Ancient Egyptian Art - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Ancient Egyptian Art


1
Ancient EgyptianArt
  • The 3 main periods in Egyptian history
  • Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom

2
The Art
  • Who created and owned the art

Owned the art
Pharaoh
Produced writings/hieroglyphics
Priests/Scribes
Created the art
Craftspeople
Peasants
3
1. Old Kingdom
  • Architecture pyramids
  • The first pyramids were constructed as successors
    to the low rectangular tombs, called mastabas.
  • The first pyramid was the Step Pyramid of King
    Zoser designed by Imhotep- who was the first
    artist/architect in history.
  • Step Pyramid a solid stone structure which
    consists of six huge steps of mastabas on top of
    each other.

4
The Great Pyramids
  • The Great Pyramids of Giza are a series of three
    large pyramids.
  • Cheops was the first and largest built in 2530
    BC.
  • It is 55 stories high and was the tallest
    structure in the world before modern skyscrapers.
  • All three pyramids are protected by the Great
    Sphinx

5
Sculpture
  • Statues of people standing, sitting or seated on
    the floor.
  • The carvings of the standing figures was cut from
    a single block of slate.
  • Figures are stylized and formal appearance.
  • Their pose is called frontal because both figures
    are facing and looking straight ahead.

Mycerinus and His Queen, about 2470 BC.
6
2. Middle Kingdom
  • Architecture shifted from pyramids to the
    construction of funerary temples.
  • Art continued to flourish, with craftspeople
    still holding an honoured position in society.
  • Craftspeople carved wood into figures, boats,
    weapons and other items.
  • Example of wooden Funerary Barge typical
    boats that were buried with the dead, to be used
    as transportation in the afterlife.

7
3. New Kingdom
  • Described as the Golden Age in Egypts history.
  • Continued to build funerary temples. Temples
    began to be built to worship the gods.
  • Characteristics of art
  • stylized figures
  • use of registers figures are drawn in layers,
    like comic books.
  • gods depicted as animals or half animals.
  • The face is in profile , but the eye and torso
    face the viewer.
  • Descriptive perspective is used most important
    figures are shown larger than the less important
    ones.

8
Mask of King Tutankhamen
  • King Tutankhamen became Pharaoh at the age of
    nine. He is Egypts most famous pharaoh because
    of his possessions/art found in his tomb.
  • His tomb was discovered in the year 1922 by an
    archaeologist called Howard Carter.
  • His tomb had never been robbed because its
    entrance was hidden by debris from later tombs.
  • Tutankhamens mummy wore a solid gold portrait
    mask. It was inlaid with precious stones,
    coloured glass and imitation lapis lazuli - a
    semiprecious blue stone considered valuable by
    the Egyptians.
  • Three mummy-shaped coffins nested inside the
    rectangular stone coffin. The mask comes from the
    innermost mummy case in the pharaohs tomb.
  • The emblems on the forehead (vulture and cobra)
    and on the shoulders (falcon heads) were symbols
    of the Two Lands of Upper and Lower Egypt and of
    divine authority.
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Ancient Egyptian Art

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Title: Ancient Egyptian Art


1
Ancient EgyptianArt
  • The 3 main periods in Egyptian history
  • Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom

2
The Art
  • Who created and owned the art

Owned the art
Pharaoh
Produced writings/hieroglyphics
Priests/Scribes
Created the art
Craftspeople
Peasants
3
1. Old Kingdom
  • Architecture pyramids
  • The first pyramids were constructed as successors
    to the low rectangular tombs, called mastabas.
  • The first pyramid was the Step Pyramid of King
    Zoser designed by Imhotep- who was the first
    artist/architect in history.
  • Step Pyramid a solid stone structure which
    consists of six huge steps of mastabas on top of
    each other.

4
The Great Pyramids
  • The Great Pyramids of Giza are a series of three
    large pyramids.
  • Cheops was the first and largest built in 2530
    BC.
  • It is 55 stories high and was the tallest
    structure in the world before modern skyscrapers.
  • All three pyramids are protected by the Great
    Sphinx

5
Sculpture
  • Statues of people standing, sitting or seated on
    the floor.
  • The carvings of the standing figures was cut from
    a single block of slate.
  • Figures are stylized and formal appearance.
  • Their pose is called frontal because both figures
    are facing and looking straight ahead.

Mycerinus and His Queen, about 2470 BC.
6
2. Middle Kingdom
  • Architecture shifted from pyramids to the
    construction of funerary temples.
  • Art continued to flourish, with craftspeople
    still holding an honoured position in society.
  • Craftspeople carved wood into figures, boats,
    weapons and other items.
  • Example of wooden Funerary Barge typical
    boats that were buried with the dead, to be used
    as transportation in the afterlife.

7
3. New Kingdom
  • Described as the Golden Age in Egypts history.
  • Continued to build funerary temples. Temples
    began to be built to worship the gods.
  • Characteristics of art
  • stylized figures
  • use of registers figures are drawn in layers,
    like comic books.
  • gods depicted as animals or half animals.
  • The face is in profile , but the eye and torso
    face the viewer.
  • Descriptive perspective is used most important
    figures are shown larger than the less important
    ones.

8
Mask of King Tutankhamen
  • King Tutankhamen became Pharaoh at the age of
    nine. He is Egypts most famous pharaoh because
    of his possessions/art found in his tomb.
  • His tomb was discovered in the year 1922 by an
    archaeologist called Howard Carter.
  • His tomb had never been robbed because its
    entrance was hidden by debris from later tombs.
  • Tutankhamens mummy wore a solid gold portrait
    mask. It was inlaid with precious stones,
    coloured glass and imitation lapis lazuli - a
    semiprecious blue stone considered valuable by
    the Egyptians.
  • Three mummy-shaped coffins nested inside the
    rectangular stone coffin. The mask comes from the
    innermost mummy case in the pharaohs tomb.
  • The emblems on the forehead (vulture and cobra)
    and on the shoulders (falcon heads) were symbols
    of the Two Lands of Upper and Lower Egypt and of
    divine authority.
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