scepticism towards statements and
    knowledge.
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