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Health Disparities

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Vickie Ybarra, RN, MPH. vickie_at_ybarra.com. Health Disparities Nationally ... Largest communities in Springdale, Rogers, Fayetteville, and Fort Smith ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Health Disparities


1
Health Disparities
  • Vickie Ybarra, RN, MPH
  • vickie_at_ybarra.com

2
Health Disparities Nationally
3
www.kff.org Health Status Coverage Preventive
and Primary Care Diabetes HIV/AIDS Asthma
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Health Disparities in Arkansas
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Immigrants and Health Disparities in Arkansas
April 2007 Urban Institute www.urban.org Demograph
ics Labor Force Children and Families Economic
Impact
20
Arkansas Foreign-Born Population
  • Largest communities in Springdale, Rogers,
    Fayetteville, and Fort Smith
  • About half of Arkansas immigrants are
    undocumented, most coming to the state for work
  • Manufacturing Industry employs the most
    immigrants
  • Fastest growing Hispanic population nationwide
    between 2000 and 2005

21
Healthy Immigrant Effect
  • Immigrant adults tend to be healthier than
    US-born adults of similar socio-economic status
  • Lower infant mortality, lower rates of mental
    health problems
  • Effect fades with time in the US

22
Health Risks and Needs for Immigrants
  • ? Chronic illness
  • ? Workplace hazards
  • ? Racial/ethnic disparities
  • ? Lack of adequate access to preventive care and
    healthcare coverage
  • ? Language often a barrier to adequate healthcare
  • ? Health risks of poverty

23
Health of Children of Immigrants
  • Most children of immigrants are US citizens
  • Begin to take on health risks of US-born
    population of similar socioeconomic status
  • Additional risks from poor adjustment that are
    common to immigrants born to non-English speaking
    parents with low educational levels
  • Second generation risks
  • ?increased mental health issues
  • ?lack of success in school
  • ?increased risk for teen pregnancy, juvenile
    delinquency, drug/alcohol dependency

24
Health Disparities
  • Vickie Ybarra, RN, MPH
  • vickie_at_ybarra.com
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