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Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect: What Mandated Reporters in Schools Need to Know

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Be familiar with School policies and procedures for child abuse and neglect. Know when and how to report child abuse or neglect. Know what happens once a report ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect: What Mandated Reporters in Schools Need to Know


1
Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect What
Mandated Reporters in Schools Need to Know
2
Orientation Objectives
  • Participants should
  • Be familiar with School policies and procedures
    for child abuse and neglect.
  • Know when and how to report child abuse or
    neglect.
  • Know what happens once a report is made.
  • Increase awareness about your responsibility as a
    Mandated Reporter in regard to child abuse and
    neglect policies and procedures.

3
Why School Personnel?
  • School employees have daily contact with
    children.
  • The effects of abuse are barriers to learning.
  • All school personnel are Mandated Reporters.

4
Why now?
  • New revised policy and procedures
  • Annual training required for all school employees
  • In 2000, approximately 32.6 children per 1,000
    experienced abuse or neglect. Only half of these
    incidents were reported to CPS agencies

5
How Child Abuse and Neglect has Increased through
the Years
6
Who are Mandated Reporters?
  • Any person whose work regularly brings him/her in
    contact with children and who has been
    specifically designated by the legislature.

7
How does the School District Support Mandated
Reporters?
  • By ensuring that each school has a Child
    Protection Team (CPT) that provides consultation,
    training, and procedural guidance on all matters
    of child abuse and neglect.
  • By maintaining a system wide Child Protection
    Team that meets monthly.

8
When do I have to Share my Concerns about a Child?
  • Whenever you have
  • A suspicion of abuse or neglect of a child under
    18.

9
With Whom Should I Share my Concerns?
  • Any of the following members of the schools
    Child Protection Team
  • Counselor
  • School Nurse
  • Social Worker
  • Assistant Principal
  • Principal

10
What Does the CPT do with the Information it
Receives?
  • The Team convenes to determine if the
    presentation of facts creates a suspicion of
    child abuse or neglect. (Absolute proof is not
    needed).
  • If the team determines there is a reasonable
    cause to file a report, it will be responsible
    for the actual filing with Department of Social
    Services (DSS).

11
What is the Role of DSS?
  • To protect children who have been abused or
    neglected by a caretaker.
  • To investigate child abuse and neglect
    allegations.
  • To strengthen and support families.
  • To ensure that each child has a safe, nurturing,
    and permanent home.

12
The Supreme Court has said
  • Mandated Reporters are not permitted to weigh
    the credibility of witnesses, sift the evidence
    or determine whether the department would find
    reasonable cause to conclude that abuse did in
    fact occur.
  • The Legislature has entrusted such judgments to
    the department (DSS).

13
Neglect is Defined as
  • The failure, either deliberately or through
    negligence or inability, to take those actions
    necessary to provide a child with minimally
    adequate food, clothing, shelter, medical care,
    supervision, emotional stability and growth, or
    other essential care. It is understood that such
    inability is not solely due to inadequate
    economic resources or solely due to the existence
    of a handicapping condition.

14
Emotional Abuse is Defined as
  • Excessive, aggressive, or unreasonable behavior
    by an adult which places demands on a child that
    are above his/her capabilities. This may include
    verbal attacks, humiliation, degradation, chronic
    rejection of the child, close confinement of the
    child, or the permitting or abetting of
    delinquent behavior.

15
Physical Abuse is Defined as
  • Infliction, by other than accidental means, of
    physical harm upon the body of a child.

16
Sexual Abuse is Defined as
  • Any sexual contact between a caretaker and a
    child or the commission of a sex offense against
    a child as defined by the criminal laws the State.

17
If the Information is from an Anonymous Source,
do I still Report?
  • Yes, report it, the source of the information is
    irrelevant.
  • If a mandated reporter has information which
    gives him/her reasonable cause to believe that a
    child is being abused or neglected, bring it to
    the attention of the CPT who will then contact
    the Superintendent and DSS.

18
What if I dont Report Suspected Abuse?
  • Mandated reporters shall be criminally punished
    by a fine of up to 1000 for failing to file
    pursuant to their duties.
  • As with all other policies and procedures, staff
    is required to adhere to this policy as a
    condition of employment.

19
Frequently Asked Questions
  • Do I have to tell the Parent/Guardian that I am
    reporting?
  • No, but you will be asked by DSS if you have
    notified the parent.
  • Safety first do not tell parents if they are the
    suspected perpetrators as this may put the child
    at additional risk!

20
Please Remember
  • You are in a unique position to identify
    potential cases of abuse and neglect of children,
    because of your sustained contact with school-age
    children. Responsible action by employees can be
    achieved through recognition and understanding of
    potential problems, knowing and following
    established reporting procedures, and
    participating in available child abuse and
    neglect information/training programs.
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