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Child Abuse


38.004. CHILD ABUSE REPORTING AND PROGRAMS. ... Over 3 million incidents of child abuse will be reported this year ... report suspected child abuse or neglect ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child Abuse

Child Abuse
  • Clara Cáceres Contreras
  • School Health
  • Safe and Drug-Free Schools Communities
  • Region One Education Service Center
  • 956-984-6125

Role of the School
    (a) The agency shall develop a policy governing
    the child abuse reports required by Chapter 261,
    Family Code, of school districts and their
    employees. The policy must provide for
    cooperation with law enforcement child abuse
    investigations without the consent of the child's
    parents if necessary, including investigations by
    the Department of Protective and Regulatory
    Services. Each school district shall adopt the
    policy. (b) Each school district shall provide
    child abuse antivictimization programs in
    elementary and secondary schools.Added by Acts
    1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

  • Over 3 million incidents of child abuse will be
    reported this year
  • Up to 5,000 children will be killed this year
    because of abuse
  • 50 of all children being abused are school age
  • The other 50 of abused children are pre-school
  • Every 10 seconds, a child will be abused in the
  • A child is sexually abused in some manner every 2
    minutes in the US

What is Child Abuse?
  • Isolated incident and/or pattern by which the
    child is harmed
  • Emotionally/psychologically
  • Physically
  • Sexually
  • Can be displayed by threats of violence,
    intimidation, or physical contact

What is Neglect?
  • Failure to provide for a childs basic needs
  • Safety
  • Food/water
  • Adequate shelter
  • Medical attention
  • Etc.

Responsibility to Report
  • Childs physical/mental health/welfare has been
    or may be adversely affected by abuse or neglect
  • Must report the case immediately to a law
    enforcement agency or CPS
  • Failure to report suspected child abuse or
    neglect is a Class B Misdemeanor

Responsibility to Report
  • Person reporting does not need to be certain that
    child is being abused or neglected, only to have
    a reason for believing
  • Concerned citizens should not try to investigate
    or intervene in the suspected abuse themselves
  • Any time a child discloses abuse to an adult, the
    adult has reason to make a report

Professionals Who Work With Children
  • If professional thinks a child has been or may be
    abused or neglected, he/she must report within 48
  • Professionals may not delegate or rely on another
    to make report

Types of Child Abuse
  • Emotional
  • Physical
  • Sexual
  • Neglect
  • Physical
  • Emotional
  • Educational

Emotional Abuse
  • Mental or Emotional Injury resulting in
    impairment in childs growth, development, or
    psychological functioning
  • Name-calling
  • Belittling/Insulting
  • Blaming
  • Withholding affection
  • Isolating the child
  • Negative comparison to others
  • Intimidation
  • Instilling fear through looks, actions, gestures,
    and/or property destruction
  • Using adult size
  • Aggressive yelling
  • Being violent to parent, pets, siblings, etc.

Emotional Abuse
  • Isolation
  • Controlling access to social interaction
  • Friends
  • Siblings
  • Other parent
  • Grandparents
  • Etc.
  • Threats
  • Abandonment
  • Suicide
  • Physical harm
  • Confinement
  • Harm to loved ones

Emotional Abuse
  • Emotional Abuse
  • Insults/name calling
  • Using children as confidants
  • Being inconsistent
  • Humiliating/degrading children
  • Using children to get/give information to other

  • Causing/permitting child to be in a situation in
    which the child sustains a mental or emotional
    injury resulting in observable and material
    impairment in childs
  • Growth
  • Development and
  • Psychological functioning
  • Abandonment
  • Leaving child in a situation where he/she may be
    exposed to substantial risk of physical or
    mental harm, without arranging necessary care
  • Demonstration by the parent/guardian, of intent
    not to return

Medical Neglect
  • Failure to seek, obtain or follow through with
    medical care for the child, resulting in
  • Risk of death, disfigurement, bodily injury or
    with the failure
  • Impairment in growth, development or functioning
    of child

Physical Neglect
  • Failure to provide the child with adequate
  • Food
  • Clothing or
  • Shelter
  • necessary to sustain life/health of child,
    excluding failure caused primarily by financial
    inability unless relief services had been offered
    and refused
  • Providing an unsafe environment/health hazard

Physical Abuse
  • Physical injury resulting in substantial harm to
    child, or genuine threat of such harm, including
  • Injury that varies with history or explanation
    given excluding accident or reasonable
    discipline by parent/guardian that does not
    expose child to substantial risk of harm
  • Corporal punishment is not in itself abusive
    under Texas law

Physical Abuse
  • Scratching, biting, arm twisting, pinching
  • Pushing, shoving
  • Choking
  • Slapping, punching, hitting, kicking
  • Pulling hair
  • Hitting with objects, throwing objects at him/her
  • Pushing down
  • Holding against ones will
  • Use of weapons

Physical Abuse cont
  • Failure to make reasonable effort to prevent
    another person from substantial harming child
  • Current use of a controlled substance in a manner
    that results in physical, mental or emotional
    injury to the child
  • Causing, permitting, or encouraging a child to
    use a controlled substance

Sexual Abuse
  • Failure to make a reasonable effort to prevent
    sexual conduct harmful to a child
  • Permitting or engaging in filming, photographing,
    or depicting of child in pornographic manner
  • Penetrating with fingers, objects and/or sexual
    organs orally, vaginally or anally
  • Touching private areas
  • Being intrusive of a childs private time
    (Example bathroom time)

Sexual Abuse cont
  • Commenting inappropriately on a childs anatomy
  • Fondling, masturbation of a child or self in
    childs presence
  • Possessing child pornography
  • Exposing self to a child
  • Forcing, coercing, or bribing a child to expose

Age of Consent Law
  • Anyone 13 younger is too young to give consent
  • At 17, individuals are considered adults in this
  • If 14-16 year olds have consensual relationship
  • Affirmative defense makes prosecution difficult
    if both are within 3 years of age
  • Should still be reported to CPS

Non-verbal Warning Signs
  • Withdrawal, distance from family
  • Sleeping or Eating problems
  • Developmental delays
  • Careful movement
  • Mood swings/behavioral changes
  • Bed-wetting

Verbal Warning Signs
  • Denial or minimization of the abuse
  • Explanation does not match injury
  • Reluctance to discuss injury
  • Complaining of pain
  • Phobias

Somatic Warning Signs
  • Children often dont talk about something that is
    wrong many develop physical problems such as
  • Headaches
  • Stomach problems
  • Asthma attacks

Physical Warning Signs
  • Abdominal injuries
  • Injuries hidden by clothing
  • Wounds to the back (knees, neck, torso, etc.
  • Multiple injuries
  • Injuries to multiple sides of body
  • Imprints of instruments on skin

Physical Warning Signs
  • Bald patches
  • Clusters of bruises
  • Strange patterns of bruises
  • Bruises after absence from school

Physical Warning Signs- Bruises
  • Multiple stages of healing
  • Life cycle of a bruise
  • Initial Red
  • 6-12 hours Blue
  • 12-24 hours Black/purple
  • 4-6 days Dark green tint
  • 5-10 days Light green/yellow (sometimes with a
    brown tint)

Signs of Neglect
  • Begging for money or food
  • Excessive absences
  • Poor hygiene
  • Inappropriately dressed for weather
  • Parent is apathetic or depressed
  • Parent behaves in irrational manner
  • Parent appears to be under influence

Other Warning Signs
  • Escape through drugs/alcohol
  • Sexual promiscuity
  • Sexual knowledge/behavior beyond age
  • Frequent injuries
  • Running away

Working with Kids
  • Tell them its not their fault!!!
  • Let them know youre glad they told
  • Do not promise confidentiality
  • Encourage, dont force talking

Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
  • 1-800-252-5400
  • Do not call your local office to make report.
  • Anyone wishing to report must report through the
    above hotline

Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
  • Professionals may report non-emergencies at the
    following website
  • https//
  • Using login professional
  • And password report1 (all lowercase)
  • The general public may report non-emergencies
    online at
  • https//
  • Serious emergencies should be called in to 911

CPS Investigation
  • Reports are assigned priority that determines
    time frames for starting investigation (based on
  • Priority I Immediate risk for abuse/neglect
    that could cause death or serious harm
  • Must start investigation within 24 hours of
    initial report
  • Priority II Includes all reports not classified
    as Priority I
  • Investigation must start within 10 days of
    initial report
  • Other reports that do not meet definition of
    abuse or neglect (as defined by Family Code) are
    not assigned

CPS Investigation
  • Staff must assign a disposition to each
    accusation for investigation
  • Reason to Believe abuse has occurred
  • Ruled Out no abuse has occurred based on
  • Unable to Complete conclusion cannot be made
    because family 1) could not be found 2) would
    not cooperate

Hidalgo and Starr Counties Mujeres
Unidas/Women Together
  • Family Justice Center
  • 511 N. Cynthia St.
  • McAllen, TX 78501
  • (956) 630-4878
  • Satellite Office
  • 420 N. 21st Street
  • McAllen, TX 78501
  • (956) 664-2826
  • 24 Hour Crisis Hotline
  • 1-800-580-4879
  • Free Confidential services provided to victims
    of domestic violence and sexual assault.

Cameron CountyFamily Crisis Center
Jim Hogg, Webb, and Zapata Counties Casa de
  • 1602 W. Harrison, Suite C
  • Harlingen, TX 78552
  • (956) 423-9304
  • Satellite Office
  • 129 N. 3rd St.
  • Raymondville, TX 78580
  • (956) 689-5250

Lamar Rooney Vergada Center 100 Mir St. Laredo,
TX 78043 (877) 782-2722