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Federalism

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Section 2: Growth of Federalism. Section 3: Relations Among the States ... How have grants-in-aid affected the growth of federalism? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Federalism


1
Federalism
CHAPTER 4
  • Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Section 2 Growth of Federalism
  • Section 3 Relations Among the States
  • Section 4 Federalism and the Public Good

2
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Objectives
  • Which powers does the Constitution grant to the
    federal government, and which does it reserve for
    the states?
  • Which powers are denied to the federal
    government, and which are denied to the states?
  • What responsibilities do the federal and state
    governments have to each other?
  • What role do the courts play in the U.S. federal
    system?

3
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Powers of the federal government
  • expressed
  • implied
  • inherent
  • Powers of the states
  • authority to establish local governments and
    school systems
  • power to enact criminal and civil laws
  • power to pass laws promoting public health and
    safety, regulating business within state borders,
    and requiring various professional licenses

4
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Powers denied to the federal government
  • cannot tax exports
  • cannot pass laws favoring the trade of one state
    over another
  • cannot spend money unless authorized by Congress
  • cannot exercise powers not mentioned or implied
    in the Constitution or inherent to the
    governments of all nations
  • cannot deny people accused of crimes the right to
    trial by jury
  • cannot grant titles of nobility

5
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Powers denied to the states
  • cannot issue their own money
  • cannot make treaties
  • cannot go to war unless attacked or authorized to
    do so by Congress
  • cannot manage domestic or foreign trade unless
    authorized by Congress
  • cannot deny people accused of crimes the right to
    trial by jury
  • cannot grant titles of nobility

6
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Responsibilities the federal and state
    governments have to each other
  • Federal responsibilities
  • ensuring that states have republican governments
  • protecting the states from acts of violence and
    helping them after natural disasters
  • respecting the states territories
  • State responsibilities
  • establishing districts from which members of the
    House of Representatives are elected
  • setting rules for electing members to Congress
    and choosing presidential electors
  • paying costs for running elections
  • maintaining the National Guard

7
Section 1 Powers and Responsibilities
  • Role of the courts in the U.S. federal system
  • has the authority to hear cases involving the
    Constitution, U.S. laws, and states disputes
  • makes decisions and resolves disputes between the
    federal government and the states based on the
    rules listed in the Constitution

8
Section 2 Growth of Federalism
  • Objectives
  • How has the federal governments involvement in
    states affairs grown?
  • How have grants-in-aid affected the growth of
    federalism?
  • What role do federal mandates play in federalism?

9
Section 2 Growth of Federalism
  • Examples of the growth of federal governments
    involvement in states affairs
  • law enforcement assistance
  • funding for the National Guard
  • revenue sharing
  • federal grants

10
Section 2 Growth of Federalism
  • Effects of grants-in-aid on the growth of
    federalism
  • increased federal involvement in state and local
    activities
  • increased the growth of state-run programs by
    establishing funding in areas, such as education,
    transportation systems, housing, and programs for
    people in need

11
Section 2 Growth of Federalism
  • Role of federal mandates in federalism
  • direct states and local governments to take
    action on particular issues
  • provide states a choice between allowing actions
    to be carried out at the federal or state level
  • set conditions that states must meet before
    federal funding is disbursed

12
Section 3 Relations Among the States
  • Objectives
  • How are states admitted to the United States?
  • In what ways do the states work together in the
    federal system?

13
Section 3 Relations Among the States
  • Process in which states are admitted to the
    United States
  • A territory petitions Congress.
  • If Congress approves the petition, it passes an
    enabling act and the territory drafts a
    constitution.
  • If both the territorys residents and Congress
    approve the constitution, then Congress passes an
    act of admission making the territory a state.

14
Section 3 Relations Among the States
  • Ways the states cooperate in the federal system
  • recognizing official acts of other states
  • respecting the rights of citizens from other
    states
  • forming interstate compacts
  • honoring requests for extradition

15
Section 4 Federalism and the Public Good
  • Objectives
  • How does the national government in a federal
    system promote the public good?
  • In what ways does dividing the power in a federal
    system help government serve the public good?
  • How has balancing federal and state interests
    helped to promote the public good?

16
Section 4 Federalism and the Public Good
  • Ways the national government promotes the public
    good
  • provides a central authority
  • distributes power
  • balances federal and state interests

17
Section 4 Federalism and the Public Good
  • Ways the division of power in a federal system
    helps government serve the public good
  • encourages alternate solutions
  • checks the power of the federal and state
    governments
  • promotes participation

18
Section 4 Federalism and the Public Good
  • How balancing federal and state interests has
    helped to promote the public good
  • increased federal government involvement in state
    and local activities that affect all U.S.
    citizens
  • worked to protect the rights of all U.S. citizens

19
Chapter Wrap-Up
  • 1. What powers does the Constitution reserve to
    state governments, and what powers does it grant
    to the federal government?
  • 2. What powers does the Constitution deny state
    and federal governments?
  • 3. How has federal involvement in states affairs
    changed?
  • 4. How do federal grants-in-aid support state and
    local governments?

20
Chapter Wrap-Up
  • 5. What three basic forms do federal mandates
    take?
  • 6. How are states admitted into the Union?
  • 7. How do states work together in the federal
    system?
  • 8. How does federalism promote the public good?
  • 9. How does the distribution of power between
    state and federal governments promote the public
    good?
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