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What is news

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What is news? An overview of what journalists do and why they do it ... Celebrities. Arts and entertainment. Human interest. Two broad types of news. Hard news ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is news


1
What is news?
  • An overview of what journalists do and why they
    do it

2
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness

3
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact

4
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact
  • Proximity

5
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact
  • Proximity
  • Controversy

6
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact
  • Proximity
  • Controversy
  • Prominence

7
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact
  • Proximity
  • Controversy
  • Prominence
  • Currency

8
Definitions of news
  • Timeliness
  • Impact
  • Proximity
  • Controversy
  • Prominence
  • Currency
  • Oddity

9
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news

10
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • War

11
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • War
  • Natural disaster

12
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • War
  • Natural disaster
  • Politics

13
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • War
  • Natural disaster
  • Politics
  • Business

14
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • War
  • Natural disaster
  • Politics
  • Business
  • Crime

15
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • Soft news
  • Celebrities

16
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • Soft news
  • Celebrities
  • Arts and entertainment

17
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • Soft news
  • Celebrities
  • Arts and entertainment
  • Human interest

18
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • Soft news
  • Celebrities
  • Arts and entertainment
  • Human interest
  • Sports

19
Two broad types of news
  • Hard news
  • Soft news
  • Celebrities
  • Arts and entertainment
  • Human interest
  • Sports
  • Lifestyle

20
Sources of news
  • External events

21
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Disasters

22
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Disasters
  • Accidents

23
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Disasters
  • Accidents
  • War

24
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities

25
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Meetings

26
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Meetings
  • News conferences

27
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Meetings
  • News conferences
  • Demonstrations

28
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Enterprise
  • Public records

29
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Enterprise
  • Public records
  • Tips from sources

30
Sources of news
  • External events
  • Planned activities
  • Enterprise
  • Public records
  • Tips from sources
  • Connecting the dots

31
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent

32
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent
  • The rise of objectivity

33
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent
  • The rise of objectivity
  • The problem of balance

34
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent
  • The rise of objectivity
  • The problem of balance
  • Opinion journalism

35
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent
  • The rise of objectivity
  • The problem of balance
  • Opinion journalism
  • First obligation is to readers/viewers/listeners

36
Fairness and neutrality
  • A journalist must strive to be independent
  • The rise of objectivity
  • The problem of balance
  • Opinion journalism
  • First obligation is to readers/viewers/listeners
  • Opinionated but not partisan

37
Elements of a news story
38
Elements of a news story
  • Who?

39
Elements of a news story
  • Who?
  • What?

40
Elements of a news story
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?

41
Elements of a news story
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?

42
Elements of a news story
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • Why?

43
Elements of a news story
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • Why?
  • How?

44
What is journalism for?
  • The primary purpose of journalism is to provide
    citizens with the information they need to be
    free and self-governing
  • Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel

45
What is journalism for?
  • The primary purpose of journalism is to provide
    citizens with the information they need to be
    free and self-governing
  • Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel
  • Why such a high-minded definition?

46
First Amendment
  • Congress shall make no law abridging the
    freedom of speech, or of the press.

47
First Amendment
  • Congress shall make no law abridging the
    freedom of speech, or of the press.
  • Does this suggest a social obligation on the part
    of the press?

48
First Amendment
  • Congress shall make no law abridging the
    freedom of speech, or of the press.
  • Does this suggest a social obligation on the part
    of the press?
  • Can that obligation be enforced by the government?

49
Journalism as a profession
  • Does the First Amendment allow for journalism to
    be considered a profession?

50
Journalism as a profession
  • Does the First Amendment allow for journalism to
    be considered a profession?
  • Does the First Amendment offer special
    protections for journalists?

51
Journalism as a profession
  • Does the First Amendment allow for journalism to
    be considered a profession?
  • Does the First Amendment offer special
    protections for journalists?
  • Do the media have common elements?

52
Journalism as a profession
  • Does the First Amendment allow for journalism to
    be considered a profession?
  • Does the First Amendment offer special
    protections for journalists?
  • Do the media have common elements?
  • Can wrongdoers be sanctioned?

53
Jack Kelley
  • Foreign reporter for USA Today
  • Fabricated details of war reportage
  • Lost his job and is out of journalism

54
Mike Barnicle
  • Columnist for the Boston Globe
  • Survived repeated instances of plagiarism and
    fabrication
  • Lost job, but remains in journalism
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