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Child Abuse and Neglect

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Child Abuse and Neglect. Kathryn Conroy, LCSW, DSW. Columbia University School of Social Work ... Committee to Prevent Child Abuse. Bureau of Justice ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child Abuse and Neglect


1
Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Kathryn Conroy, LCSW, DSW
  • Columbia University School of Social Work
  • International scholar at Mongolian State
    University of Education

2
Why do parents maltreat their children?
  • Psychopathology
  • Environmental Stress
  • Social Learning

3
Psychopathology
  • The primary cause of the abuse resides within the
    parents personality or character traits
  • Mental Illness

4
Environmental Stress
  • Poverty, racism, unemployment, occupational
    stress, marital stress
  • Predisposition of society to be violent toward
    all children.
  • Alcoholism and addiction

5
Social Learning
  • Ignorance regarding child rearing and child
    development.
  • Lack of learning to be effective parents
    including affective and emotional lessons.
  • Learning of actual maladaptive behaviors.

6
Scope of the Problem
  • 3 million reports of CA/N made last year.
  • 3 million reports involve 5.6 million children
  • US Department of HHS estimates incidence to be 3
    times the number reported.

7
Incidence
  • (all statistics in this overview are from
    HHS/ACYF 2004 the most recent year available)
  • 50,000 allegations per week
  • 3 million referrals in 2004
  • 3 million referrals 5.5 million children
  • National rate 42.6 per 1000 children
    (compared to 39.1 per 1000 in
    2003)

8
Types of Maltreatment
  • Neglect 62.4
  • Physical Abuse 17.5
  • Sexual Abuse 9.7
  • Emotional Maltreatment 7.0
  • Medical Neglect 2.1

9
Distribution by Gender
  • Males account for 48.3 of all cases reported
  • Females account for 51.7
  • Males account for 0.4 cases of sexual abuse per
    1000 children in the population.
  • Females account for 1.7

10
Distribution by Age of CA/N
  • 0 3 years of age 16.1 per 1000
  • 4 - 7 years of age 13.4 per 1000
  • 8 11 years of age 11.7 per 1000
  • 12 15 years of age 10.7 per 1000
  • 16 17 years of age 5.9 per 1000

11
Distribution by Race
  • 53.8 of all victims are white
  • 25.2 are African American
  • 17.0 are Hispanic
  • 2 are American Indians/Alaska Natives
  • 1 are Asian/Pacific Islanders

12
Perpetrators
  • 57.8 female average age 31
  • 42.2 males average age 34
  • 83.4 are parents and 90 of them are
    biological parents
  • 10 are unmarried partner of parent, legal
    guardian or foster parents
  • 6.5 are other relatives

13
Sexual Abuse
  • 1 in 4 girls by age of 18
  • 1 in 6 boys by age of 18
  • 1 in 5 children are solicited sexually while on
    the internet
  • 30 40 by a family member
  • 50 by someone they know
  • 10 by strangers

14
Sexual Abuse continued
  • Median age 9
  • 30 of victims disclose to no one
  • 75 disclose accidentally
  • 20 recant
  • Children fabricate only 0.5 of the time

15
Distribution by Age of Child Fatalities
  • 0 3 years 78. of all child fatalities
  • 1 year 15.6
  • 2 years 12.6
  • 3 years 6.9
  • 4 7 years 10.2
  • 8 11 years 5.4
  • 12 17 years 5.7
  • The younger they are the more at risk.

16
Reports by Source
  • Educational Personnel 16.3 of total
  • Legal, Law Enforcement 16.0
  • Social Service Personnel 11.6
  • Medical Personnel 8.2
  • Mental Health Personnel 3.0
  • Day Care Foster Care Providers 1.7
  • Anonymous 9.1
  • Other Relatives 8.1
  • Neighbors 5.8

17
Reports by Disposition
  • Substantiated 25.7
  • Unsubstantiated 57.7
  • Indicated 4.1 (probably substantiated but
    could not be proved)
  • Closed with no finding 1.6
  • Other 11

18
Remedy/Response
  • Education
  • Prevention
  • Intervention

19
Education
  • Of the general public
  • how to identify
  • what to do
  • where to go

20
Prevention
  • identify early
  • target those with risk factors (poverty,
    substance abuse, domestic violence, mental
    illness, etc.)
  • involve the community

21
Intervention
  • break down isolation
  • ameliorate risk factors
  • Repair

22
Sources (all available on web)
  • Health and Human Services
  • Administration for Children and Families
  • Childrens Bureau
  • National Committee to Prevent Child Abuse
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • FEDSTATS
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