Chapter 27 Chills and Fever During the Cold War, 19451960 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 27 Chills and Fever During the Cold War, 19451960

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... and Fever During the Cold War, 1945-1960. The American People, 5th ed. I. Origins of the Cold War. The American Stance/ Soviet ... Early Cold War Leadership ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 27 Chills and Fever During the Cold War, 19451960


1
Chapter 27Chills and Fever During the Cold War,
1945-1960
  • The American People, 5th ed.

2
I. Origins of the Cold War
3
The American Stance/ Soviet Aims
  • The United States emerged from World War II more
    powerful than any other nation and it sought to
    use that power in the creation of a world order
    based on the ideals of democracy
  • Soviet aims included rebuilding after the ravages
    of war, and a restructuring of her borders to
    prevent a repeat German invasion

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6
Early Cold War Leadership
  • Eisenhower saw Communism as a overreaching world
    force bent on domination through subversive
    activity
  • Joseph Stalin, the soviet Leader, possessed
    almost unlimited power and answered to no one
  • Americans distrusted Soviet political aims and
    generally equated Communism with the Nazi state

7
Containing the Soviet Union
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Containment Defined
  • George Kennan is generally credited with defining
    Americas response to the aggressiveness of the
    Soviet Union
  • Containment theory taught that the Soviets would
    never turn from their plans of world domination
    unless hindered by force at every turn
  • Containment created the need for America to
    assist any country that was perceived to be
    falling under the influence of the Soviets

11
The Truman Doctrine
  • I believe that it must be the policy of the
    United States to support free peoples who are
    resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by
    outside pressures.
  • --Harry Truman

12
The Next Steps
  • The Marshall Plan rebuilding the devastations
    of war-torn Europe with massive American aid
  • NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a
    twelve-member alliance that vowed that an attack
    on one nation-member would be an attack on all

13
Containment in Asia and the Middle East
14
Asia
  • Internal conflict in China produced a revolution
    to Communism that the U.S. was in no position to
    stifle
  • War on the Korean peninsula produced a stalemate
    between a communist North and a democratic South
    that exists to this day
  • Vietnam, an American conflict inherited from the
    French, closely resembled the problems of Korea
    with one exception communism won

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16
The Middle East
  • The state of Israel, created by the United
    Nations as a homeland for the Diaspora Jews of
    the Holocaust, unfortunately displaced thousands
    of Palestinian Arabs from their traditional lands
    along the Mediterranean
  • This action solidified Arab hatred of the western
    sponsors of Israel and put in motion a series of
    war and death that survives to this day

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18
The Cold War at Home
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Trumans Loyalty Program
  • Truman, worried about the influence of communism
    within the borders of the U.S., created the
    Employee Loyalty Program in 1947
  • Although only dismissing several hundred
    employees overall, Trumans program set a
    precedent for government review of who could be
    considered a threat due to a belief system

21
Joe McCarthy
  • The key anti-Communist Senator of the 1950s
  • Virtually unknown beforehand, he make a
    reputation uncovering Communist plots and
    targeting anyone outside his narrow version of
    American
  • General public alarm over the evils of Communism
    allowed McCarthy the latitude to destroy many
    reputations needlessly

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