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MILITARY ORGANIZATION

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These may be known as a Department of Defense, Department of War, or Ministry of Defence. ... Usually, uniforms denote the bearer's rank by particular insignia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MILITARY ORGANIZATION


1
MILITARY ORGANIZATION
2
  • The armed forces of a state are its
    government-sponsored defense and fighting forces
    and organizations used to further the objectives
    of the state.

3
  • They exist to further the foreign and domestic
    policies of their governing body.
  • In some countries paramilitary forces are
    included in a nation's armed forces.

4
  • In democracies and most other government types,
    the armed forces are typically linked to the
    government through a civilian government
    department.

5
  • These may be known as a Department of Defense,
    Department of War, or Ministry of Defence.

6
Services
  • The military is divided into several services
    (also called branches).
  • The three most common are armies, navies, and
    air forces.
  • Some nations also organize their marines and
    their special forces as independent services.

7
  • A nation's coast guard may also be an
    independent branch of its military (though in
    many nations the coast guard is actually more of
    a law enforcement or civil agency).

8
  • The French military structure, which is copied in
    other nations, includes the three traditional
    services and a fourth service which is the
    Gendarmerie.

9
  • The former Soviet Union organized the Strategic
    Rocket Forces as a separate branch (Raketnye
    Vojska Strategicheskogo Naznachneiya) and the
    Russian government has continued that
    organization.

10
  • It is worthwhile to make mention of the term
    joint.
  • In western militaries, a joint force is defined
    as a unit or formation comprising representation
    of combat power from two or more branches of the
    military.

11
Units, formations,and commands
  • It is common, at least in US and Commonwealth
    militaries, to refer to the building blocks of a
    military as units and formations.

12
  • A typical unit is a homogeneous military
    organization, either combat, combat support or
    non-combat in capability, that includes service
    personnel predominantly from a single Arm of
    Service, or a Branch of Service, and its
    administrative and command functions are
    integrated (self-contained).
  • Anything smaller than a unit is considered a
    "sub-unit" or "minor unit".

13
  • A formation is a composite military organization
    that includes a mixture of integrated and
    operationally attached sub-units, and is usually
    combat-capable.
  • Formations include brigades, divisions, wings,
    etc.

14
  • Different armed forces, and even different
    branches of service of the armed forces may use
    the same name to denote different types of
    organizations.

15
  • An example is the "squadron".
  • In most navies a squadron is a formation of
    several ships in most air forces it is a unit
    in the U.S. Army it is a battalion-sized cavalry
    unit and in Commonwealth armies a squadron is a
    company-sized sub-unit.

16
  • In a military context, a command is a collection
    of units and formations under the control of a
    single officer.

17
  • Although during the Second World War a Command
    was also a name given to a battle group in the US
    Army, in general it is an administrative and
    executive strategic headquarters which is
    responsible to the national government or the
    national military headquarters.

18
  • It is not uncommon for a nation's services to
    each consist of their own command (such as Land
    Force Command, Air Command, and Maritime Command
    in the Canadian Forces), but this does not
    preclude the existence of commands which are not
    service-based.

19
Hierarchy of Modern Armies
  • This gives an overview of some of the terms used
    to describe army hierarchy in armed forces across
    the world.

20
  • While it is recognized that there are differences
    between armies of different nations, many are
    modeled on the British or American models, or
    both.

21
  • However, many military units and formations go
    back in history for a long time, and were devised
    by various military thinkers throughout European
    history.

22
  • For example, Corps were first introduced in
    France in the 18th Century, but have become
    integrated into the organization of most armies
    around the world.

23
  • APP-6A, Military Symbols for Land Based Systems
    is the NATO standard for military map marking
    symbols.
  • The following tables define the Symbol, Unit
    Name, number of personnel, number of subordinate
    units and the unit leader.

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Hierarchy of modern navies
  • Naval organization at the flotilla level and
    higher is less-commonly abided by, as ships
    operate in smaller or larger groups in various
    situations that may change at a moment's notice.

27
  • However there is some common terminology used
    throughout navies to communicate the general
    concept of how many vessels might be in a unit.

28
  • Navies are generally organized into groups for a
    specific purpose, usually strategic, and these
    organizational groupings appear and disappear
    frequently based on the conditions and demands
    placed upon a navy.

29
  • This contrasts with army organization where units
    remain static, with the same men and equipment,
    over long periods of time.

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  • Auxiliary ships are usually commanded by officers
    below the rank of captain.
  • These vessels include corvettes, gunboats,
    minesweepers, patrol boats, military riverine
    craft, tenders and torpedo boats.

32
  • Some destroyers, particularly smaller destroyers
    such as frigates (formerly known as destroyer
    escorts) are commanded by officers below the rank
    of captain as well.
  • Usually, the smaller the vessel, the lower the
    rank of the ship's commander.

33
  • For example, patrol boats are often commanded by
    ensigns, while frigates are rarely commanded by
    an officer below the rank of commander.

34
  • Historical navies were far more rigid in
    structure.
  • Ships were collected in divisions, which in turn
    were collected in numbered squadrons, which
    comprised a numbered fleet.
  • Permission for a vessel to leave one unit and
    join another would have to be approved on paper.

35
Hierarchy of air forces
  • The organizational structures of air forces vary
    between nations some air forces (such as the
    United States Air Force and the Royal Air Force)
    are divided into commands, groups and squadrons
    others (such as the Soviet Air Force) have an
    Army-style organizational structure.

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Rank
  • Military rank is a system of hierarchical
    relationships in armed forces or civil
    institutions organized along military lines.
  • Usually, uniforms denote the bearer's rank by
    particular insignia affixed to the uniforms.

39
  • Ranking systems have been known for most of
    military history to be advantageous for military
    operations, in particular with regards to
    logistics, command, and coordination as time
    continued and military operations became larger
    and more complex, military ranks increased and
    ranking systems themselves became more complex.

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