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Greek Americans Now

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Title: Greek Americans Now


1
Greek AmericansNow
  • Heather Sandefur
  • Brianne Sandefur
  • Jataya Randall
  • Stacy Reh
  • Julian Taylor
  • Holly Ostrom
  • Roxane Thogmartin

2
Greek School
3
Study Guide
  • Under whose rule were Greeks forbidden to attend
    schools?
  • When was the school expansion program adopted?
  • In what language is schooling conducted in a
    Greek School?
  • Why do most Greek American Families send their
    children to Greek Schools?

4
Greek School
  • There is a myth in Greece that under Turkish
    rule, schooling was forbidden so many individuals
    attended hidden or secret schools that
    operated mostly at night in churches taught by a
    priest or monk
  • An artist by the name of Nikolaos Ghyzis painted
    a picture entitled Hidden School that showed a
    priest teaching a small group of children by
    candlelight which gave some evidence to the myth
    of the hidden schools
  • A school expansion program was adopted in the mid
    1900s that decreased the percent of individuals
    15 years or older that couldnt read and write
    from 25 to 16
  • In Greece today, laws require that children
    attend school from the ages of 6 to 11
  • Today in America, Greek Schools are common in
    areas where there is a large number of Greek
    Americans which is becoming more popular everyday
    in Florida with a population of 21,000 in nearby
    Tarpon Springs, a tourist community settled by
    Greek sponge divers

5
Greek School
  • These schools teach children, Greek or not, the
    skills to excel in the Greek language as well as
    the world
  • Although most Greek Schools focus on the teaching
    of the Greek language and the history of Greece,
    the schools also teach basic skills used in any
    Elementary Schools with the first half of the day
    taught in Greek and the second half taught in
    English
  • Greek American Families that have their children
    attend Greek Schools want their children to learn
    their cultural background and the history of
    where their families came from
  • Greek School is also a popular idea among
    non-Greek families according to the Athenian
    Academy who stated that only 20 of last years
    enrollment were children of Greek backgrounds
  • Non-Greek families are sending their children to
    these Greek immersion schools so that they can
    learn a second language and become educated in a
    culture other then their own
  • Today more than 12 million people around the
    world speak Greek including individuals in
    Cyprus, Italy, Albania, Turkey, and the United
    States

6
Festivals for Children
7
Study Guide
  • What celebration has been seen as a Western
    influence?
  • Why do Greek Americans celebrate Independence
    Day?
  • What is said if your egg is not broken?

8
Festivals for Children
  • Name Day
  • Celebrated instead of their birthdays
  • Seen as a Western influence
  • Celebrated on feast day after whom a person is
    named at baptism
  • Choosing childrens names is dictated by family
    traditions
  • Children stay at home and are thrown parties on
    their name day
  • Independence Day
  • Celebrated on March 25th in remembrance of the
    1812 revolt against the Ottoman empire
  • Children dress up and one lucky child is chosen
    to lead a parade through the streets
  • National holiday celebrated with parades and
    dances nationwide

9
Festivals for Children
  • The Patrai Carnival
  • Originated in a city called Patrai
  • Special game played at the beginning for children
    called Hidden Treasure Hunt
  • All types of activities are held for children
  • King Carnival takes place afterwards where
    children dress up in costumes
  • Clean Monday
  • Symbol of release where children fly kites atop a
    hill
  • Marks the end of the carnival season and the
    beginning of Lent leading to Easter
  • Easter has a special tradition with a red dyed
    egg. If your egg is not broken then you will
    have a lucky year.

10
Modern Greek-American Childrens Literature
11
Study Guide
  • What are the 3 main types of current
    Greek-American childrens literature?
  • What does Triptych mean?
  • Which type of Greek-American childrens
    literature is more so based on Greek mythology?
  • When did Greek-American childrens literature
    begin to surface?

12
Brief History of Greek-American Childrens
Literature 
  • Most Greek childrens literature didnt begin
    to surface until the end of the 19th century. The
    only books available for Greek children to read
    before that were Aesops fables, Greek poetry,
    and historical books. Main characteristics of
    Greek children's literature such as
    etho-didacticism, rationalism and the projection
    of the triptych which means, "Fatherland,
    religion, family" were the main genre of
    childrens books well into the beginning of the
    20th Century.

13
Most Common Types
  • Greek Folktales
  • Fictional Greek American Tales
  • Greek-American Educational Books

14
  • Greek Folktales
  • Culture Oriented
  • Usually teach a lesson or moral
  • Traditional plots and storylines
  • Similar to Fairytales in some cases
  •  
  • Example literature Mr. Semolina-Semolinus by
    Anthony Manna and Christodoula Mitakidou
  • Fictional Greek American Tales
  • More historically based
  • Greek Mythology intertwined
  • Makes learning Greek Mythology fun for children
  • Culture Oriented
  •  
  • Example literature Its all Greek to Me by Jon
    Scieszka and My Mothers Daughters by Doris
    Orgell

15
  • There are also educational Greek-American
    childrens books as well that teach things such
    as.
  • Greek Alphabet
  • Greek Numerals
  • Greek Traditions

16
Greek Children And Their Religion
17
Study Guide
  • When being baptized you receive the Holy Spirit
    through what sacrament?
  • What are the two parts to Holy Unction?
  • When taking Holy Communion you are identifying
    yourself with
  • Do children get all the same rights and
    responsibilities as adults in the Orthodox
    Church?
  • What do children learn in the classes that they
    take?

18
Greek Children and their Religion
  • Children are baptized as infants into the faith
  • At baptism they receive the Gift of the Holy
    Spirit through the sacrament of Chrismation
  • This means when each person is given the seal of
    the gift of the Holy Spirit of god in
    chrismation to be a Christ, I.e. an anointed
    son of God to live the life of Christ
  • These are the first two sacraments that all the
    Orthodox faithful receive in their lives
  • Children enjoy all the same rights,
    responsibilities and privileges as adults
  • No difference between children and adults as
    members

19
Greek Children and their Religion
  • They receive the Sacraments of Holy Communion,
    Holy Unction and even Holy Confession
  • Confession is more of an exercise in
    understanding the power of forgiveness
  • In Holy Unction the Spirit anoints the sufferer
    to suffer and die and Christ and so to be healed
    and make alive with the Father for eternity
  • The service of Holy Unction has two parts. The
    first is, the prayer or hymns for the health and
    asking the Saints also to intercede and the
    blessing of the oil. The second part is 7
    epistels, 7 gospels, petition where the names for
    health is read and 7 prayers for health and
    remission of sins
  • To participate in the Holy Communion in the
    Orhtodox Church is to identify oneself fully with
    all of the members of the Othodox faith, living
    and dead and to identify oneself fully with
    every aspect of the Othodox Church its history,
    councils, canons, dogmas, and disciplines
  • Children do not attend classes. They learn about
    the history of the faith, the Othodox Church and
    its traditions, the Sacraments, and the Biblical
    Tradition

20
St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral
  • For 2004-2005, the theme for the St. Sophia
    Sunday School will be Living Our Orthodox
    Faith.
  • They will be impressing on children the
    importance of not only believeing in God and
    having a strong prayer life, but also acting on
    ones faith
  • Children also learn the concept of living the
    Liturgy after the Liturgy, that is, bringing the
    peace, ope, joy, and love of our Divine Liturgy
    into the homes, and into the social lives

21
Gender Roles
22
Study Guide
  • When does a childs first rite of passage begin?
  • Where does the first born middle name usually
    come from?
  • What is a foustanella?

23
Gender Roles
  • Names
  • A childs first rite of passage, for both male
    and female, begins with he/she recieves their
    religious and regional name for baptism
  • Boys-first born takes the name of his grandfather
    from his fathers side
  • Girls-first born takes the name of her
    grandmother from the mothers side
  • Middel name, regardless of gender, is usually the
    fathers first name
  • Family
  • Boys-raised to be the bread winner of the
    family
  • Girls-focus is on family and marriage

24
Gender Roles cont
  • Tradition
  • Weddings-collection of dowry begins when girls
    are toddlers
  • Girls take candy from the stephana tray and
    keep it under their pillow for three nights. On
    the third night they will dream of the man that
    they will marry
  • Bride writes the name of single girls on the
    bottom of her shoe and the first name to get
    erased is the next in line to get married
  • Festive Clothing
  • Boys-A pleaded white skirt known as a foustanella
    (foos-tah-NEL-lah) with a white skirt, a dark
    blue embroider jacket, white stockings, and red
    shoes with pompoms on the top
  • Girls-embroider vests with colorful skirts and
    scarfs, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. The
    scarf is worn on the head and adds character to
    the costume

25
Childs Play
26
Study Guide
  • What is the game that is like telephone?
  • What are the names of the games that require a
    ball?
  • What is the English name for Ta Mila?

27
Childs Play
  • The Little Soldier
  • The Bee
  • The Little Helen
  • Battle with Toy Soldiers (Mahi me stratiotakia)
  • Prison (similar to freeze tag)
  • Berlina (similar to telephone)

28
Ball Games
  • Apples (Ta Mila)
  • Lice
  • Flees

29
Common Games
  • Hide and Seek
  • Marbles
  • Hopscotch
  • Jackstones (Jacks)
  • Kickball

30
Family Life
31
Study Guide
  • What is the most important value in Greek culture
    that is instilled in children?
  • Why is it important for men and women to consider
    family size?
  • What is the basic source for childrens learned
    behavior?

32
Family Life
  • Work family arrangements to traditional views
  • Favoring mother at home with children (if
    able to)
  • Many employed people (mainly women) whose spouse
    is also employed, seriously consider working less
    in order to enhance or restore life satisfaction
  • A woman can not choose to have many children
    (high family involvement), and at the same time,
    work full time (high work involvement)

33
Family Life cont
  • Women and men clearly consider family size as a
    relevant factor in judging anticipated
    satisfaction with life
  • Presence of children in the family has a
    potential to increase as well as decrease life
    satisfaction
  • Among men, the highest anticipated life
    satisfaction corresponds to having one child
  •  Among women, the highest anticipated life
    satisfaction corresponds to having two children
  •  Large families are decreasing

34
Values and Morals
  • American Greeks consider the values of the
    in-group (composed of members of the extended
    family and friends who demonstrate concern and
    support) to be dominant
  •  Greeks spend relatively greats amounts of time
    engaged in activities with nuclear and extended
    family members, feel closer to them, and more
    often live in the proximity of their families
  • Parents are a basic source for children to
    learn behaviors
  •   Social learning occurs through everyday
    interaction with individuals and events
  •   Most important value to instill in children is
    respect for the elderly. Respecting the older
    people who are around you

35
Values cont
  • Most important values instilled in children
  • Respect for the elderly
  • Honesty and Responsibility
  • Proper behavior and Habits
  • Obedience
  • Patriotism
  • Religion and Spirituality
  •  The will to succeed is deeply ingrained in
    children at a very early age
  •  A requisite in life is to learn how to assume
    responsibility also at an early age

36
Study Guide
  • Under whose rule were Greeks forbidden to attend
    schools?
  • When was the school expansion program adopted?
  • In what language is schooling conducted in a
    Greek School?
  • Why do most Greek American Families send their
    children to Greek Schools?
  • What celebration has been seen as a Western
    influence?
  • Why do Greek Americans celebrate Independence
    Day?
  • What is said if your egg is not broken?
  • What are the 3 main types of current
    Greek-American childrens literature?
  • What does Triptych mean?
  • Which type of Greek-American childrens
    literature is more so based on Greek mythology?
  • When did Greek-American childrens literature
    begin to surface?
  • When being baptized you receive the Holy Spirit
    through what sacrament?
  • What are the two parts to Holy Unction?

37
Study Guide
  • When taking Holy Communion you are identifying
    yourself with
  • Do children get all the same rights and
    responsibilities as adults in the Orthodox
    Church?
  • What do children learn in the classes that they
    take?
  • When does a childs first rite of passage begin?
  • Where does the first born middle name usually
    come from?
  • What is a foustanella?
  • What is the game that is like telephone?
  • What are the names of the games that require a
    ball?
  • What is the English name for Ta Mila?
  • What is the most important value in Greek culture
    that is instilled in children?
  • Why is it important for men and women to consider
    family size?
  • What is the basic source for childrens learned
    behavior?

38
Bibliography
  • Greek School- Heather Sandefur
  • Koliopoulos, John S. and Veremis, Thanos M.
    Greece The Modern Sequel. New York New York
    University Press, 2002.
  • Reinhold, Meyer. Classica Americana The Greek
    and Roman Heritage in the United States. Detroit
    Wayne State University Press, 1984.
  • Odijk, Pamela. The Ancient World The Greeks. New
    Jersey Silver Burdett Press, 1989.
  • Greece. World Book Encyclopedia. 1990 Edition 8G.
    World Book Inc. pages 376-389
  • http//athenianacademy.org/
  • http//web.naplesnews.com/03/10/florida/e36664a.ht
    m
  • http//stharalambos.il.goarch.org/greek_school_GSL
    .htmHistory
  • Festivals for Children- Brianne Sandefur
  • De Jongh, Brian. The Companion Guide to Greece.
    Companion Guide. New Edition. 2000
  • Dubios, Jill. Cultures of the World. Marshall
    Cavendish. New York. 2003
  • Gordon, Sharon. Discovering Cultures Greece.
    Benchmark Books. New York. 2004
  • Veremis, Thanos M., and Dradoumis, Mark.
    Historical dictionary of Greece. Scarecrow.1995
  • Woodhouse, C.M. Modern Greece A Short History.
    5th ed., revised. London. Faber and Faber. 1991
  • http//www.humanities.uci.edu/classics/MGSA/links
    .html
  • www.greeknewsonline.com

39
Bibliography
  • Childrens Literature- Jataya Randall
  • Greek Childrens Literature Page. Retrieved
    February 16, 2005 from
  • http//www.angelfire.com/pe/GrChildLit 
  • Manna, A. L. Mitakiodu, C. (1997). Mr.
    Semolina-Semolinus A Greek Folktale. New York
    Atheneum Books for Young Readers.
  •  Orgel, D. (2003). My mothers daughter Four
    Greek Goddesses Speak.Brookfield, CT Roaring
    Brook Press.
  •  Scieszka, J. (1999). Its all Greek to me. New
    York The Penguin Group.
  •  Taking a Stroll Through Time within the Realm of
    Greek Childrens Literature. Retrieved February
    16, 2005 from http//www.angelfire.com/pe/GrChildL
    it/TimeStroll.html
  • Greek Children and their Religion- Stacy Reh
  • Kollias, Doris. dckollias_at_yahoo.com. February
    22, 2005
  •  Sacraments. www.oca.org/pages/orth_chri/Orthodox
    -Faith/Doctrine/sacraments.html. February 27,
    2005.
  •  Sacrament of Chrismation. http//home.it.net.au/
    jgrapsas/pagese/chrism.htm March 1, 2005.
  •  St. Sophia Sunday School Program Living our
    Orthodox Faith. www.stsophia.org/display.
    February 27, 2005
  •  The Holy Trinity in the Sacraments.
    www.oca.org/pages/orth_chri/Orthodox-Faith/Doctrin
    e/Holy-Trinity. February 27, 2005.
  •  The Sacrament of Holy Unction.
    www.stgeorgepiscataway.org/holyunction.html March
    1, 2005
  •  

40
Bibliography
  • Gender Roles- Julian Taylor
  • Customs and Traditions. 1993.
    .
  • DuBois, Jill. Cultures of the world Greece.
    Tarrytown, NY. 1992.
  • Greek American Mall. l.com/TraditionsEng.htm. 2005.
  • The Greek Modern family. 299/colleen/greek/greek_mod.
  • Kapsalis, Grances. Threads of Life The Greek
    Womans Labors of Love. Hellenic Museum and
    Cultral Center. 2003. rg/exhibit.
  • Haas, Gary. Christmas in Greece. 1996-2004.
    .
  • Childs Play-Holly Ostrom
  • DuBois, Jill. Cultures of the World Greece. New
    York Times Media Private Limited, 1992. 
  • Center for Modern Greek Studies. 2 Feb. 2005.
  • http//www.sfsu.edu/modgreek/welcome.html
  • Childhood, Toys and Games. 28 Feb. 2005. The
    Benaki Museum.
  • in.asp
  • Childrens Folk Game Project Greek Traditional
    Games. 1 Feb. 2005
  • http//est.estcomp.ro/cfg?greekhome.html
  • Greek American Mall. 1 Feb. 2005.
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  • http//fdncenter.org/newyork/spotlight/ny_spotlig
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41
Bibliography
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  • Garland, Robert. Daily life of the Ancient
    Greeks. West Port Greenwood publishing Group,
    Inc., 1998.
  • Garland, Robert. The Greek Way of Life From
    conception to old age. New York Cornell
    University Press, 1990.
  • Guhl, E. Koner, W. The Greeks Their Life and
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  • Berggreen, Brit and Marinatos, Nanno. Greece and
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  • Gallant, Thomas W. Brief Histories Modern
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  • Tsagdi, C. Taxildaris, K. Laparidis, K. 2002.
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  • Anderson, M. 1999. Children in-between
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