UNFCCC DIALOGUE Second Workshop December 16, 2006 NAIROBI EDF contribution to the dialogue : sharing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UNFCCC DIALOGUE Second Workshop December 16, 2006 NAIROBI EDF contribution to the dialogue : sharing

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Title: UNFCCC DIALOGUE Second Workshop December 16, 2006 NAIROBI EDF contribution to the dialogue : sharing


1
UNFCCC DIALOGUESecond WorkshopDecember 16,
2006NAIROBIEDF contribution to the dialogue
sharing our experience on climate change,
development and policy instrumentsClaude
NAHONEDF Senior Vice president Sustainable
Development
2
Basics on electricity
3
Electricity key drivers
  • Access to electricity, like water and transport
  • a key driver to ensuring sustainable development
  • Security of supply in oil/gas/electricity a
    major question
  • increasing interdependence
  • gradual exhaustion of fossil fuels
  • Climate change the need to control CO2
    emissions
  • Electricity sector an important contributor to
    the whole GHG emissions
  • CO2 free technologies available such as
    renewables, hydro and nuclear
  • electricity use important vector to generate
    energy saving in other sectors
  • Massive need for new investments an
    opportunity
  • renewal of existing facilities in developed
    countries
  • growth in developing countries
  • no silver bullet, no "miracle technologies
  • incl. Gas, the price of which has doubled with
    regard to the 90s and which emits CO2

4
What are the main basics concerning electricity
sector ?
  • Two thirds of the world electricity are generated
    from fossil fuels
  • 40 of greenhouse gas emissions
  • Over the next 30 years
  • Huge demand
  • Developing countries (China, India...)
  • Europe (700 GW for renewal)
  • USA
  • Ready answer coal
  • Accessible and affordable
  • But would double volumes of greenhouse gas
    emissions
  • Necessity to
  • Improve energy efficiency
  • Improve demand side management
  • Deploy low carbon and carbon-free technologies
  • Accelerate RD on promising technologies,
    including carbon sequestration (demonstrators)

5
What does EDF group do ?
6
EDF group strategy
  • Energy efficiency
  • Meeting our obligations in France or in UK
  • All our sales departments have now energy
    efficiency targets
  • Our new promotion campaigns are energy
    efficiency oriented
  • CO2 free electricity
  • Remaining the group with the lowest emission per
    kWh rate among the main European companies
  • Investment in Renewables and nuclear
  • EDF "Energies Nouvelles" n1 in wind power in
    France with 20 market share.
  • EDF Group will invest 3 billions in new wind
    farm projects by 2010 (same magnitude as
    investment in new nuclear plant)
  • Access to electricity
  • Keeping momentum
  • Promoting our replicable SSD model
  • Through PPPs
  • RD
  • 1 of our turnover is spent in RD programs
  • which include
  • New renewables geothermal, photovoltaic
  • Energy efficiency
  • Smart metering and network

7
Public/Private partnerships Development/Environm
ent
  • Promoting the concept of decentralized services
    companies in developing countries
  • pilot experiments in rural areas in Mali,
    Senegal, Morocco and South Africa
  • to ensure access to basic energy services
  • Presently developing the Nam Theun 2 project in
    Laos construction is now underway.
  • 1100MW hydroelectric plant
  • 1.4 billion investment (in partnership with
    mainly the Laotian government, the World Bank,
    the Asian Development Bank and Thai investors)
  • 13 of the investment for social and
    environmental issues (biodiversity, water usage,
    populations movements)
  • rising Laoss GDP by 30
  • saving more than 1 million tonnes of CO2 per year
  • Public-private partnerships
  • are an important and appropriate tool for
    development given the character of the
    electricity industry
  • need a clear regulatory framework
  • stable in the long term
  • providing the right incentives to investors.
  • need a financial framework that allows the
    development of replicable and viable financial
    models

8
Working within partnerships e8, Eurelectric,
WBCSD, .
  • Testing and gaining experience with the CDM
    process with the e8 group.
  • Bhutan
  • CDM-registered project supplying
    hydro-electricity to a remote village in Bhutan
  • First e8 project to be officially registered
    under the CDM
  • Potential CDM projects
  • Ecuador (Galapagos) Re-powering using wind
    energy
  • Madagascar Development of a mini-hydro project
    and distribution system in a remote area
  • Collaborating in discussions and statements in
    Eurelectric through the Joint Statement on Future
    Climate Change Frameworkpresented last year
  • Or working with WBCSD
  • in the Energy and climate focus area in its
    trilogy Facts and trends, Pathway 2050 and the
    last presented yesterday Policy directions
    2050)
  • In different working groups (electricity
    utilities, energy efficiency in buildings,

9
Policy Instruments, Markets Oriented Approaches
and International Regimes
10
The Emissions Trading Scheme experiment in EU a
Market based approach
  • We are entering in the third year of the system
  • a carbon price has emerged and starts to channel
    behavior changes in day to day operations, but
    not on the investment side
  • it is the first time that such a market
    instrument works at a regional scale with
    different national entities
  • The implementation of the ETS system in the
    electricity sector enables underlying
    difficulties to surface
  • Energy policies at member state level but not at
    EU level
  • Strong diversity of the member states
    electricity mix
  • Subsidiarity in the implementation of some
    critical ETS rules
  • Many lessons can be taken on board to make the
    ETS instrument incentives investment
    correctly in our sector and possibly pay a larger
    role
  • give long term visibility
  • move to more harmonization between national
    implementations
  • articulate markets approach with other policies
    and measures

11
Routes to follow or to be experimented we
need all !
  • Up to 2012, make the Kyoto Protocol work as well
    and well as possible
  • realize the full benefits of JI and CDM
  • learn the lessons of all experiences, including
    the ETS trading experience
  • Fuel the ongoing process with appropriate ideas
    in order that they become shared by all
  • Have in mind that sectoral approach would help to
    move to an appropriate international architecture
  • Find the right balance between UNFCCC framework,
    Kyoto Protocol framework and local frameworks
  • Use the market-oriented mechanisms to build
    progressively linkages between the various
    approaches
  • How are Parties ready to use markets ?
  • Are Parties ready to sign on targets on the short
    term ?

12
Thank you for your attention
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