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JOHN QUINCY ADAMS 18251829

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Cherokee were the most like Americans. ... Cherokee in the Black Hills, NC. Seminole in the Everglades, FL (Second Seminole War) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JOHN QUINCY ADAMS 18251829


1
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS1825-1829
2
THE ELECTION OF 1824
  • Andrew Jackson was 1st in electoral and popular
    votes, but not a majority of the Electoral
    College (states from everywhere).
  • John Quincy Adams was 2nd in the electoral votes,
    mostly New England states.
  • William Crawford was 3rd in electoral votes, but
    only 2 states in the South.
  • Henry Clay was 4th and the 12th Amendment limits
    the House to select from the top three candidates.

3
ADAMS
JACKSON
CLAY
CRAWFORD
4
THE ELECTION OF 1824
  • Adams won, because Clay gave his support to
    Adams.
  • Adams appoints Clay as his Secretary of State.
  • Jackson supporters called it the Corrupt
    Bargain and this ends the Era of Good Feelings
    .
  • NOTE Adams presidential programs were defeated
    by Jackson supporters in Congress.

5
ANDREW JACKSON1829-1837
6
CHANGES IN IDEAS ABOUT DEMOCRACY
7
INDIAN REMOVAL
  • By the 1820s, about 100,000 Native-Americans
    remained east (in southeast) of the Mississippi
    River.
  • The Five Civilized Tribes The Cherokee,
    Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole adopted
    many white-man customs. Cherokee were the most
    like Americans.

8
  • State governments allowed settlers to move onto
    tribal lands.
  • Jackson felt the states were right, because the
    Indians were conquered subjects.
  • Indian Removal Act (1830) required the government
    to negotiate treaties that would require Indians
    to relocate west.
  • Many tribes saw no choice, but to sign the
    treaties exchanging their land for land in the
    west.

9
  • Beginning in 1831, tribes were moved to the
    Indian Territory.
  • THE INDIAN TERRITORY present-day Oklahoma and
    parts of Kansas and Nebraska.

10
  • In 1832, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the
    Cherokees, but Jackson refused to follow the
    decision.

11
Trail of Tears
  • In 1838, federal troops under Gen. Winfield Scott
    rounded up about 16,000 Cherokee.
  • Over the fall and winter of 1838-1839, the
    Cherokee were forced to march west in terrible
    living conditions.
  • One-fourth of them died.

12
TRAIL of TEARS
13
Indian Resistance
  • Cherokee in the Black Hills, NC.
  • Seminole in the Everglades, FL (Second Seminole
    War).
  • Sauk and Fox in Illinois (Black Hawk War).

Second Seminole War
Black Hawk
14
INDIAN REMOVAL
  • NOTE
  • The Indian removal policy destroyed the
    Native-American way of life and the U.S.
    government, as Americans moved further west, used
    this type of Indian removal policy.

15
SECTIONALISM
  • NORTHEAST
  • Economy based on industry.
  • Supported spending on internal improvements.
  • Western land to be priced high, to keep labors in
    cities.
  • High tariffs, to protect American products.

16
SECTIONALISM
  • WEST
  • Economy based on farming.
  • Supported spending on internal improvements.
  • Western land to be priced low, to encourage
    western growth.
  • Tariffs were not an important issue.

17
SECTIONALISM
  • SOUTH
  • (By 1800) Economy based on slavery and cotton.
  • Opposed spending on internal improvements and
    spending in general.
  • Price of western land was not overly important.
  • Low tariffs, because they depended on foreign
    trade for products (Bills of Credit).

18
STATES RIGHTS
  • Tariff of Abominations (1828) a high tariff
    passed during Adams administration.
  • Doctrine of Nullification a state had a right to
    reject a federal law that it considered
    unconstitutional. John C. Calhoun
  • Webster-Hayne debate of 1830 over the doctrine of
    nullification.

Calhoun
19
STATES RIGHTS
  • Jackson opposed the Doctrine of Nullification.
  • South Carolina threatens to secede, if tariff is
    enforced.
  • Henry Clay (1833) compromise tariff was passed by
    Congress and the crisis ended.
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