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Title: U.S. History 33009 http:students.resa.netmilewski


1
U.S. History 3/30/09http//students.resa.net/mile
wski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the Cold War at Home the
    War in Korea.
  • I. Journal 9pt.A
  • -Examine Geography Skillbuilder p.613
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.613
  • -ExamineSkillbuilder p.620
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.620
  • II. Journal 9pt.B
  • -notes on Korea Cold War at home
  • III. Chapter18 section34 Worksheets
  • Notice Chapter18 Test Tomorrow!

2
North Korea
  • Following WWII, Korea was split with the northern
    half coming under Soviet-sponsored Communist
    domination.
  • After failing in the Korean War (1950-53) to
    conquer the US-backed republic in the southern
    portion by force
  • Under its founder President Kim Ilsong they
    adopted a policy of ostensible diplomatic and
    economic "self-reliance" as a check against
    excessive Soviet or Communist Chinese influence.

http//foogah.no-ip.org8888/root_images/kim.jpg
3
Macarthur v. Truman
  • When General Macarthur recommended attacking
    China, and to use nuclear weapons, President
    Truman fired him.
  • Truman was afraid it would set off WWIII as
    Russia would come to the aid of China.

http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/sfeature/im
ages/mac_truman.jpg
4
North Korea
  • The current ruler Kim Jong Il, was officially
    designated as successor in 1980 and assumed a
    growing political and managerial role until his
    father's death in 1994.
  • Kim assumed full power without opposition.

http//www.kenston.k12.oh.us/khs/tplookalike_new/k
im20jong20il.jpg
5
McCarthyism
  • Following the spy cases of Alger Hiss the
    Rosenberg, the United States Communist paranoia
    spread.
  • The attacks on suspected communist at home became
    known as McCarthyism.
  • It was led by Sen. Joseph McCarthy.

http//www.nisd.net/marshall/WebQuests/Cold20War/
USAmccarthy3.jpg
6
U.S. History 3/31/09 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Demonstrate mastery of Chapter18 and
    begin examination of the Kennedy Administration.
  • I. Administrative Stuff
  • -attendance
  • -distribution of test
  • II. Chapter18 Test
  • III. Journal 10 pt.A
  • -Examine Geography Skillbuilder p.675
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.675
  • IV. Journal 10 pt.B
  • -notes the election of 1960 Cuban Missile
    Crisis
  • NOTICE Journals 1-10 Due Tomorrow!!!
  • NOTICE Unit Test Friday April 3rd

7
Important Stuff
  • Unit Test Friday 4/3/09
  • Due Friday Unit Test Review
  • Journals 1-10 Due Tomorrow!
  • Pacing Guide Corrections
  • Please eliminate old pacing guide and replace
    with the updated version.

8
Election of 1960
  • John F. Kennedy (D) v. Richard Nixon (R and
    Eisenhowers VP)
  • Very close raceJFK had 2 advantages, TV and
    Civil Rights.
  • 1st Televised debate (70 million viewers)
  • African-American vote helped Kennedy win by
    119,000 votes
  • Camelot Years

http//blogs.lubbockonline.com/centennial/images/6
0_Election.jpg
9
Election of 1960
http//bvapush.pbwiki.com/f/ElectoralCollege1960-L
arge-1.png
10
Kennedy started new Foreign Policy
  • Wanted to meet threats in 3rd World Countries
    where guerilla warfare was common
  • Approach called flexible response
  • Trained soldiers in modern warfare
  • Special forces Green Berets
  • Also established Peace Corps to work in
    developing areas

http//www.altfg.com/Stars/g/green-berets-john-way
ne.jpg
11
Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • Eisenhower planned to invade Cuba to overthrow
    Communists (Castro) reinstate Democracy
  • April 17, 1961 - 2,000 Cuban exiles armed
    trained by U.S., landed at Bay of Pigs
  • Things went terribly Air strikes missed
    targets, 25,000 Soviet-backed Cuban soldiers
    waited
  • Blame was placed on CIA Military Lack of info

12
Berlin Wall (see pg. 677)
  • August 13, 1961 East Germans began construction
    of Berlin Wall concrete barbed wire w/ armed
    guards
  • Dismantled in 1990.
  • 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty passed, US
    Soviets agreed to ban nuclear testing in
    atmosphere.

13
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • October 1962 U2 spy plane discovered Soviets
    building nuclear missile launch site in Cuba
  • WHY?
  • 1. US had missiles in Turkey
  • 2. Weapons would stop us from invading Cuba
    again

14
Cuban Missile Crisis cont
  • Kennedys Choices
  • Invade Cuba
  • Bomb the Missile Site
  • Set up Quarantine to prevent weapons from
    reaching Cuba
  • Negotiate a Settlement
  • Allow the Missiles to Stay
  • STOP HERE!

15
Results of the Crisis
  • Kennedy Chose Option 3 Quarantine of Soviet
    Ships
  • Last moment, ships turned around back to Soviet
    Union
  • Khrushchev agreed to stop building site if we
    agree not to invade Cuba we agreed
  • Long-range result Largest peacetime military
    buildup in history!

16
U.S. History 4/1/09 http//students.resa.net/mile
wski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the Eisenhower Administration.
  • I. Administrative Stuff
  • -attendance
  • -Journals 1-10 Due
  • II. Return of Chapter18 Test
  • III. Film Biography on Eisenhower
  • -questions on film about IKE
  • NOTICE Unit Test Friday April 3rd

17
U.S. History 4/2/09 http//students.resa.net/mile
wski
  • OBJECTIVE Review for unit test on the Cold War
    and the 1950s.
  • I. Administrative Stuff
  • -attendance
  • -Journals 1-10 Due
  • II. Review for Unit Test
  • NOTICE Unit Test Tomorrow!

18
Tomorrow
  • 1.) Unit Review sheet due at the door
  • 2.) Unit exam 45 minutes
  • 3.) Journal 11

19
Next Week
  • Field Trip Permission Due Tuesday!
  • Homework Due Thursday 4/9/09
  • Chapter21 Assessment p.726
  • -Terms Names (1-10)
  • -Main Ideas (1-6) 
  • Chapter21 Review
  • Chapter21 Test Thursday 4/9/09

20
U.S. History 4/3/09 http//students.resa.net/mile
wski
  • OBJECTIVE Demonstrate mastery of Unit5-Cold War
    Begin Examination of Civil Rights.
  • I. Administrative Stuff
  • -attendance
  • -distribution of test
  • II. Unit Test
  • III. Journal 11 pt.A
  • -Read Historic Decisions of the Supreme Court
    p.708-709
  • -Answer question 1 p.709
  • IV. Journal 11 pt.B
  • -notes the Civil Rights
  • NOTICE Chapter21 Test Thursday 4/9/09

21
Next Week
  • Field Trip Permission Due Tuesday!
  • Homework Due Thursday 4/9/09
  • Chapter21 Assessment p.726
  • -Terms Names (1-10)
  • -Main Ideas (1-6) 
  • Chapter21 Review
  • Chapter21 Test Thursday 4/9/09

22
Brown V, Board of Education, Topeka Kansas - 1954
- Civil Rights
  • Linda Brown, a student in the segregated Topeka
    Kansas school district had to walk 5 miles to
    school each day. Across the train tracks from her
    house there was a white school she was unable to
    attend. Oliver Brown enlisted the help of the
    NAACP to ensure that his daughter was able to go
    to the best school possible. Thurgood Marshall,
    then head of the NAACP, challenged the
    segregation of the school claiming that the laws
    violated the 14th amendment to the Constitution
    that said that all citizens were to receive
    "equal protection under the law." The state
    argued that Plessey v Ferguson had set the
    precedent and that the laws was clear on this
    point.
  • The court affirmed the position of Marshall and
    the Brown family and overturned the precedent set
    by the Plessey decision. Justice Earl Warren
    claimed that "in the eyes of the law, justice was
    color-blind." In ruling in favor of Brown the
    court ordered the integration of America "with
    all deliberate speed." The civil rights movement
    had begun!

23
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, refuses to sit in
    the colored section of a bus in Montgomery,
    Alabama.
  • Parks was arrested.
  • Her arrest caused the formation of the Montgomery
    Improvement Association who chose the 26-year-old
    Martin Luther King Jr. as their leader.
  • The group led by King boycotted Montgomerys
    busses for 381 days. After filing a lawsuit the
    Supreme Court outlawed bus segregation in 1956.

http//www.tomgpalmer.com/images/Rosa20Parks20Be
ing20Booked.jpg
24
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Ordained minister in 1948
  • Ph.D in Theology from Boston University
  • He followed the ideas of Transcendental Thinker
    Henry David Thoreau.
  • Thoreau practiced civil disobedience, or the
    refusal to obey an unjust law, using non-violent
    means.
  • Gandhi used these ideas to win independence for
    India from Britain. King believed these same
    principles could be applied to win equal rights
    for African-Americans.

http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84
/Martin_Luther_King_Jr_NYWTS.jpg
25
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • Following the successful Montgomery Bus boycott
    that proved that African-Americans could unite
    and organize a successful protest movement, King
    and other ministers and civil rights workers
    created SCLC.
  • The SCLC used African-American churches as the
    base on which a grassroots non-violent movement
    could be built.
  • The first directed of the SCLC was Ella Baker.
    She was the field secretary for the NAACP and
    used her numerous contacts in the south to help
    establish branches of the SCLC in many southern
    cities.
  • In April 1960, students at Shaw University, an
    HBI, established the Student Nonviolent
    Coordinating Committee, or SNCC, with the help of
    Baker.

26
SNCC
  • SNCC members thought the way the Brown decision
    was being implemented was too slow. The wanted
    change now.
  • SNCC members called for a more confrontational
    strategy than Dr. King.
  • In February 1960, they staged their first sit-in
    at a whites-only lunch counted in Greensboro,
    North Carolina.
  • Television crews brought the image of young
    African-Americans being beaten heckled by angry
    whites.
  • These images shocked TV audiences, especially in
    the north, and caused a wave of lunch counter
    sit-ins across the south.
  • By the end of 1960, lunch counters in 11 states
    had been desegregated.

http//americanhistory.si.edu/Brown/history/6-lega
cy/images/sit-in.jpg
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