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... the firearms in his New Haven, Connecticut, factory, becoming one of the first ... techniques influenced those of Ford Henry, Colt Samuel, and others. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GOAL ONE 1.02

  • The New Nation (1789-1820)
  • The learner will identify, investigate, and
    assess the effectiveness of the institutions of
    the emerging republic.
  • Analyze the political freedoms available to the
    following groups prior to 1820 women, wage
    earners, landless farmers, American Indians,
    African Americans, and other ethnic groups.

Suffrage Requirements
  • the right or privilege of voting. Suffrage in the
    United States has progressed from the colonial
    period, when only wealthy white males of
    sufficient property and acceptable religious
    beliefs had the privilege of voting, to today,
    when all male and female citizens over the age of
    eighteen, regardless of wealth, race, or
    religion, have the right to vote.

Suffrage Requirements
  • Milestones in this halting progress toward
    universal enfranchisement include the Fifteenth
    Amendment (1870) to the Constitution, which
    prohibited discrimination against voters based on
    race or previous condition of servitude the
    Nineteenth Amendment (1920), which granted women
    the right to vote the Voting Rights Act (1965),
    which helped to eradicate the remnants of
    discriminatory poll taxes, literacy tests, and
    other measures aimed at preventing southern
    blacks from registering to vote and the
    Twenty-sixth Amendment (1971), which lowered the
    voting age from twenty-one to eighteen.

  • (1768?-1813), Shawnee chief and political leader.
    With the help of his brother Tenskwatawa ("the
    Prophet"), Tecumseh, hoping to stop the advance
    of white settlers in the Old Northwest, tried to
    unite many of the eastern Indian tribes in a
    confederation. After the Indians were defeated by
    the Americans at the Battle of Tippecanoe in
    1811, Tecumseh joined the British forces during
    the War of 1812. He was killed in the Battle of
    the Thames at Chatham, Ontario, in 1813 while
    leading his warriors against the invading

Cotton Gin
  • a machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that
    separated seeds from cotton fiber. Before its
    invention, it took one person a full day to pick
    the seeds from a pound of cotton. The gin made it
    profitable to grow cotton (thus increasing demand
    for slaves) because it was easy to make,
    inexpensive, and enabled a person to process
    fifty pounds of cotton a day.

Eli Whitney
  • (1765-1825), inventor. As inventor of the cotton
    gin (patented in 1794), which separated lint from
    cotton seeds, Whitney helped make cotton the
    principal money crop of the South. He obtained a
    government contract for ten thousand muskets in
    1798, and used interchangeable parts to
    manufacture the firearms in his New Haven,
    Connecticut, factory, becoming one of the first
    to use mass production methods. His manufacturing
    techniques influenced those of Ford Henry, Colt
    Samuel, and others.

Necessary Evil
  • most Americans regarded slavery as a necessary

  • Term used to describe the act of freeing a person
    who was under the legal authority of another
    (such as a child before the age of majority) from
    that control (such as child reaching the age of
    majority). The term was also used when slavery
    was legal to describe a former slave that had
    bought or been given freedom from his or her
    master. When Abraham Lincoln outlawed slavery he
    did so in a law called the "emancipation

Treaty of Greenville 1796
  • (August 3, 1795), an agreement ending a period of
    warfare with Indians, thus opening the Old
    Northwest Territory for whites to settle in
    apparent safety. It was signed following the
    defeat of the frontier Indians at the Battle of
    Fallen Timbers by ("Mad") Anthony Wayne.
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