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A Land Reform Agenda

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AFRICA'S DEVELOPMENT. 3. Why land reform? The land question is emotive ... Low political will/commitment. by African govts. 7. Road Map/Critical Steps ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Land Reform Agenda


1
  • A Land Reform Agenda
  • Lessons from the AU-ECA-AfDB Land Policy
    Initiative
  • Brussels Development Briefing on
  • Land Access and Rural Development New
    Challenges, New Opportunities
  • February 25, 2009

2
IMPORTANCE OF LAND
AFRICAS DEVELOPMENT
Peace and Stability
Equity
Sustainable Natural Resource Management
Food Security
Poverty Reduction
LAND POLICIES
Economic Development
EFFECTIVE LAND GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT
LAND AMINISTRATION
GOVERNANCE
PARTNER SUPPORT
3
Why land reform?
  • The land question is emotive
  • Why address the land question?
  • Demand for land is increasing
  • Potential consequences of this demand is varied
  • Addressing potential pitfalls through improved
    land governance

4
Inadequate Policy formulation/implementation
Low political will/commitment by African govts
Cross-boarder aspects of land related
disputes/issues
AU-ECA-AfDB Land Policy Initiative
Lack of sustainable donor support
Incoherent involvement of actors/partners
Build partnerships/synergies/ coherence in
support of land Reforms (policy/administration)
Benchmarks/indicators on land policy /land
administration
Regional/continental multi-stakeholder
assessments dialogue, consultation and consensus
on land reform
Framework/guidelines on land reforms
Declaration on land reform/monitoring adopted by
AU Summit of Heads of States and Government
Increased political/ other commitment of
African governments
Increased monitoring of reforms/processes
Improved/appropriate national land
policies,legislation and implementation
Timely/appropriate land policy development
Improved coordination Resource allocation
Increased support of development partners
  • Improved land governance
  • Equity in land distribution
  • Secure land rights
  • Reduced land disputes

Increased/secure Access to land reduced
vulnerability
5
Inadequate Policy formulation/implementation
Low political will/commitment by African govts
Cross-boarder aspects of land related
disputes/issues
AU-ECA-AfDB Land Policy Initiative
Lack of sustainable donor support
Incoherent involvement of actors/partners
Build partnerships/synergies/ coherence in
support of land Reforms (policy/administration)
Regional/continental multi-stakeholder
assessments dialogue, consultation/ consensus on
land reform
Benchmarks/indicators on land policy /land
administration
Framework/ guidelines on land reforms
Declaration on land reform/monitoring adopted by
AU Summit of Heads of States and Government
Increased monitoring of reforms/processes/ Peer
learning
Increased political/ other commitment of
African governments
Increased support of development partners
Timely/appropriate land policy development
Improved coordination Resource allocation
Improved/appropriate national land
policies,legislation and implementation
Increased/secure Access to land reduced
vulnerability
  • Improved land governance
  • Equity in land distribution
  • Secure land rights
  • Reduced land disputes

6
Inadequate Policy formulation/implementation
Low political will/commitment by African govts
Cross-boarder aspects of land related
disputes/issues
AU-ECA-AfDB Land Policy Initiative
Lack of sustainable donor support
Incoherent involvement of actors/partners
Build partnerships/synergies/ coherence in
support of land Reforms policy/administration
Benchmarks/indicators on land policy /land
administration
Regional/continental multi-stakeholder
assessments dialogue, consultation and consensus
on land reform
Framework/guidelines on land reforms
Declaration on land reform/monitoring adopted by
AU Summit of Heads of States and Government
Increased support of development partners
Increased political/ other commitment of
African governments
Increased monitoring of reforms/processes
Timely/appropriate land policy development
Improved coordination Resource allocation
Improved/appropriate national land policies,
legislation and implementation
  • Improved land governance
  • Equity in land distribution
  • Secure land rights
  • Reduced land disputes

Increased/secure Access to land reduced
vulnerability
7
Road Map/Critical Steps
  • The activities of the roadmap include
  • A continental Consultative Workshop
  • Regional Assessments and Consultations
  • Development of Benchmarks/Indicators
  • Draft/review of Framework and Guidelines
  • African Experts/Ministers Meeting
  • Summit of African Heads of State and Government

8
A land reform Agenda Lessons
  • Assess underlying context, issues, lessons
  • Understand and include stakeholders
  • Engrave land reform in national development
    processes
  • Political commitment key to land reform
  • Technical and financial capacities much needed
  • Building consensus on implementation strategy,
    capacity to manage change, collecting baseline
    data
  • Need for development of systems, indicators and
    data for monitoring progress

9
Elements of an Action Plan
  • Policy Development
  • Technical advisory services
  • Knowledge generation and management
  • Raising awareness, training and capacity building
  • Policy implementation
  • Reform of institutions and procedures of land
    administration
  • Increased knowledge and capacity for land
    administration
  • Increased awareness of procedures
  • Systems/tools for securing land rights
  • Monitoring progress
  • Development of indicators
  • Piloting
  • Instituting systems for monitoring progress
  • Peer review and learning
  • Research, best practices
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