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Windows XP System Utilities

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Title: Windows XP System Utilities


1
Windows XP System Utilities
  • 70-270 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP
    Professional

2
Control Panel Overview (Page 1)
  • Control Panel
  • One of most important centralized locations for
    in Windows XP management utilities
  • From Start menu, select Settings, then Control
    Panel
  • There are new applets in XP
  • An applet is a small application designed for a
    limited range of functionality or capability

3
Control Panel Overview (Page 2)
  • There is a new "Category view" (default) as well
    as the original "Classic" view
  • A hyperlink in the upper left corner of each
    window facilitates switching between the two views

4
Control Panel in Category View
5
Control Panel in Classic View
6
Control Panel Overview (Page 3)
  • In Category view, selecting any option displays
    dialog window with two sections
  • "Pick a task"
  • Displays links to launch wizards which guide user
    through a specific task
  • "Pick a Control Panel icon"
  • Displays names of the commands for that group
    from the Control Panel "Classic" view

7
Control Panel Categories
8
Control Panel Categories in Category View and
Related Applets in Classic View
  • Accessibility Options
  • Accessibility Options
  • Add or Remove Programs
  • Add or Remove Programs
  • Appearance and Themes
  • Display, Folder Options, Taskbar and Start Menu
  • Date, Time, Language, and Regional Options
  • Date and Time, Regional, Language Options
  • Network and Internet Connections
  • Internet Options, Network Connections
  • Performance and Maintenance
  • Administrative Tools, Power Options, Scheduled
    Tasks, System
  • Printers and Other Hardware
  • Game Controllers, Keyboard, Mouse, Phone and
    Modem Options, Printers and Faxes, Scanners and
    Cameras
  • Sounds, Speech, and Audio Devices
  • Speech, Sounds, Audio Devices
  • User Accounts
  • User Accounts

9
Accessibility Options (Page 1)
  • Special interface features for the visual-,
    audio-, or movement-impaired user
  • Select the "Keyboard" tab for
  • StickyKeysenables pressing , and
    once without holding them down
  • FilterKeysenables ignoring quick or repeated
    keystrokes
  • ToggleKeysaudible tone plays when ,
    and are down

10
Accessibility Options (Page 2)
  • Select the "Sound" tab for
  • SoundSentrydisplays visual clues when system
    plays a sound
  • ShowSoundsdisplays captions showing the system
    has played a specific sound
  • Select the "Display" tab for
  • High Contrastcreates contrast between text and
    background to improve reading
  • Cursor Optionmodifies cursor blink speed and
    cursor width

11
Accessibility Options (Page 3)
  • Select the "Mouse" tab for
  • MouseKeysalters the numeric keypad function so
    that it controls the movement of the mouse

12
Accessibility Options (Page 4)
  • Select the "General" tab for
  • Automatic resetautomatically turns off
    accessibility options if idle for specified time
  • Notificationsets whether or not to give a visual
    or audible warning before turning off
    accessibility options
  • SerialKey devicesfor configuring and selecting
    serial port for alternative key or mouse input
    devices (including baud rate)
  • Administrative optionsapply all the settings to
    logon desktop and/or new users

13
The Accessibility Folder (Page 1)
  • Additional accessibility tools found by selecting
    Start ? Programs ? Accessories ? Accessibility
  • Accessibility Wizard
  • Self-prompting applet that asks for special needs
    including text size, color, display,
    configuration, sound, and pointer settings
  • Magnifier
  • Zooms in on specific items

14
The Accessibility Folder (Page 2)
  • Narrator
  • Limited text-to-voice application
  • On-Screen Keyboard
  • For keying text with a pointing device
  • Utility Manager
  • Applet which can activate "Magnifier", "Narrator"
    and "On-Screen Keyboard" automatically each time
    user logons on

15
Add Hardware (Page 1)
  • Every time the system starts up, it polls the
    entire computer for new devices
  • XP's attempt to identify a new device is called
    Plug and Play (PnP)
  • Always install new device first then turn on
    system and wait to see if it is detected
  • Installs drivers automatically or prompts for
    alternative source path (a disk or CD/DVD)

16
Add Hardware (Page 2)
  • The "Add Hardware" Wizard
  • Used for manual configuration
  • Only use
  • If PnP fails and
  • After discovering there is no vendor-supplied
    installation utility
  • Wizard is not difficult to follow

17
Device Manager (Page 1)
  • After devices are installed, this applet can
    manage, configure, trouble-shooting and removing
    them
  • Discussed later in the chapter
  • To run Device Manager
  • Click "System" icon in Control Panel
  • Select "Hardware" tab
  • Click button in the "Device
    Manager" group

18
Device Manager (Page 2)
  • Also found in "My Computer"
  • Select "View system information" then continue
    with steps 2 and 3 above
  • Or right-click "My Computer" and select
    Properties from shortcut menu
  • Then continue with steps 2 and 3

19
Add or Remove Programs (Page 1)
  • Change or Remove Programs
  • Displays installed applications, disk space for
    the application, and usage frequency
  • Only if application's setup routine includes a
    partial or optional setup method
  • Add New Programs
  • From vendor supplied disk
  • From Microsoft Update website
  • Over Internet through "Intellimirror" and
    "Windows Installer"

20
Add or Remove Programs (Page 2)
Activitytry removing and then reinstalling "MSN
Explorer" (need XP install disk)
  • Add/Remove Windows Components Wizard
  • Add XP components not included in the initial
    installation, i.e.
  • Faxing service, Indexing service, Internet
    Information Services (IIS), etc.
  • Remove components no longer needed

21
Administrative Tools
  • Shortcut to Administrative Tools option which is
    discussed briefly in this chapter, as well as in
    subsequent chapters

22
Date and Time (Page 1)
  • For setting date, time, and time zone
  • Clock setting is maintained directly in the
    systems BIOS
  • The reason the clock usually is close to the
    correct time whenever the computer boots
  • Time Zone tab
  • World map and pull-down list of time zones
  • Automatically updates for daylight savings time
    if checked

23
Date and Time (Page 2)
  • On non-domain computers, Internet Time tab
    defines a server on the Internet to which clock
    automatically synchronizes
  • Machines on domains synchronize time
    automatically to the domain server (the tab may
    not be visible)

24
Display (Page 1)
  • Used to make interface changes
  • Also accessed by right-clicking desktop and
    selecting "Properties" from shortcut menu

25
Display (Page 2)
Activityfeel free to make changes on other tabs
to be saved as a new theme
  • Themes tab
  • Overall visual styling including background,
    icons, sounds and other elements
  • Starts with two basic themes Windows XP and
    Windows Classic
  • User creates new themes by modifying elements on
    the four other tabs
  • Then click button and name the new
    personalized theme
  • Additional themes can be downloaded from the
    Internet

26
Display (Page 3)
  • Desktop tab
  • Select wallpaper graphic, center, stretch or tile
    it

27
Display (Page 4)
  • Desktop tab (con.)
  • Click button to
  • On the "General" tab
  • To select if icons display on the Desktop for My
    Documents, My Computer, My Network Places and
    Internet Explorer
  • Change desktop icons for the applications listed
    above as well as for Recycle Bin
  • Enable/disable Desktop Cleanup Wizard to clean up
    unused icons every 60 days
  • On the "Web" tab to select a webpage to display
    on the Desktop

28
Display (Page 5)
  • Screen Saver tab
  • Define and set wait period before screen saver
    activates
  • Sets energy-saving features including wait time
    to shut down monitor and hard drive, when to
    standby or hibernate
  • Additional battery monitoring features for
    notebooks and portables

29
Display (Page 6)
  • Appearance tab
  • Window and button scheme, color scheme, and font
    size
  • Select the button to modify effects
    including transitions for menus and tool tips,
    large icons, etc
  • Select the button to modify individual
    appearance elements
  • I.e. Desktop, menus, tool tips, etc.

30
Display (Page 6)
  • Settings tab
  • Screen resolution, the higher the resolution, the
    better the image but the smaller the images
  • I.e. 800 x 600, 1024 x 768, 1280 x 800, etc.
  • Color quality (16-bit or 32-bit)
  • Click button to launch the
    Microsoft "Help and Support Center"

31
Advanced Display Settings (Page 1)
  • Clicking button on "Settings" tab of
    Display applet accesses dialog for setting video
    card and monitor properties
  • Available tabs vary depending upon the installed
    hardware and drivers
  • There are five (5) default tabs

32
Advanced Display Settings (Page 2)
  • The General tab
  • Sets DPI (dots per inch)default is 96
  • Sets system restart options when modifying DPI
    (1) restart required (2) restart not
    requiredsome applications may not display
    correctly or (3) ask before restart
  • The Adapter tab
  • Displays video card information
  • Click button to access the Device
    Manager's dialog for the video card

33
Advanced Display Settings (Page 3)
  • Monitor tab
  • Displays and sets screen refresh rate
  • Click button to access the Device
    Manager's dialog for the monitor
  • Troubleshoot tab
  • Displays and sets hardware acceleration of video
    card
  • Adjust level downward to solve problems with
    corrupted images, shadowed cursors, etc.

34
Advanced Display Settings (Page 4)
  • Color Management tab
  • For installing color profiles which fine-tune
    video card and monitor for color clarity and
    trueness
  • Predefined profiles may be included with the card
    driver set, or available from the video card
    and/or monitor vendor
  • Additional tabs are hardware dependent based upon
    installed display components

35
Advanced Display Settings (Page 5)
  • "Dualview" is XP's capability to use multiple
    display devices (monitors)
  • Up to 10 monitors may be connected to a single
    computer

36
Activity 3-3 To Add Additional Monitors to Your
Configuration
  • Objective Add monitors to your configuration
  • Use Display applet to specify that the computer
    is for home use
  • Use Settings to add monitors to display
  • Select each monitor select "Extend my Windows
    desktop onto this monitor"

37
Folder Options (Page 1)
  • Options for all folders on all drives
  • The General tab
  • Show common tasks in common folders or use
    Windows classic folders (Task Menu at the left of
    the window)
  • Open each folder in the same window or a separate
    window
  • Open folders by single- or double-clicking
  • Single-clicking option displays each file as
    though it were a hyperlink in a webpage

38
Folder Options (Page 2)
  • The View tab
  • A series of checkboxes which determine how file
    information is displayed in a folder (the
    functional and visual parameters)
  • "Hide extensions for known file types" can make
    it more difficult to know which file belongs to a
    specific application

39
Folder Options (Page 3)
  • The View tab (con.)
  • Folder views group near the top only from Folder
    Options in the Tools menu when viewing a folder
    in "Windows Explorer"
  • I.e. Tiles, Icons, List or Details
  • "Apply to All Folders" the setting for the
    current folder
  • "Reset All Folders" to their defaults

40
Folder Options (Page 4)
  • The File Types tab
  • Associate file extensions with applications
  • When a specific file is selected, software
    application to which that particular file type is
    associated will launch
  • File extensions can be added or deleted from the
    list
  • The button allows alternate operations
    to be performed on the file rather than opening it

41
Folder Options (Page 5)
  • The Offline Files tab stores network files on the
    local machine so the user can work with them even
    when not online
  • Covered in Chapter 4

42
Fonts
  • Lists all currently installed fonts
  • Add fonts from the Install New Font command in
    the File menu on menu bar
  • The file with the font must be available
  • Remove fonts like any other file
  • Delete command from File (or shortcut menu) or
    key on keyboard
  • Select a font then File? Open (or shortcut menu)
    to launch "Windows Font Viewer"
  • Click button for font samples

43
Windows Font Viewer
44
Game Controllers
  • Install and configure
  • Joysticks
  • Other gaming controls
  • Connected to sound cards and serial ports
  • The dialog offers device-specific properties and
    troubleshooting aids

45
Internet Options
  • Define settings for Internet Explorer
  • Settings for general Internet access
  • Applet is discussed in Chapter 8

46
Keyboard
  • The Speed tab
  • Character repeat group
  • "Repeat delay"how long before a key that is held
    down starts repeating
  • "Repeat rate"how fast will that key repeat
  • There is a textbox for testing the settings
  • Cursor blink rate group sets the insertion point
    from no blink ("None") to "Fast"
  • Visible insertion point is used to test settings
  • The Hardware tab for troubleshooting and updating
    the keyboard device and driver

47
Mouse (Page 1)
  • The Buttons tab
  • Button configurationto make right button the
    primary for selecting and dragging
  • Double-click speedfrom "Slow" to "Fast"
  • ClickLockactivates the ability to use the mouse
    to highlight or drag without holding down the
    button
  • button use used to modify how long
    mouse button must be down initially before the
    feature activates

48
Mouse (Page 2)
  • The Pointers tab enables changing the viewable
    pointer to different images
  • There is a drop-down list of different styles of
    groupingsthe default is "Windows Default (system
    scheme)"
  • Any grouping can be modified or new style groups
    created
  • Click button to find new images
  • Click checkbox to Enable pointer shadow

49
Mouse (Page 3)
  • The Pointer Options tab
  • "Motion" setting is how fast screen pointer moves
    when mouse is dragged
  • When "Snap to" is on, mouse automatically moves
    to the default button for a dialog when that
    window opens
  • The "Visibility" group can
  • Enable a trail when mouse pointer moves
  • Hide pointer while typing
  • Highlight the mouse location when the key
    is clicked

50
Mouse (Page 4)
  • The Wheel tab is used to control how far
    documents scroll for each click of the mouse
    wheel
  • Either a specific number of lines up or down in
    the document
  • Or one page up or down
  • The Hardware tab for troubleshooting and updating
    the mouse device and driver

51
Network Connections
  • Manage all network connections
  • Includes
  • LAN (local area network) connections which is
    where the IP address information is entered for
    Internet connectivity
  • RAS
  • WAN
  • Applet is discussed in Chapters 7 and 8

52
View or Update IP Address Data
  • To access the IP address screen in XP
  • Launch the Network Connections applet in the
    Control Panel
  • Double-click on "Local Area Connection"
  • Click the button
  • Select "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" from the list
    and click the button
  • Or simply double-click the item in the list
  • View/enter IP and DNS server addresses (the group
    radio buttons must be on)

53
Activity 3-4 Configuring Windows XP for
Standalone Use
  • Objective Configure Windows XP to run as a
    standalone computer
  • Use System applet to specify that the computer is
    for home use
  • Computer Name tab
  • Network ID button
  • Select "This computer is for home use and is not
    part of a business network"

54
Phone and Modem Options
  • Define dialing locations
  • Install and configure modems
  • Configure Remote Access Service (RAS) and
    Telephony API (TAPI)
  • Applet is discussed in Chapter 8

55
Power Options (Page 1)
  • Power Schemes tabto select from a drop-down list
    of named power scheme options
  • The "Settings for " group allows setting when to
    turn off the monitor and/or hard drives, as well
    as when to go into standby or hibernate mode
  • Separate settings exist for when machine is
    powered either plugged in or running on battery
    power

56
Power Options
57
Power Options (Page 2)
  • Power Schemes tab(con.)
  • In standby mode, computer is running on lower
    power with all data saved in RAM in case of a
    power loss, all data is lost, but restarts
    quickly
  • In hibernate mode, system is saved to a temporary
    disk data file when the system "awakes"
    previously running applications are restored
    completely, but takes longer
  • Standby manually places system into
    hibernation ???

58
Power Options (Page 3)
  • Alarms tabavailable only on portable machines
    with an internal battery
  • Settings alarm warning percentages for low
    battery (typically 10) and critical battery
    (typically 3)
  • Power Meter tabdisplays the power status of the
    AC plug (Is it plugged in?) and a meter showing
    how much battery power remains

59
Power Options (Page 4)
  • Advanced tabselect to set any of the following
    options
  • A checkbox to select "Always show (power) icon on
    the taskbar"
  • A checkbox to select "Prompt for password when
    computer resumes from standby"
  • Drop-down lists to determine what happens when
    power button is pressed, sleep button is pressed,
    lid on notebook is closed, i.e.
  • Turn off, hibernate, go into standby, etc.

60
Power Options (Page 5)
  • Hibernate tabselect to turn on/off the
    hibernation feature (checkbox)
  • Disk space requirements and availability are
    displayed

61
Activity 3-5 Configuring Power Options
  • Objective Learn how to configure power options
  • Follow instructions to create a power scheme
    named "Never Use"

62
Printers and Faxes
  • Install, share, and configure many types of
    output devices
  • Printers, film printers, slide printers, faxes
  • Manage the print queue
  • Folder where print jobs waiting for printer to
    become available are stored into a file on disk
  • Applet is discussed in Chapter 9

63
Regional and Language Options (Page 1)
  • Regional Options tabselect to define
    location-specific uses or requirements for
  • Numbers, currency, time and dates
  • Click the button for GUI wizards to
    automate the process
  • Languages tabused to configure default input
    language
  • An input localeis a combination of language and
    keyboard layout which defines how data is entered
    into computer

64
Regional and Language Options (Page 2)
  • Advanced tabenables the configuration support
    for non-Unicode programs and conversion tables
  • For programming language interpreters

65
Scanners and Cameras
  • Install drivers
  • Configure digital cameras and optical scanners
  • Plug and Play devices like a digital camera
    plugged into a USB port may not require
    configuration using this applet

66
Scheduled Tasks
  • Automate starting and running of various tasks
    and applications
  • Add Scheduled Task Wizard
  • Step-by-step scheduling
  • Start by clicking the "Add Scheduled Task" icon
    in the "Scheduled Task" window
  • Can be moved from system to system
  • Define administrative actions or batch files on
    single computer
  • Place on client systems

67
Activity 3-6 Scheduling Tasks
  • Objective Use Scheduled Tasks to automatically
    start an application at a specified time
  • Use Scheduled Tasks Wizard to launch application
    (Calc.exe) at scheduled time
  • Necessary to enter Administrator password

68
Sounds and Audio Devices
  • Volume tabset master volume for sound card and
    speakers
  • Sounds tabassign specific sounds to different
    program events
  • Audio and Voice tabsselect and configure sound
    card and sound devices for recording and
    playback
  • Also (on the Audio tab) select which device will
    be used for MIDI playback
  • Hardware tabset properties for and troubleshoot
    all system audio devices

69
Activity 3-7 Custom Sound (Page 1)
  • Objective Customize the sounds for different
    events on the computer
  • Use Sounds and Audio Devices applet to create
    custom sounds scheme
  • Select Sounds tab
  • Sound Scheme "Windows Default"if prompted to
    save previous"No"
  • Program Events Programs?Asterisk
  • Sounds "(None)"

70
Activity 3-7 Custom Sound (Page 2)
  • Use Sounds and Audio Devices applet (con.)
  • Program Events Programs?Asterisk
  • Sounds Any sound you would like
  • Click button
  • Name "Windows Example 1"
  • Restart computer

71
Speech
  • Speech recognition tabto convert the speaker's
    voice to text
  • Text-to-speech tabcapability reads and speaks
    document text
  • For Microsofts Speech API (SAPI) compatible
    applications
  • Distinct from the "Narrator" Accessibility
    Accessory application

72
System (Page 1)
  • Most important of Control Panel applets
  • Essential for Microsoft 70-270 exam
  • General tabdisplays
  • O/S version and service pack level
  • The registered user name and licensing
  • Basic hardware information including the CPU type
    and speed, and the amount of physical RAM

73
System (Page 2)
  • Computer Name tabused to change computer name or
    to join domain network or a workgroup
  • Click the button to launch the
    "Network Identification Wizard" to connect to a
    domain server
  • Click the button to change the system
    name, or alter domain or workgroup membership

74
System (Page 3)
  • Computer Name tab(con.)
  • May also be accessed from the Network Connections
    applet on the "Advanced" menu by clicking
  • Controls on this tab are discussed in Chapters 7
    and 8

75
System (Page 4)
  • Hardware tabselect
  • button only if Plug and
    Play, and device install disk fails
  • button to set system
    requirements for drivers that have not passed
    Microsoft Windows Hardware Quality Labs
    evaluation and tests

76
System (Page 5)
  • Hardware tab(con.)
  • button to list and manage all
    installed and known devices and to check any
    device's status
  • button to setup and store
    different hardware configurations
  • Driver signing, Device Manager, and Hardware
    profiles covered later in chapter

77
System (Page 6)
  • Advanced tabselect
  • Performance groupsettings for optimizing visual
    effects, processor scheduling, memory usage, and
    virtual memory
  • User Profiles groupset roaming or not
  • Startup and Recovery groupcontrol machine
    behavior during startup as well as when it is
    recovering from a system error (covered later in
    chapter)

78
System (Page 7)
  • Advanced tab(con.)
  • Environment Variables buttonview and manage
    (covered later in chapter)
  • Error Reporting buttonenable or disable (covered
    later in chapter)

79
System (Page 8)
  • System Restore tabenable or disable, and select
    amount of disk space to use for this applet
  • Discussed in Chapter 14
  • Automatic Updates tabenable/disable the
    automatic downloading and installation of Windows
    XP updates
  • Discussed in Chapter 14

80
System (Page 9)
  • Remote tabenable, disable and configure
  • Remote Assistancelets user at a remote machine
    connect to your computer to walk you through a
    solution to a problem
  • Remote Desktopgives you access to a Windows
    session on your computer from another machine
  • Both discussed in Chapter 7

81
Driver Signing (Page 1)
  • Driver signing identifies whether drivers have
    passed Microsoft Windows Hardware Quality Labs
    testing
  • Configuring the system's response to an unsigned
    driver is found on the Hardware tab of the System
    applet

82
Driver Signing (Page 2)
  • Options are
  • Ignoreinstall anyway
  • Warnprompt each time for an action
  • Blocknever install unsigned driver
  • The "Make this action the system default"
    checkbox allows administrator to make the option
    the default for all users

83
Device Manager (Page 1)
  • The button to launch "Device Manager" is found on
    the Hardware tab of the System applet
  • Lists all known devices and their status
  • A yellow exclamation point or stop sign over
    device icon indicates a problem
  • Double-click device icon to open its Properties
    dialog window

84
Device Manager (Page 2)
  • General tab of the Properties dialog
  • Displays device type, manufacturer and its
    location
  • Click the button to open a
    browser window and launch the "Windows XP Help
    and Support Center"
  • The "Device usage" drop down list is used to
    enable or disable the device

85
Device Manager (Page 3)
  • Drive tab of the Properties dialog
  • Shows the filename and other information about
    the device driver (software)
  • Click button to view a listing
    of all files that make up the driver, as well as
    information about each
  • Click button to launch the
    "Hardware Update Wizard" it may be necessary to
    provide a disk with updated or replacement driver

86
Device Manager (Page 4)
  • Driver tab of the Properties dialog (con.)
  • Click the button to uninstall
    updated or replacement driver if it presents
    problems
  • Click the button to completely
    uninstall driver still may be detected until
    system reboots

87
Device Manager (Page 5)
  • Resources tab of the Properties dialog
  • Shows device's resource settings (IRQ, memory
    range, etc.) and indicates if any settings are in
    conflict with another device
  • Non-Plug and Play devices often have settings
    that in conflict with existing device
  • May be necessary to preset jumpers or dip
    switches, or re-configure device after it is
    installed

88
Activity 3-8 Managing Devices
  • Objective Verify that there are no problems with
    the CD-ROM drive using Device Manager
  • Follow instructions to export Device Manager
  • During this activity, the missing video driver
    should be installed

89
Activity 3-9 Hardware Resource Configuration
  • Objective Use Device Manager to verify and
    configure the resources for hardware
  • Follow instructions to set manual configuration
    for a device

90
Hardware Profiles (Page 1)
  • A collection of enabled hardware device specific
    to a situation
  • Often used on portables where hardware
    configurations may change from one location to
    another
  • Typically enables and disables network support,
    modems, external monitors, and docking stations

91
Hardware Profiles (Page 2)
  • A hardware profile may be selected each time the
    system boots
  • System will attempt to discover current hardware
    each time it boots and match to an existing
    profile
  • If a match is not found, user will be prompted to
    select one from a list
  • Any changes made within Device Manager are made
    to the current hardware profile

92
Hardware Profiles (Page 3)
  • The button is found on the
    Hardware tab of the System applet

93
Activity 3-10 Multiple Hardware Configurations
  • Objective Use hardware profiles to set up
    different hardware configurations for a
    workstation
  • Follow instructions to create a new hardware
    profile

94
Activity 3-11 A Mobile Computer
  • Objective Create a hardware profile that does
    not use a NIC
  • Create a new hardware profile that does not
    access a network via a NIC

95
Startup and Recovery (Page 1)
  • For defining startup parameters and how STOP
    errors are handled
  • Found on the Advanced tab of System applet

96
Startup and Recovery (Page 2)
  • For the System startup group
  • Select the Default Operating System from a
    drop-down menu
  • The amount of time to display the operating
    system options at system boot time may be
    selected
  • The amount of time to display recovery times also
    may be selected
  • Click the button to work with the
    BOOT.INI file directly

97
Startup and Recovery (Page 3)
  • The System failure group provides options to deal
    with full Windows crash
  • Contents of virtual memory can be saved to a dump
    file--can be enabled and be used to debug system
    or application problems
  • Other options are to send an alert to the
    administrator and to automatically restart
  • Specific type of dump and folder to save it in is
    selected in the Write debugging information group

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Environmental Variables
  • Found on the Advanced tab of System applet
  • System wide and local user environment variables
    control how Windows operates

99
Error Reporting
  • On machines with Internet connectivity, systems
    can report anonymously if an error occurs
  • The button is found on the
    Advanced tab of System applet
  • Enables/disables system reporting for Windows XP
    and/or programs
  • Click button to select all or
    specific programs
  • Advantageous to Microsoft, not the user

100
Taskbar and Start Menu (Page 1)
  • Taskbar tabcheckbox settings for
  • Locking (increase/decrease "Quick Launch" area
    size) or auto-hiding the taskbar
  • Keeping it on top of other windows
  • Grouping similar applications together
  • Showing "Quick Launch" (the one-click application
    icons to the right of Start button)
  • Display clock, or not
  • Controls "Notification Area" (at right end of
    taskbar where clock usually displays)
  • Icons for background applications

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Taskbar and Start Menu (Page 2)
  • Start Menu tabfor selecting between new Windows
    XP or Classic start menu
  • Applet also is launched by right-clicking "Start"
    button and selecting "Properties" from shortcut
    menu

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User Accounts
  • Create and manage local user accounts, passwords,
    and .NET passports
  • Access the Local Users and Groups tool
  • Part of Computer Management from "Administrative
    Tools"
  • Specify whether key
    sequence is required to log on
  • Applet is discussed in Chapter 5

103
Microsoft Management Console Overview
  • Provides structured environment for consoles,
    snap-ins, and extensions
  • Provides consistent interface for all management
    tools
  • MMC utilities are found mainly in Administrative
    Tools
  • Can also be used to create your own custom
    consoles
  • Settings and layout options can be stored as an
    .msc file

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The MMC Console
  • Like a document window
  • Console tree in the left pane
  • Loaded snap-ins and extensions are listed
  • Details pane in the right pane
  • Details associated with the active item from the
    console tree

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Snap-Ins
  • Adds control mechanisms to the MMC console for
    specific service or object
  • Standalone snap-ins
  • Provide main functions for system administration
    and control
  • Extension snap-ins
  • Add functionality to standalone snap-ins

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Activity 3-12 Microsoft Management Console
  • Objective Create an MMC console for managing
    your computer's devices
  • Add the "Device Manager" snap-in
  • Name the file "My Devices.msc"

107
Administrative Tools
  • Must have administrative privileges to use these
    tools
  • Component Services (used by application
    developers)
  • Data Sources (ODBC)
  • Event Viewer (Chapter 10)
  • Local Security Policy (Chapter 6)
  • Performance (Chapter 10)
  • Services (Chapter 15)
  • Computer Management (an MMC utility)

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PCMCIA Or PC Cards
  • PCMCIAs (Personal Computer Memory Card Interface
    Specification) cards are credit card-sized
    devices that can be
  • Memory expansions
  • SCSI cards to connect portable hard drive
  • Network interface cards (NICs) or modems
  • Automatically handled by Windows XP
  • Best to use "Unplug" or "Eject hardware" icon in
    notification area to release control and stop
    device's driver

109
Case Project 3-1 (Nos. 1, 2, 3), p. 130)
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