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Society, Culture, and Sport

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At the end, you will have a greater understanding of the ... 1917 emergence of the NHL. 1926 10 NHL teams. Economic prosperity. Technological changes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Society, Culture, and Sport


1
Society, Culture, and Sport
  • Chapter 20

2
Introduction
  • We will trace the development of sport, both
    nationally and internationally.
  • At the end, you will have a greater understanding
    of the historical evolution of modern day sport.

3
Topics Covered
  • Brief history of sport in Canada
  • Brief history of the Olympic Games
  • Sport and Canadian culture
  • Canadian athlete role models
  • The business of sport
  • Sport as a spectacle
  • Being and informed consumer

4
Brief History of Sport in Canada
5
Early Canada (1600-1850)
  • New France (1665)
  • Early Native Culture games
  • Focus on
  • Religious practice
  • Cultural values
  • Teaching of survival skills
  • Baggataway
  • English Colony (1763)
  • British wealth
  • Cricket
  • Horse racing
  • Fox hunting
  • Snow shoeing
  • Under class
  • No time or money
  • Drinking

6
Victorian Period (1850-1920)
Development of modern sport as leisure activity
Industrialization urbanization
New concept of free time
1850 1860 1890 1920
  • Many leagues regularly scheduled competitions
  • Rule standardization
  • Increased focus on participation and spectator
    sports
  • Focus on socializing
  • No leagues competitions
  • Few common rules

7
Emergence of Sport as a Commodity (1920-1960)
Great Depression
WWII
1950s
  • Sport commercialization
  • Amateur and professional sports
  • Sense of nationalism
  • Big business
  • Spectatorship (through TV )
  • Example Hockey
  • 1917 emergence of the NHL
  • 1926 10 NHL teams

Economic prosperity Technological
changes Population growth
8
Sport and the Canadian State (1960-Present)
  • Role of government in Canadian sport
  • Call for government to improve sport domain
  • Sport leader became more accepting of government
    involvement
  • J. Diefenbaker recognized sport as a national
    pride booster
  • Duke of Edinburgh rebuked Canadians for their
    low fitness

9
  • Bill C-131
  • Marked the first time the federal government was
    committed to the promotion and development of
    sport.
  • Resulted in
  • Annual funding
  • Initiation of the Canada Games
  • Research grant and scholarships for Physical
    Education specialists

10
Brief History of Olympic Games
11
  • ATHENS, 1896
  • Not financed by Greek government
  • 13 countries
  • 9 sports
  • 311 male athletes
  • STOCKHOLM, 1912
  • Well organized
  • 2490 male athletes
  • 57 female athletes (swimming)
  • LONDON, 1908
  • Returned some pride
  • All judges British
  • PARIS, 1900
  • Poorly organized
  • Little attention
  • 13 sports added
  • Women competed (golf tennis)
  • ST. LOUIS, 1904
  • Coincided with World Fair
  • 12 countries
  • Majority competitors American

12
WWI 1914-1918
  • LOS ANGELES, 1932
  • Reduced of participants (travel costs)
  • Many more spectators
  • 1st Olympic village
  • AMSTERDAM, 1928
  • Women participated in athletics and gymnastics
  • 48 countries
  • ANTWERP, 1920
  • 29 countries
  • Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey not
    allowed
  • PARIS, 1924
  • Large increase in of countries (44) and of
    competitors (3092)

13
WWII 1939-1945
  • BERLIN, 1936
  • Hitlers means of propaganda
  • Jesse Owens foiled Hitlers plan by winning 4
    gold medals
  • MELBOURNE, 1956
  • Equestrian events held in Sweden
  • Spain, Holland, China, Egypt, Lebanon pulled
    out for different political reasons
  • E W Germany combined
  • HELSINKI, 1952
  • Friendly Games (no Germany)
  • Soviet Union participated after 40 years
  • Beginnings of East-West rivalry
  • LONDON, 1948
  • 59 countries
  • 4,500 competitors
  • Germany, Japan, Soviet Union did not attend

14
  • MONTREAL, 1976
  • Extremely costly
  • Heavy security
  • French Canadians upset because of Queens
    Elizabeth II opening
  • Taiwan withdrew
  • African country boycotted in support of Apartheid
    policy
  • ROME, 1960
  • All-white South African team
  • Viewed by world-wide TV
  • 1st performance drug-related death
  • TOKYO, 1964
  • South Africa banned because of apartheid policy
  • Korea Indonesia not allowed
  • Successful and expensive
  • MUNICH, 1972
  • Another protest against inequality of black
    people in USA
  • Rhodesia not allowed for having all-white team
  • Palestinian terrorists killed several Israelis
  • MEXICO CITY, 1968
  • E W Germany separate teams
  • Demonstration against poverty and inequality of
    black people in USA
  • 1st drug tests

15
  • MOSCOW, 1980
  • Boycotted by Western nations
  • 80 nations
  • Heavy security
  • ATLANTA, 1996
  • Almost every country participated (197)
  • 10,788 athletes
  • Soviet Union replaced by Russian Federation and
    independent countries
  • Small bomb only dark side
  • BARCELONA, 1992
  • Entirely peaceful
  • Soviet Union replaced by a unified team
  • E W Germany one team
  • Slovenia separate from Yugoslavia
  • USA bb Dream Team
  • LOS ANGELES, 1984
  • Most commercialized to date
  • Enormous profit
  • Soviet Union, Cuba, and most Eastern European
    countries boycotted
  • 140 nations
  • SEOUL, 1988
  • Well organized huge profit
  • No problems
  • Ben Johnson
  • Professional Tennis players attended 1st time

16
  • SYDNEY, 2000
  • Flawlessly organized
  • No incidents
  • 10,651 athletes
  • 300 events
  • Closing ceremonies were a spectacle

17
  • Conclusions
  • Olympics are greatly affected by current
    political affairs
  • It appears that a new era of sporting peace has
    evolved
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