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Cherokee Indians


In 1801, the Cherokee agreed to let the white men open a school because they ... The Cherokee people historically lived in houses made of mud and clay with roofs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cherokee Indians

Cherokee Indians
  • Up to 1850
  • By Cassandra Garkow, Donna, Seth Watts
  • Hum 350
  • 1 February 2005

Children at Play
Children at Play
  • Work vs. Play
  • Games
  • Lacrosse
  • Tug of War
  • Hoop Game
  • Blow Guns
  • Samuels Memory

Study Questions
  • 1. What was a common game played among the
    Cherokee children and what was it used for?
  • 2. Some of the games and toys used were to
    develop certain types of
  • skills. What were the skills being developed ?
    Name two.

Cherokee Education
Cherokee education
  • Before the Europeans came to America, old
    Cherokee men would educate the children about
    their culture by telling them stories about how
    Cherokee land was created.
  • After Europeans arrived, they tried to convince
    the Cherokee to let them open schools for the
    children. It would give them a way to spread
    their religious beliefs.
  • In 1801, the Cherokee agreed to let the white men
    open a school because they wanted their children
    to have the tools to resist the white mens
    efforts to take over their land.

Cherokee education cont.
  • The first school, called Moravian Brethren,
    taught children reading, writing, and arithmetic.
    Some kids were also taught English, grammar, and
  • Children were also taught economical skills such
    as how to make clothes.
  • Children mainly learned in English until a
    Cherokee man named Sequoyah invented the Cherokee
    alphabet, which was taught in schools soon after.

Cherokee education cont.
  • Before the Cherokee were forced to leave the
    South during the Trail of Tears, they relied on
    the missionaries to educate their children.
  • Soon after reaching their destination, they
    established a national school system.

Study Question
  • What was the Cherokees reason for letting the
    white men open a school to teach their children?
  • What man made it possible for children to be
    educated in their native language?

The Trail of Tears
The Trail of Tears 1838-1839
  • What occurred prior to the Native Americans
    being forced to relocate in the West?
  • They were forced into detention camps or
  • The children were often separated from their
    families and driven into the stockades without
    blankets or shelter
  • The children were repeatedly raped and forced to
    perform acts of depravation

The Trail of Tears 1838-1839
  • How were the children affected during the
    Trail of Tears?
  • Many lost their parents and so were cared for by
    members of their clan
  • The very young were allowed to ride in the wagons
    but most had to walk the majority of the 1,000
    mile journey
  • The majority of the deaths were children
  • Causes were starvation, cold, hardship, measles,
    cholera, dysentery, whooping cough, colds,
    influenza, diarrhea, fevers, and gonorrhea

Cherokee Indians and Gender Roles
Gender Roles Girls
  • Cherokee girls, learned many handcrafts that
    were passed down from there mothers and
    generation to generation.
  • The Crazy Quilt was a favorite among the
    Cherokees, because it was similar to the Cherokee
    "rag-cloth" of ancient times which utilized the
    scraps from many different sewing projects
  • Girls helped there mothers do most of the tending
    of the crop and gardens.

Gender Roles Boys
  • Boys went hunting with there dads for meat mainly
    bear, elk, and buffalo. In the late 1800s they
    began to stay closer to home when they started
    raising cattle
  • Boys also strived to posses many talents and
    accomplishments so when they grow up, they could
    become part of the tribal council when they grew
    to become men.
  • The boys also loved a traditional game called
    Stick Ball (which was a game played with branches
    and different types of items to make what we
    would call a ball.)

Study Question
  • What are some Gender Roles for Cherokee Boys?
  • What are some Gender Roles for Cherokee Girls?

Cherokee Technology
Cherokee Technology Housing
  • The Cherokee people historically lived in houses
    made of mud and clay with roofs of brush and
    river cane. In the winter time, they lived in
    even smaller clay and mud houses which included
    the construction of the roof, as well, in order
    to keep warm.
  • By the late 1700s, many Cherokees were living in
    log cabins

Cherokee Technology Musical Instruments
  • The Water Drum
  • The River Cane flute
  • Trumpets
  • Turtle shells Rattles

Cherokee Technology Hunting and Warfare weapons
  • Bows and Arrows
  • Spears
  • Tomahawks
  • Blowguns

Cherokee Technology Baby Carrier
  • Old Indian Carrier
  • New Baby Carrier

Study questions
  • What were turtle shells used for in the Cherokee
  • What was most commonly used by the Cherokee's
    when they hunted and fought in wars?

  • Auderbac, Susan. (1994). Cherokee Indians. In
    Encyclopedia of Multiculturalism. (Vol. 1, pp.
    132). New York Marshall Cavendish Publishing.
  • Brown, Brenda K. and Marcelle, Edwards S. (1982).
    Cherokee and proud of it. South Pittsburg
  • Brown, John P. (1938). Old Frontiers The Story
    of Cherokee from the Earliest Times to the Date
    of There Removal West. Kingsport, Tn Southern
  • Claro, Nicole. (1992). The Cherokee Indians.
    Mexico Chelsea House Publishers.
  • Collier, Peter. (1973). When Shall They Rest? The
    Cherokees Long Struggles With America. New York
    Holt Rinehart, and Winston.
  • Foreman, Grant. The Five Civilized Tribes.
    Oklahoma The University of Oklahoma Press, 1934

  • Lund, Bill. (1997). The Cherokee Indians.
    Minnesota Capstone Press.
  • Reitman, Irvin M. (1964). Red Men of Fire, A
    History of the Cherokee Indians. Springfield, Il
    Charles C. Thomas Publishing.
  • Starkey, Marion L. The Cherokee Nation. New
    York Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1946.
  • Von Dassanowsky, Eiter R. (2000). Cherokees. In
    Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. (2nd
    Ed, Vol. 1, pp. 362-372). D.C Gale Publishing