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Chinese Educational Culture Vs. American Schools

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Title: Chinese Educational Culture Vs. American Schools


1
Chinese Educational Culture Vs. American Schools
  • This presentation will show you many differences
    between the Chinese school system vs. the
    American Schools system and then give you a lot
    of information about the Chinese schools!

2
(No Transcript)
3
History of Chinese Education
  • Formal education has been traced back to the 16th
    century in the later Shang Dynasty (1523-1027 BC)
  • In the beginning of the education, it was
    centered along the Six Arts Rites, music,
    Archery, Chariot-Riding, History, and math.
  • Shortly after, during the teaching of Confucius,
    during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States,
    education gave way to the Four Books and The
    Five Classics These teachings outlined the
    principles of society and government, the codes
    for personal conduct, and collectively defined
    the Confucian philosophy.
  • In 1949, the communist power began to take over
    China.

4
History of Chinese Education
  • Following the Opium War, Western education began
    to take over Chinas educational system. This
    happened mostly by the help of Christian
    Missionaries. Many Chinese people saw this
    movement as humiliation, some liberalists saw the
    movement as an opportunity to form a balanced
    approach to education. Confucian ideas would
    continue to flourish with the help of Western
    Technology.
  • In 1905, a series of reform measures were issued
    by the Qing Dynasty. This reform measure called
    for a modern system of primary, secondary, and
    tertiary levels of educations. These were based
    on Western systems.
  • In 1911, the Qing dynasty was overthrown. A
    republican form of government was formed. There
    were already European, American, and Japanese
    models of education in China.

5
History of Chinese Education
  • Between 1949-1966, the Soviet model was
    established into the Chinese educational system.
    This happened shortly after the liberation of the
    communists in China.
  • In 1956, it was found that less than one-half of
    primary and secondary aged children were in
    school.
  • Later on, regularization in the schools was
    re-established. Academic standards began to
    place and emphasis on the quality of education
    rather than the quantity at all levels. In most
    cases, the system of six years of primary
    education, three years junior secondary and three
    years secondary education was re-established.

6
Chinese vs. American Pre-schools
  • Chinese Pre-schools
  • Children ages 3-6 attend kindergarten in their
    neighborhoods
  • Children learn the basics of the Chinese
    language, the Values of Truth, Beauty, and
    Kindness, they play games, act, sing, have P.E.,
    learn environment identification, drawing,
    handwriting, music, calculations and lessons in
    daily life.
  • Many of these lessons are based on the childs
    age.
  • American Pre-Schools
  • There are pre-schools and nursery schools that
    children attend between birth and 4 years old.
  • Children attend kindergarten around 5-6 years
    old.
  • Children learn the alphabet, colors, and basic
    math such as counting and numbers.

7
Chinese Primary School vs. American Elementary
School
  • Chinese Primary School
  • Primary School usually lasts for six years
  • Primary education includes English, Pottery,
    dance, drama, calligraphy,
  • Some classrooms have the smell of incense and
    classical music playing to enhance a creative
    environment.
  • Students usually learn Chinese language, math,
    and moral education.
  • Foreign language is optional for primary students
    grades 4-6
  • Students sometimes start the day with fifteen
    minutes of exercise on the playground.
  • Some class sizes are up to 50 students.

8
Chinese Primary School vs. American Elementary
School
  • American Primary schools
  • Students do not choose a structure and often
    remain in one or two classrooms throughout the
    day with one teacher.
  • Classroom sizes are between 20 and 30 students.
  • The state decides what students learn in schools
    in America, but in China there is a National
    College Entrance Exam that dictates what children
    are to learn in China.
  • In primary grades, students usually learn math,
    simple algebra, English grammar, spelling, and
    vocabulary. Science and Social Studies are taught
    too.
  • Students also take P.E., art. And music.

9
Chinese Middle Schools
  • Chinese middle schools consist of two parts Jr.
    middle school and Sr. middle School, each lasts
    three years
  • Jr. Middle School is a continuation of Primary
    School and teaches sciences including
    chemistry, physics, and biology history,
    geography, foreign language and P.E.
  • Sr. Middle school is like the American High
    School
  • In Sr. Middle school, students choose a major
    of humanities or sciences. Students take classes
    according to which major that choose. They have
    to pass a National Exam at the end of Middle
    school.
  • In China Students learn Chinese, math, foreign
    languages, political sciences, history including
    Chinas and other places, geography, sciences
    including physical, chemistry, and biology
    physical culture, music, fine arts, physiology,
    and work skills.
  • Some students learn to be farmers or technicians
    in technical schools.

10
American Middle and High Schools
  • Students usually change classrooms and teacher
    beginning in middle school.
  • Students become more responsible for their own
    education.
  • Middle school prepares students to go on to high
    school
  • Students take science, math, social studies,
    reading and technology, P.E. is usually mandatory
    in primary through 9th grade
  • Foreign languages offered in American Schools
    include French and Spanish (most popular) and
    German, Chinese, Latin, Greek, and Japanese (less
    common).
  • In high school students choose electives which
    include
  • Visual arts
  • Performing arts
  • Technology
  • Computers
  • Athletics
  • Publishing
  • And foreign languages

11
Chinese School Culture
  • In the rest of this presentation you will learn
    of different Chinese school cultures including
    the length of day, the foods they eat, their
    dress code, the values students are taught in
    school, the languages spoken in China, and fun
    facts about the Chinese School System!

12
Length of School Day
  • Chinese Middle School
  • Classes start at 800 am
  • There is usually a two hour lunch break because
    students go home for lunch
  • They return at 200 and stay until 500
  • They go home again at 500 and students return to
    school at 700
  • Students stay at school until 800-830 pm but
    seniors stay until 900-930!
  • American Middle-High School
  • School usually lasts 6 hours starting around 800
    am and lasting until 200 pm
  • Many students stay at school for extra curricular
    activates and tutoring
  • Some students have JOBS!
  • Many students go home and watch TV or play video
    games
  • In primary school, many go to daycare.
  • Why the difference in the length of day?
  • Students usually stay at school longer to study!
  • Schools accommodate students to help them study
    and do homework
  • In America, most students have a quiet place to
    go and do homework, but China is densely
    populated and there are not a lot of quiet places
    for students to study, so schools stay open for
    them.
  • Fun Facts
  • Some schools stay open as late as 1100 pm!

13
Length of School Year
  • Chinese Primary Schools have two semesters with
    one week in reserve sort of like winter break
    in America.
  • There are 13 weeks throughout the year that are
    for vacations and holidays.
  • The school year is 39 weeks long.
  • Chinese Middle Schools are set up differently.
  • Jr. Middle School has 39 weeks of school in two
    semester.
  • Jr. Middle school has one week in reserve
  • Sr. Middle school has 40 weeks in two semesters
    and two weeks in reserve.
  • American Schools attend school six hours a day
    and usually have 175-185 days of school in a
    year. Most schools have summer break for 2 1/2
    months between June and August.

14
Food Served in China
  • Traditional foods served in China include Rice,
    Fish, Chicken, Soup, Vegetables
  • American lunches usually have a protein rich
    food, veggies, bread, milk, and fruit.

15
Chinese Dress Code
  • Pants or skirts
  • Plain khaki or black pants/skirts
  • NO jeans, shorts, or cargo pants
  • Pants and jeans fit at waistline
  • Skirts must be two inches about knee or longer!
  • Skirts cannot have any slits or opening
  • Jewelry
  • Shirts
  • Plain white or school colored polo's
  • Long or short sleeves
  • School t-shirts, sweatshirts, or sweaters
  • Plain white long-sleeved shirts or turtlenecks
    under shirts
  • All shirts must be of appropriate size
  • Jewelry
  • Gold or silver jewelry
  • NO dog tags!
  • NO Pendants larger than a quarter
  • Belts
  • Plain brown, black or khaki belts with buckles no
    wider than belt
  • No lettering, sayings, or pictures!
  • Shoes and socks
  • All shoes must have closed toes and heels
  • Any colored tennis shoe with matching laces of
    appropriate size
  • Dark soft soled shoes only! NO HEELS!
  • Plain white socks with white shoes
  • Dark socks with dark shoes

16
Chinese Values Taught to Children
  • In China there is a value system that includes
    eight Honors and Disgraces
  • Love the country do it no harm
  • Serve the people never betray them
  • Follow science discard superstition
  • Be diligent not indolent
  • Be united help each other make no gains at
    others expense
  • Be honest and trustworthy do not sacrifice
    ethics for profit
  • Be disciplined and law-abiding not chaotic and
    lawless
  • Live plainly do not wallow in luxuries and
    pleasures
  • There are five necessities in the Chinese
    Culture
  • Food
  • Clothing
  • Housing
  • Transportation
  • Education

17
Languages spoken in China
  • There are seven main languages in China!
  • Mandrin
  • Wu
  • Cantonese
  • Min
  • Hakka
  • Xiang
  • Gan
  • Fun Facts
  • When you take in consideration different dialects
    there are between seven and seventeen languages
    spoken in China
  • The English language is taught from the age of
    six in China. English can also be taken as a
    foreign language in Jr. Middle School!

18
Chinese Numbers
  • Number Chinese Pronunciation
  • 1 one yee
  • 2 two uhr
  • 3 three sahn
  • 4 four suh
  • 5 five woo
  • 6 six lyo
  • 7 seven chee
  • 8 eight bah
  • 9 nine jyo
  • 10 ten shi

19
Chinese Stereotypes
  • There are common false stereotypes and
    misconceptions about the Overseas Chinese that
    deserve to be corrected
  • 1. They are one big family that extends from
    Mainland China across the world.
  • 2. They are naturally business-minded.
  • 3. They are cutthroat and unscrupulous in
    business.
  • 4. They are clannish and communally closed to the
    outside world.
  • 5. Their primary loyalties are to a foreign or
    native China.
  • 6. They are all involved in secret societies that
    perpetuate the vices of gambling, drugs and
    prostitution.
  • 7. They are a-political, only interested in
    making money.
  • 8. They are all immersed in an intricate web of
    "networks" and connections by which they achieve
    unfair advantages in business.
  • 9. Most Chinese achieve upward or downward
    mobility within a single generation.
  • 10. All Chinese are urban dwelling
    merchant-middlemen who tend to cluster in
    Chinatowns.

20
Stereotypes contd
  • Other Chinese stereotypes include that they are
    have dark hair, slanted eyes, and are short and
    skinny.
  • Chinese/Asian characters have mostly been
    portrayed as Chinatown gangsters, Kung Fu
    fighters or forever-smiling servant types, no
    intelligence, no dignity.

21
Fun Facts!
  • While American schools are focusing on
    standardizing reading, writing, and math. China
    is trying to stress more creative thinking and
    control!
  • In the past, Chinese education focused on rote
    memorization. Today, teachers jobs are to
    promote, cooperate, and guide. China tries to
    emphasize hands-on experiences. This is so
    because Chinese students have all the knowledge
    they need, but they do not have the communication
    skills they need to compete in todays society.
  • Many schools stay open until 1100pm!
  • Schools try to create a powerful sense of
    community in the school!
  • Students double as janitors! They sweep and clean
    the school everyday!
  • Many Sr. Middle school students take over the
    lectures in math class!
  • In some American Schools, students are allowed to
    leave school at 16 years old. In China, students
    stay until they are 18 because the age that
    people are allowed to have jobs is 18!

22
Questions
  • 1. What is one thing that you thought was
    interesting about Chinese Schools?
  • 2. Describe two of the eight values that Chinese
    Students are taught in school and compare them to
    values that you have.
  • 3. Go to http//www.enchantedlearning.com/inventor
    s/china.shtml and read about a Chinese Inventor.
    Write one paragraph describing one invention and
    how it is used today in America.
  • 4. Why are Chinese schools trying to stress more
    creativity in their classrooms?
  • 5. List five things that are necessities in your
    life, compare them to the five necessities in
    Chinese peoples lives.
  • 6. Compare Chinese Schools to your school, use a
    Venn Diagram.

23
Activities
  • Practice Writing Chinese numbers
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/school/China/numb
    ers/Writenumbers.shtml
  • Make a Chinese Calendar
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/books/holiday/chi
    nesenewyear/info//
  • Practice eating noodles with chopsticks
  • Pretend that you are attending a Chinese Middle
    school, write a narrative story describing the
    events of your day.

24
Bibliography
  • Baker, Linda. (2004). Chinese Schools Get
    Creative.
  • http//www.csmonitor.com/2004/0120/p14s01-legn.htm
    l. (this website tells about how Chinas schools
    are reforming toward creativity instead of rote
    memorization)
  • Chinatown Connection. (2007).History of Chinese
    Education, Five Necessities of Chinese Culture.
    http//www.chinatownconnection.com/chinese_educati
    on.htm. (this website tells about the Chinese
    necessities for living)
  • English Plus. (2000). A Month in a Chinese High
    School.
  • http//englishplus.com/news/news0700.htm. (this
    is a personal journal of a woman that spent a
    month in China and told of her experience)
  • Nicholls, Mark. (2007). Friendship Is The Dish Of
    The Day.
  • http//new.edp24.co.uk/content/features/story.aspx
    ?brandEDPOnlinecategoryFeaturestBrandEDPOnlin
    etCategoryFeaturesitemidNOED2820Jan20200720
    140832267 (this website told about the foods
    that Chinese studetns eat for lunch)
  • Sina Corporation. (2006). CPC Promotes "Core
    Value System" to Lay Moral
  • Foundation for Social Harmony. http//english.sina
    .com/china/1/2006/1018/92262.html. (this website
    tells about the values that Chinese children are
    taught in school)

25
Bibliography
  • Surowski, David B. History of the Educational
    System of China.
  • http//www.math.ksu.edu/dbski/publication/history
    .html. (this website has the history of Chins
    educational system)
  • Unknown. (2000). Education.
  • http//www.index-china.com/index-english/educatio
    ns.htm. (this website gives pertinent information
    about each level of Chins edcuation system)
  • Unknown. Overview of the Educational System of
    China.
  • http//www-personal.ksu.edu/dbski/publication/ove
    rview. (this website gives pertinent information
    about Chinas education system)
  • Unknown. Basic Education. http//www.tiglion.net/c
    hina/gen_info/educate/basic.htm (this website
    gives pertinent information about each level of
    Chinas education system)
  • Unknown. The American School System.
  • http//www.rzuser.uniheidelberg.de/el6/presentati
    ons/pres_c2_uss/TheAmericanSchoolSystem.htm (this
    website gives pertinant information about
    American educational system)
  • Wikipedia. (2007). Chinese Language.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_Unit
    ed_States. (This website tells about the
    different languages spoken in China)
  • Wikipedia. (2007). Education in The United
    States.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_Unit
    ed_States. (this website tells about the
    educational system in the United States)

26
Bibliography
  • http//www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-12/1
    0/content_399251.htm (this website has one
    stereotype of Chinese people on it)
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/themes/china.shtm
    l (this website has activities for children k-3
    about China)
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