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Homeland Security

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Title: Homeland Security


1
Homeland Security Geospatial Information
Response
  • USGS History
  • Emergency Response
  • Emergency Operations Systems
  • Geospatial Information
  • International Charter
  • Geospatial One-Stop
  • The National Map
  • US National Grid

2
Organizational Context
3
(No Transcript)
4
USGS Topographic Mapping
1807
1889
1879
1925
1975
1991
2000
2004
Survey of the Coast
U.S. Geological Survey
U.S. Geological Survey Mapping Funds
Temple Act Congressional
124K Mapping Program Completed
National Topographic Mapping Program USGS
GIO Created
NGPO Established
5
USGS Topographic Mapping
1975 National Topographic Mapping Program
2004 NGPO
2000 GIO Created
1991 124K Mapping Program Completed
1994 Exec. Order 12906 NSDI FGDC
6
USGS Topographic Mapping
1975 National Topographic Mapping Program
2004 NGPO
2000 GIO Created
1991 124K Mapping Program Completed
1994 Exec. Order 12906 NSDI FGDC
2001 TNM GOS
7
Emergency Response and Disaster Support
8
Hazard Response Executive Committee (HREC)
  • Bureau Deputy Director, Chair of HREC
  • Regional Director(s) for the impacted area
  • Associate Director for the program associated
    with the hazard event
  • Senior Advisor for Science Applications, Bureau
    Emergency Management Coordinator
  • Associate Director for Geospatial Information
  • Associate Director for Administrative Policy and
    Services
  • Senior Science Advisor for Earthquakes and
    Geologic Hazards
  • Chief, Bureau Office of Communications
  • Chair of the Geospatial Information Response Team
  • Emergency Management Specialist, HREC Coordinator
  • http//www.usgs.gov/emergency/

9
Hazard Response Executive Committee
  • Earthquake Hazards Program Coordinator
  • Volcano Hazards Program Coordinator
  • Landslide Hazards Program Coordinator
  • Invasive Species Program Coordinator
  • Coastal Marine Geology Program Coordinator
  • Water Resources lead for flooding/severe inland
    weather events
  • Wildland Fire Science Lead
  • Biological Threat Lead
  • Bureau Operational Coastal Storm Team Lead
  • Science Coastal Storm Team Lead
  • Other Equivalent Event Coordinator, as needed

10
Geospatial Information Response Team (GIRT)
  • NGPO Director Co-chair (Bill Carswell)
  • NCAP Coordinator Co-chair (John Crowe)
  • NGPO Emergency Operations Coordinator (Craig
    Skalet)
  • NGTOC Operations Response Coordinator (Kari
    Craun)
  • EROS Operations Response Coordinator (Wayne
    Miller)
  • Geography Operations Response Coordinator
    (Bruce Molnia)
  • HREC Coordinator (Dave Bortnem)
  • SRV Operations Response Coordinator (Scott
    Wilson)
  • NGPO Partnership Chief (Vicki Lukas)
  • Eastern Region Directors Office Coordinator
    (Dan Cavanaugh)
  • Central Region Directors Office Coordinator
    (Ely Brouwers)
  • Western Region Directors Office Coordinator
    (Alan Mikuni)

11
(No Transcript)
12
USGS Mission
  • USGS serves the nation by providing reliable
    scientific information to
  • Describe and understand the earth
  • Manage water, biological, energy, and mineral
    resources
  • Enhance and protect our quality of life
  • And

13
USGS Mission
  • Minimize loss of life and property from
  • natural disasters such as
  • Landslides
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Flooding
  • Wildfires
  • Biological Diseases

14
Landslide Hazards
Alpine Debris Flow triggered by July 29, 1999
Thunderstorm Colorado Front Range
http//landslides.usgs.gov/
15
Earthquake Monitoring
http//earthquake.usgs.gov/
16
Volcanoes
http//volcanoes.usgs.gov/
17
Flooding
http//waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis
18
Wildfires
http//www.usgs.gov/hazards/wildfires/
19
Biological Diseases
http//www.nbii.gov/portal/server.pt
20
Emergency Operations Systems
21
Emergency OperationsSystem Architecture
EO Portal
HDDS
SEAMLESS SERVERS
Pixia Encoders
CR1 SL8500 Silo Mass Storage System
eSATA/FireWire/USB HD
WMS Servers
ADIS
SAN FC HD
HDDS Products
Manual Ingest Pre-Processor
22
EO Portal
  • Provide comprehensive front-end to USGS/EROS EO
    project data and other related resources
  • Single point of entry for Emergency Response user
    community
  • Access to documentation as well as to data
  • Provide consolidated access to
  • Pixia Viewer and WMS
  • HDDS via Tiled and direct FTP downloads
  • Seamless and other IADD services
  • Provide EO-specific information
  • i.e. presentations, announcements, special
    projects
  • Distribute USGS Hurricane Maps

http//hdds.usgs.gov
23
Hazards Data Distribution System (HDDS)
24
WMS Quick-Look Viewer
25
Seamless Viewer
http//seamless.usgs.gov/
26
System Demands
27
VULNERABILITY BUSINESS OVERVIEW
  • Vulnerability Growth 2000-2006
  • Vulnerability Trends
  • Mitres Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures
    (CVE) provides a historical view of the volume of
    security problems that have impacted computing
    systems in the last 6 years.
  • Historically, attackers sought out
    vulnerabilities that could provide them the
    greatest potential control over systems with the
    least amount of effort focusing on Operating
    Systems. As those easy vulnerabilities get
    more scarce, attackers have diversified their
    efforts and turned to Applications.
  • Severity Increasing
  • Industry-wide Problem
  • As attackers gain experience looking for
    exploits, they strive for efficiency and
    productivity. Their effectiveness is shown in
    the increasing number and percentage of
    high-severity vulnerabilities that can be used
    for targeted attacks.
  • Skilled attackers are equal-opportunity
    exploiters. When they are focusing on a target,
    they will work to find vulnerabilities in
    whichever technologies the target has employed.
    A listing of high- and medium-severity
    vulnerabilities from 2006 shows just how
    pervasive the problem is.

28
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTIONS
  • Special Thanks to

Jeff R. Jones, Senior Security Strategist,
Microsoft Corporation
All Data Referenced from
Microsoft Security Intelligence Report
http//download.microsoft.com/download/f/d/a/fda58
50e-269f-40a3-9708-c60eb837456f/MS_Security_Report
_Jul-Dec06.pdf
29
TNM Seamless Server Data On Line
30
TNM Data Delivery
31
TNM Monthly Seamless Maps Delivered
32
TNM Monthly Visitors
33
GeoMACs Home Page
http//geomac.gov/
34
Geospatial Information
International Charter, Geospatial One-Stop
(GOS), Geospatial Product and Services
Contract (GPSC), The National Map, US National
Grid
35
International CharterSpace and Major Disasters
  • http//www.disasterscharter.org/main_e.html

36
International Charter- Support to Major Disasters
  • An International agreement among Space Agencies
    to support, with space-based data and
    information, relief efforts in the event of
    emergencies caused by major disasters
  • Multi-satellite data acquisition
  • Fast data turn-around priority acquisition
  • Archive retrievals and spacecraft tasking
  • Data processing at pre-determined level
  • Space Agency contribution in image/data
  • Space Agency initiative for value-added-data
    fusion
  • The Charter requests receive high priority in
    data acquisition planning schemes of the
    participating agencies

37
Charter Member Agencies
CSACanada
CNSA China
ESAEurope
JAXA Japan
CNESFrance
NOAA USGS USA
BNSC/DMC UK NI TR DZ
ISRO India
CONAE Argentina
38
Charter Operational Loop
Emergency On-Call Officer (ECO)
CSA
RADARSAT-1
ESA
ERS-2 and ENVISAT
CNES
SPOT-1, 2, 4 5
On-Duty Operator (ODO)
NOAA-12, 14, 15, 16 17, POES and GOES
NOAA
ISRO
IRS
Project Manager (PM)
CONAE
SAC-C
Authorized User (AU)
JAXA
ALOS
USGS
Landsat
DMC
DMC Constellation
Disaster
End User (EU)
Value-Added Reseller (VAR)
39
Charter Activation Cases (disaster types)
40
Charter Activation Cases(Activated 154 times,
2001-2007)
Lena River, Russia
Sweden
Denmark
British Columbia, Canada
Germany 1,23
British Columbia, Canada
Czeck Republic 12
UK 1,23
Luxembourg
North Ossetia, Russia
Northern France
Austria 12
Canada
Manitoba, Canada
Saône, Rhône France
Slovenia 12
Caucassus, Russia
English Channel 12
Lago Maggiore, IT
France
Switzerland
Romania 1,23
Galicia, Spain
Hungary
Bulgaria
New York, USA
Portugal
Stromboli, IT
North Korea
Etna, IT
Tehran, Iran3
USA
Greece
Bingol,Turkey
Afghanistan 34
North Korea 23
Morocco
Algeria 12
USA
Hindu Kush, Afghanistan 12
Al Hoceïma, Morocco
Lebanon 12
Kashmir, Pakistan
Louisiana, USA
Iran 1,24
Kashmir, India
Canary Islands 12
China 1,23
Nepal
Gonaives, Haiti
Florida, USA
Pakistan 1,23
Mexico 12
India
India
India
Dominican Republic
Soufrière, Montserrat
El Salvador 12
Hispaniola, Haiti
Philippines 25
Senegal
Gulf of Aden, Yemen
Nicaragua
Central America
Grenada Island
Vietnam 12
West Africa
India
Philippines 13
Sudan 12
Suriname
Guaranda Municipe, Colombia
Ethiopia 1
Ethiopia 23
Georgetown, Guyana
Philippines 4
Somalia
Colombia 34
Sri Lanka 12
Venezuela
Nias Island, Indonesia
Indonesia 12
Kenya 12
Galapagos, Ecuador
Nyiragongo, Congo
Indonesia 6
Nabire, Indonesia
Rarotonga, Cook Islands
Java, Indonesia 34
Bolivia
SolomonIslands
Indonesia 5
Comoros
Peru
Bolivia 2
Earthquake
Madagascar
Bolivia 3
Bolivia-Paraguay-Argentina
Mozambique
Caprivi,Namibia
Volcanic Eruption
Paraguay
Argentina 3
Landslide
Santa Fe, Argentina 1
Uruguay
Flood/ocean wave
Chile 2
Argentina 3
Storm/hurricane
Chile
Patagonia, Argentina 2
Oil Spill
Forest Fire
Other
41
Geospatial One-Stop
  • http//gos2.geodata.gov/wps/portal/gos

42
Geospatial One-Stop
Geospatial One-Stop is an on-line portal to
access and discover geospatial information at
Federal, State, and local levels.
  • Communities of Interest Portals- Discover and
    access geospatial information by subject matter
  • Homeland Security
  • Fire Mapping
  • Hurricanes
  • The Marketplace- Find planned data acquisition
    and data requests in a specific area of interest
  • Map Viewer- Access live map services and
    interactive maps

43
Geospatial One-Stop- Communities of
InterestHomeland Security
44
Geospatial One-Stop- Communities of
InterestHurricanes
45
Geospatial One-Stop- Marketplace
46
Geospatial Product and Service Contracts (GPSC)
  • http//geodatacontracts.er.usgs.gov/

47
GPSC Emergency Response
  • USGS-EROS is DHS-FEMAs executive agent (named in
    National Response Plan) for acquisition of
    commercial imagery in Nationally declared
    disasters
  • USGS-EROS assesses existing data and where
    necessary, initiates acquisition
  • EROS contacts NGTOC-Rolla (GPSC-POC) to activate
    airborne imagery acquisition via GPSC

48
Emergency Acquisition Case StudyTaum Sauk Dam
Failure( 8 Hours from Concept to Award)
  • 12/14/2005Upper Reservoir Dam Failure
  • 12/15/2005LIDAR acquisition
  • Contacted by WRD at 800am
  • Funding put into place
  • Department of Natural Resources
  • WRD
  • Other partners at state and Federal levels
  • Contractor brought in as partner
  • Established Availability
  • Established Resources
  • Pre-Established Low Cost High Resolution LiDAR
  • 12/15/2005AWARDED 400pm

Cover PERS November, 2006,
49
Emergency Acquisition Case StudyVerdigris River
Oil Spill(48 Hours from Concept to Award)
  • 7/3/2007 Flooding - Verdigris River in SE KS
  • 7/3/2007Imagery Acquisition Ortho Production
  • 7/3/20077/4/2007
  • FEMA defines project area
  • FEMA, EROS, and NGTOC define specifications
  • Task order sent to Contractor and Negotiated
  • 7/5/2007AWARDED
  • 7/6/2007 Acquisition Begins
  • 7/8/2007 First Data Delivered
  • 7/23/2007 ALL DATA DELIVERED

50
The National Map
http//nationalmap.gov/
51
John Wesley Powells National Map Vision
December 5, 1884
  • Paper maps
  • Tile the the nation at a variable scale
  • Simple terrain (prairies) 1250,000
  • Important mining districts 1125,000
  • Densely clustered population 162,500 (15
    minute quad)
  • 2,600 sheets for (conterminous) USA
  • Estimated completion 24 years (1908)
  • Estimated cost 18 Million

52
Powells National Map
  • Roads (unnamed)
  • Railroads (named)
  • Rivers, ponds, streams
  • Canals (named)
  • Spot elevations and contours
  • Wetlands
  • Place names and boundaries
  • Benchmarks
  • Structure points

53
1904
54
1944
55
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56
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57
1957
58
1977
Powells National Map finally finished in 1990!
59
And whats happening in 1990.
  • Computers had arrived
  • 85 of people had city-delivery addresses
  • ZIPCodes, Census Tracts, FIPS codes, etc
  • GPS, GIS and desktop mapping emerging
  • WWW only five years away

60
USGS Topographic Maps
  • Once-over mapping was an immense feat
  • The only national synthesis of geography that is
  • Comprehensive
  • Transjurisdictional
  • Border to border and coast to coast
  • Cost of replication today would be 2 to 3
    billion

61
An Urgent Need Homeland Security
  • The Nations urban areas are home to more than
    180 million people and much of our critical
    infrastructure
  • The National Map must be immediately available to
    plan for, respond to, and recover from natural
    and human-induced disasters

62
Homeland Security Partnership
  • The USGS is an active partner with DHS, NGA,
    other Federal agencies, and State and local
    governments
  • The National Map provides the base landscape view
  • Imagery
  • Elevation
  • Other base layers
  • Critical infrastructure

Seattle, WA
http//www.fgdc.gov/
63
Homeland Security Sharing Data
  • The National Map partnerships ensure Web access
    to critical data

Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, NC
64
Todays Secret Words
  • Partnerships
  • Stewardship
  • Currentness
  • National Consistency
  • 24/7 Access
  • Revised
  • Topographic
  • Maps

65
National Databases of Base Content
  • Themes
  • Elevation - National Elevation Database
  • Hydrography National Hydrography Dataset
  • Orthoimagery Seamless Server
  • Geographic Names Geographic Names Information
    System
  • Land Cover National Land Cover Dataset
  • Boundaries (Governmental Units)
  • Structures
  • Transportation
  • Acquired through partnerships and purchases
  • Used
  • To upgrade national databases of base content
  • For production of topographic maps
  • By customers for various applications

66
Elevation
  • National Elevation Dataset (NED)
  • The NED is the elevation data component of The
    National Map
  • New data are supplied by Federal, State, and
    local partners
  • Current coverage includes
  • 100 at 1 arc-second (30 m)
  • 68 at 1/3 arc-second (10 m)
  • 5 at 1/9 arc-second (3.3 m)

http//seamless.usgs.gov/
67
Orthoimagery
  • The National Map provides links to orthoimagery
    holdings of Federal, State, county, and local
    governments
  • These links ensure
  • access to
  • Historical coverage
  • More recent images
  • Higher resolution coverage

Austin, TX
http//165.221.201.14/NAIP.html
http//seamless.usgs.gov/
68
Hydrography
  • Stewardship
  • Functioning in 10 states
  • Under development in 25 states
  • Integration
  • Improved integration with Elevation
  • Theme
  • Enhancements
  • 124,000 scale complete by 8/28/07
  • 14,800 scale under development in 6 states
  • Network events added for hydrographic features
  • Improved web capability
  • Tools developed to enhance stewardship
  • Coverage extended into boundary watersheds

http//nhd.usgs.gov/index.html
69
Structures
  • Stewardship
  • Automated data synchronization
  • Integration
  • Integration of updated data from partnership
    providers
  • Continued integration development with GNIS
  • Coordination with NGA and DHS for improved
    program integration
  • Enhancements
  • Partner data 30 states from HSIP updates (ie
    TGS data)
  • National coverage (initial load FEMA HAZUS)
  • Completed updates along Gulf and Atlantic (50
    mile buffer) by 12/31/07 (hospitals, schools,
    fire, police, and emergency)
  • Refinement of data model and specification
  • Data returned to FEMA, States and TGS

http//bpgeo.cr.usgs.gov/viewer.htm
70
Transportation
  • Stewardship
  • Initial data load from Census
  • Coordination with USDOT and Census
  • Automated data synchronization
  • Integration
  • Initial trails integration
  • Enhancements
  • Census MTAIP updates complete by 12/31/07
  • Major corrections to Census data (breaks in
    Interstates, US highways)
  • Acquire commercial roads dataset
  • Refinement of data model and specifications
  • Investigate commercial provider options

http//bpgeo.cr.usgs.gov/viewer.htm
71
Boundaries
  • Stewardship
  • Initial data load from Census
  • Automated data synchronization
  • Initial coordination with BLM and other Federal
    agencies on Federal lands incorporation
  • Integration
  • Continued integration with GNIS
  • Coordination with NGA and DHS for improved
    integration
  • Enhancements
  • Partner data from states
  • Census 2007 MTAIP updates by 6/30/08
  • Census 2008 MTAIP updates by 12/31/08
  • Updated major Federal boundaries by 12/31/08
  • Refinement of data model and specifications

http//bpgeo.cr.usgs.gov/viewer.htm
72
Land Cover
  • Develop land cover requirements and definitions
  • Explore use of 2001 National Land Cover (NLCD)
    30-meter data
  • NLCD 2001 land cover product completed by
    12/31/07
  • NLCD 19922001 change product completed by
    12/31/07
  • NLCD 2001 impervious product completed by
    12/31/07
  • NLCD 2001 canopy product completed by 12/31/07
  • Explore re-sampling of NLCD to provide improved
    124,000 scale land cover

Land Cover
http//landcover.usgs.gov/
http//www.mrlc.gov/
73
Geographic Names
  • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
  • The GNIS is the names component of The National
    Map
  • Feature names were collected from USGS and FS
    maps and from NOAA charts
  • Contractors are collecting more names from State
    and local documents (Phase 2)

http//geonames.usgs.gov/
74
Integration of Data Themes
  • Centralized database
  • Horizontal integrationfeatures joining
    seamlessly across administrative boundaries
  • Vertical integrationspatial relationship of
    features across data themes is same as on the
    ground

75
Products and Services of The National Map
76
Products and Services of The National Map
  • Data Products
  • National databases of base content
  • Various data holdings of base content
  • Graphic Products
  • Legacy topographic maps
  • Standard digital image maps with overlays
  • Standard digital topographic maps
  • Custom topographic maps
  • Services
  • Data download
  • Integrated data download
  • WMS, WFC, WCS, replication services
  • OGC catalog
  • Marketplace
  • Status graphics

77
Legacy Topographic Maps
  • Latest revision of manually compiled paper maps
  • Scanned maps available as GeoPDF
  • Printed maps available from USGS warehouse and
    business partners at standard price
  • Scanned map separates as special request

78
GeoPDF Accessibility -- USGS Store
http//store.usgs.gov
79
Scanned Topo GeoPDF
  • Resolution 508 dpi
  • GeoMark Tools
  • Measure
  • Coordinate Readout
  • Add Text
  • Add Features
  • Google Map View
  • Current Coverage

80
GeoPDF GoogleTM View
Link to GoogleTM Map map view
81
GeoPDF GoogleTM View
Link to GoogleTM Map hybrid view
82
Image Maps
  • Designed as Companion Product for New Topo Quads
  • 124,000-Scale
  • Based on most recent NAIP Orthoimagery
  • Natural Color
  • Framed with 7.5-Minute Projection Line
  • Full U.S. National Grid
  • Selected Overlays
  • PDF and Georeferenced, Layered PDF

83
Image Maps
  • CA_Malibu_Beach_geo.pdf

84
U.S. National Grid
85
USGS Supports Katrina Search and Rescue
  • http//www.nwrc.usgs.gov/

86
911Call Spatial Data Base
8/29/2005 955 PM Chalmette High School Trapped
on roof Trapped on roof GAVE BIRTH TO CHILD
Street Address USELESS
Plotted on Maps/Photo Images
Converted to LAT/LON
20 people stranded in Chalmette high school.
Teachers and students  Enough food for another
day or so.
87
US National Grid It has its place
  • Here are a few reasons why it should be used
  • Classic points of reference may be gone street
    signs, streets, buildings, etc

88
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89
There is a better way
  • Its called the US National Grid and here are a
    few reasons why it needs to be used
  • Classic points of reference may be gone street
    signs, streets, buildings, etc
  • Reporting of locations for evacuation, search and
    rescue, recoveries
  • Already being used by military emergency
    responders
  • Comes complete with ready made grid boxes
  • Solves many other problems for emergency managers
    by allowing them to manage an event using maps to
    provide a common, spatially-based, operational
    framework.

90
U.S. National Grid
http//www.fgdc.gov/usng/index.html
91
Thank You!
  • Craig D. Skalet
  • Senior Geospatial Advisor
  • Emergency Response Office
  • U. S. Geological Survey
  • (303) 202-4306
  • cdskalet_at_usgs.gov

92
Harry S TrumanPresident of theUnited States
of America1948 - 1953
  • It is amazing what you can accomplish if you do
    not care who gets the credit.
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