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BANGLADESH EXPERIENCE PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND PROCUREMENT

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Way Forward for FM Reform in Bangladesh- DFID and GoB ... Financial Management Reform Program FMRP (DFID & Dutch) PFM -Lessons from Harmonization ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BANGLADESH EXPERIENCE PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND PROCUREMENT


1
BANGLADESH EXPERIENCE PUBLIC FINANCIAL
MANAGEMENT AND PROCUREMENT
  • A presentation for
  • Concurrent Session on
  • Public Financial Management and Procurement

2
Contents
  • Financial Management
  • Public Financial Management Reforms
  • Lessons Learnt
  • Harmonization, Alignment and Simplification-
    broad picture
  • Future Challenges
  • Procurement
  • Procurement Reform
  • Lessons Learned Contributions to Harmonization
  • Use of Country Systems Procurement in relation
    to PFM
  • Future Challenges

3
PFM Reforms
  • Joint Diagnostic studies
  • Committee on Reforms in Budgeting and Expenditure
    Control ( CORBEC) DFID and GOB
  • Way Forward for FM Reform in Bangladesh- DFID
    and GoB
  • Country Financial Accountability Assessment
  • (CFAA)- World Bank, UNDP and GoB
  • PFM indicators as a part of on-going Joint
    Public Expenditure,Procurement and Financial
    Management Review -DFID, WB GOB

4
PFM Reforms (continued)
  • Major PFM Reforms Policy Operational
  • Reforms in Budgeting and Expenditure Control
    (RIBEC), Financial Management Academy ( FIMA),
    Reforms in Govt Audit ( RIGA)- DFID
  • Strengthening the Office of Comptroller and
    Auditor General (STAG) UNDP
  • ISMOF EEFM- ADB
  • Strengthening GOBs FM Capacity and Building
    Institutional Capacity of the Office of the C
    AG - World Bank
  • Development Support Credit I, II and III- World
    Bank
  • ROSC Fiscal Transparency IMF and
  • Financial Management Reform Program FMRP (DFID
    Dutch)

5
PFM -Lessons from Harmonization
  • Lack of common understanding and proper
    coordination among various Ministries and Govt
    Departments
  • Differing Development Assistance Strategy by
    Donors
  • PFM priorities often not synchronized and lost

6
Harmonization- Broad Picture
  • PEDP II
  • 10 donors under one implementation Framework- ADB
    leads
  • Common PFM system (Reporting and Auditing)
  • Multi- lateral donors like WB and ADB harmonized
    individual requirements ( Common Withdrawal
    Application, audit reporting period)
  • Agreed FM Improvement Plan

7
Harmonization- Broad Picture (continued)
  • HNPSP
  • Pool and Non Pool Donors under common PFM system
    - WB leads
  • NO PIUs No Special Account
  • Govt spent first including donors share
  • Agreed Audit TOR with C AG
  • Common Audit and Reporting
  • Strengthen FM Framework including improvement
    plan for the Sector
  • Alignment of donor assistance on PFM along with
    GoB priority plans, PRSP, ROSC, CAS, PER
  • PFM Task Force a common platform by donors and
    Govt led by MOF
  • An Aid Governance Group (ERD) consisting of Donor
    and Govt Country Harmonization Action Plan

8
Challenges
  • DPs and GOB work under an uniform development
    assistance strategy for PFM
  • Progress Monitoring mechanism and timely
    adjustments of action plan
  • More Flexibility and Simplification of DPs FM
    policy and procedures to achieve better country
    outcome
  • More awareness on the value addition on
    Harmonization and Alignment Approaches
  • More delegation of responsibility and authority
    at country level

9
Procurement Reform background
  • Low Level of public procurement
  • performance constrained national development
  • The Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR)
    identified Key deficiencies in the public
    procurement system

10
CPAR Findings Recommendations (2001)
  • Opaque public procurement practices are the
    single most serious issue affecting whole public
    sectors activities
  • Set up a Public Procurement Policy Unit
  • Issue Public Procurement Rules
  • Streamline Proc. Process Financial Delegation
  • Develop Procurement Management Capacity
  • Publish Contract Awards
  • Introduce Appeal Procedures

11
Proc. Reform Achievements
  • DSC II DSC III
  • Procurement Law Performance triggers
  • IDA Credit August 2002 / 5 million/ 3
    years
  • Bangladesh now has a transparent public
    procurement regulations, accepted by most DPs
  • Established permanent procurement policy unit
  • Mandated harmonized procurement regulations
    STDs
  • Publishing contract awards
  • Mandated annual procurement review (audit)
  • Mandated independent appeal procedures for
    protests
  • Streamlined financial powers proc. approval
    process

12
Lessons from Harmonization
  • Joint effort of the Government and DPs
  • Participatory Approach, Flexibility/Adaptability
    of
  • new reform Procedures
  • Country Ownership
  • Agreed CPAR (DPs GOB)
  • GOBs political commitment for proc. Reform
  • Implementation of all CPAR recommendations
  • Implementation of reform with credit (NOT grant)
  • Permanent policy unit with Government resources
  • Critical mass of national trainers (40 p)
  • Institutionalize proc. capacity with local
    institute
  • MIS for monitoring reform outcomes/performance

13
Contributions to Harmonization
  • Aid Governance Group- ( ERD) Harmonizing Govt and
    Donors procurement requirement along the
    Procurement Regulations
  • Primary Education Development Program II
  • Countrys own harmonized procurement regulations
    for all local procurement (10 DPs GOB agreed)
  • Local- 85 of procurement in PEDP II.
  • All local procurement from common pool (DPs)
  • Annual procurement review (audit) as per GOB
    Proc. Regulations (by independent consultant)
  • HNPSP
  • Harmonized Procurement Procedures agreed plan
    for all local procurement

14
Contributions to Harmonization
  • Seven IDA funded projects including other DPS
    using Government Regulations for all local
    procurement
  • Piloting use of PFM framework for procurement as
    part of PFM baseline and performance indicators
  • Integrated analytical review of procurement with
    PFM and Public Expenditure group- World Bank,
    DFID and ADB
  • Centralized MIS in CPTU/IMED (using above
    indicators) for effective monitoring of
    procurement outcomes and performance (CPTU
    Website cptu.gov.bd)

15
Future Challenges
  • Compliance Monitoring of Procurement Reform
  • Roll out the capacity building across the country
    institutions including private sector
  • Piloting E-procurement
  • Mindset and Behavioral change by all parties and
  • Sustainability of already established CPTU and
    corresponding strengthening of IMED.
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