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Whats new School of Veterinary Science University of Adelaide

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Title: Whats new School of Veterinary Science University of Adelaide


1
Whats new? School of Veterinary Science
University of Adelaide
  • Gail Anderson
  • BVSc (Hons), MSc, PhD, MACVSc
  • Diplomate ACVS

2
Who am I? surgeon, wife, step mum, cyclist,
artist, gardener
3
Who am I as a vet surgeon?
  • BVSc Hons (Melbourne) 1978
  • Clinical Training - Ontario College, Guelph,
    Canada 1980-84
  • Registrar Melbourne University SVS, 1984
  • Member ACVSc (Small Animal Surgery) 1985
  • Private practice Malvern, Melbourne, 1985
  • MSc, Guelph, 1985-87, Comparative Orthopaedics
  • Diplomat American College Veterinary Surgeons,
  • (Equine, production animal and SA Surgery) 1987
  • Director, Orthopaedic Research, St Michaels
    Hospital, University of Toronto, 1988-1995
  • PhD, University of Toronto, Bone Cell Biology,
    1990-1995
  • Assistant then Associate Professor, Faculty,
    Dalhousie Medical School, 1996-2003
  • Part-time private referral surgical practice in
    Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1996-2003
  • Associate Professor, Flinders University, School
    Health Sciences, 2003-2006
  • Private referral surgical practice, Adelaide
    Veterinary Specialist and Referral Centre,
    2003-2006
  • Professor Companion Animal Surgery Medicine

4
Historical Veterinary Science
  • Veterinary profession originated in the Middle
    East in the 14th century as equine doctors
  • Profession moved on to a rural production
    animal based focus
  • Largely male until the last few decades James
    Herriot model tweedy gentlemen that
    one could trust
  • Professional attributes - compassion,
    expertise, humaneness, judgement, care,
    understanding Gentle Doctor

5
21st Century Veterinary Profession
  • 2008 Australasia now has 7 schools with about
    100-120 in each year at Melbourne, Sydney and
    Queensland, about 80 each at Murdoch and Massey,
    with James Cook and Charles Sturt at 45 each
  • 2007 - Graduating about 460-480 new vets per year
  • Percentage of women at the traditional schools is
    now about 85-90 of each year (UK, Denmark,
    Australasia)
  • 2010 Graduating about 550 per year 600 by
    2013
  • Where do these graduates currently start in
    practice and where will they be mid-career?
  • How do we future proof the profession against
    over supply?

6
Veterinary Profession
  • Total vets in work 2009 about 8400
  • UQ 60 start in mixed or large animal practice
    and 40 go to small animal practice
  • Longevity of new grads in rural practice is
    several years, only 12-15 remain at 15 years
  • 7 unemployment amongst vets 2006-7 relative to
    overall unemployment of 5
  • Equal numbers of men and women various types of
    practice
  • Median male earnings 100,000 vs. women 70,000
  • General dissatisfaction with remuneration for
    hours worked amongst younger vets irrespective of
    gender

ABS

TJ Heath, AVJ, 2007 857281-99
Australian Bureau Stats 2007
7
University of Adelaide School of Veterinary
Sciences
  • Centre for learning for students and staff
  • Centre for research in all aspects of one
    medicine, one health
  • Community engagement veterinary profession
    through ongoing education and the general public
    for all aspects of health and animal welfare

8
Improved Service to the Rural Sector
  • Problems of retention isolation, excessive on
    call, lack of professional support, physically
    demanding nature of the work leads to injury,
    poor remuneration all lead to burn out
  • Train more graduates from rural areas? Slight
    benefit (Heath 07)
  • Support in form of regional centres to decrease
    on call demands provide professional support
    increased sophistication of services available so
    greater professional satisfaction greater
    rural practitioner retention
  • Remote consultation enhanced with novel IT options

9
How to engage rural practitioners more and
increase connectivity for the profession?
  • Enhancement of connectivity between RW campus to
    facilitate in increased rural practice engagement
    to allow development of an IT hub for Roseworthy.
    Access to SABRENET for high speed transmission.
  • Envisage RW as hub for partner practices to be
    able to stream video images and sound to and from
    RW to hard wired practices (endoscopy,
    arthroscopy images)
  • Many TAFE sites have this capability already
  • Ability to use broadband to enable real time
    rounds between distant sites and Roseworthy with
    images and sound for case based discussions,
    disease surveillance, conferencing with vets and
    or students
  • Application is for 2.5 million to enhance rural
    practice interactions unsuccessful first time
    but will keep trying

10
Safety of Food Supply Public Health
  • Production animal disease control E coli
    strains contaminating meat sources renal
    failure deaths from hamburger in the US traced to
    faecal contamination from feed lot cattle
  • Parasite control in food sources
  • Contamination of water sources for consumption or
    crop irrigation with drugs or products from
    animal sources
  • Drug residues in food products, melamine on milk
    products renal failure in infants
  • Diagnostic Laboratory services decline
  • Quarantine Services problems with EI
  • Vets should take leadership roles in policy
    development, education and governance in these
    areas
  • Need for enhanced veterinary pathology training
    to counter the decline in numbers

11
Experts in Bio-terrorism Prevention
  • Threats from infectious agents such as Anthrax,
    small pox, plague by malicious contamination or
    dissemination
  • Veterinary knowledge of epidemiology of
    infectious disease and pandemic spread should
    make vets the leaders in bio-terrorism
    prevention, investigation and management
  • Need greater pathology and diagnostic focus, one
    medicine

12
Knowledge of Emerging Diseases
  • In last 25 years, 38 new pathogens have been
    identified 75 of which have animal origin.
    BSE-related, avian influenza, HIV
  • 1400 pathogens cause human disease 800 of
    these have crossed species barriers from animals
  • Wild sources Hanta virus - rats, Hendra virus
    bats to horses, Lyssavirus - bats, West Nile
    virus - birds
  • Transmissible tumours facial tumours in
    Tassie devils and parallels with transmissible
    venereal tumours in dogs
  • Vets as the experts in the management of public
    health through their knowledge of disease
    transmission and zoonoses

13
Advocates for Animal Welfare
  • Over population of cats and dogs in urban areas
    euthanasia of 50 of dogs and 70 of cats that
    are admitted to pounds here neuter clinic at RW
  • Early age de-sexing issues publishing in this
    area
  • Public concern about mulesing and dehorning
    Anim Sci research at RW
  • Spaying of cattle without anaesthesia results in
    about a 4 mortality (UQld) new area
  • Laboratory animal conditions and analgesia
    generally Analgesia survey underway to
    highlight needs in SA

14
Guardians of Wildlife Health
  • Cetacean research whales migrate across
    hemispheres throughout oceans, beaching problems
    opportunity for linkages world wide Chile, NZ
  • Viral diseases spread from wild populations
    Hendra virus Retroviral diseases in Koalas
    isolated populations as disease models Zoos SA
  • Farmed wild species and protection of wild
    populations salmonids and genetic contamination
    potential
  • Controlled aquaculture food and animal welfare
    protection by veterinarians fish as livestock
  • Partnering with SARDI in aquaculture

15
Vets in Medical Wildlife Health Management
  • Exposure to the commonality of the disease
    process across species one medicine, one
    health
  • Exposure to medical and biological research
    laboratories and the use of animal models for
    domestic animal, wild animal and human health
    advancement
  • Concept of teams of vets, biologists and human
    doctors in the management of many disease states
  • Integrating the vet profession into all aspects
    of health management undergraduate exposure is
    essential to make these linkages increased job
    satisfaction access to greater range of
    professional opportunities

16
Companion Animal Health
  • Pet ownership enhances human health
  • Reduction in blood pressure by physical contact
  • Increased physical activity decreases obesity
    walking , running, riding
  • Community engagement walking involves meeting
    people urban dog parks have become dating
    opportunities
  • Companionship for frail or housebound
  • Assistance dogs hearing, guide dogs, cancer
    sniffers

 
17
Vets and Companion Animal Health
  • One medicine , one health human animal bond,
    teaching an understanding of the importance of
    pets in society for human health
  • Greater emphasis on preventive medicine within
    the entire curriculum wellness concept for
    disease prevention rather than the fire engine
    approach
  • Emphasis on professional communications about
    companion animal euthanasia and grieving to
    decrease veterinary stress in new graduates
  • Greater understanding of animals with jobs and
    their specific health needs, behavioural training

18
Provision of Sophisticated Services more
uniformly to the public
  • Vet graduates need job satisfaction long-term
  • Universities as leaders in introduction of new
    technologies, continuing education
  • Need for regional centres of excellence?
  • New technologies are expensive so should be
    shared
  • Multi-person practices in rural areas to enhance
    career longevity of rural practitioners
  • Greater connectivity with Vet School for CE and
    life long learning

19
Differentiation in Safety of Food Supply,
Bio-terrorism, Emerging Diseases
  • Ensure that the curriculum is strong in the
    areas of public health, zoonosis control,
    epidemic pandemic management and pathology
  • Develop government agency based rotations and
    medical laboratory exposure for the students to
    engender enthusiasm about this type of career
    path
  • Enthusiastic role models elective rotations
    practical exposure to build the concept of one
    medicine, one health

20
Animal Models of Human Disease
  • Veterinarians as the experts in animal models of
    human disease
  • Orthopaedic models cartilage resurfacing is led
    by the equine field at present, biomaterials
    research total hips, fracture repair models
  • Small animal models pocket pets are also
    laboratory animals. Distinct lack of vets as
    experts in laboratory research facilities
  • Cancer models osteosarcoma in dogs is an
    excellent model for the human disease Colorado
    State
  • Medical models Type II diabetes in cats and
    ponies
  • Dental models implants and bone grafts
  • Cardiomyopathy in cats

21
Ovine osseous integration model
Sheep bone plug model
bone
coating
metal
22
Training to be a vet at U of A
  • 6 years 3 year BSc Pre-Vet, then 3 years
    clinical post graduate programme
  • Animal husbandry experience in holidays in
    Pre-Vet years and practice experience in the
    postgraduate programme
  • Subjects studied animal related sciences just
    like Medicine-anatomy, physiology, histology,
    pathology, infectious disease, including domestic
    animals, exotics, wildlife and fish
  • Anaesthesia, medicine, surgery, clinical
    professional practice communications,
    diagnostics, research methods
  • Integrated curriculum horizontally and
    vertically
  • Horizontal i.e. anatomy not and physiology but
    rather form and function including embryology and
    histology
  • Vertical get clinically-based material in the
    preclinical yrs to highlight relevance of
    pre-clinical sciences
  • Final year is an intern year with lots of
    practical work
  • Graduate with Day 1 competencies better developed

23
Bachelor of Science (Pre-Veterinary)
Y E A R 1
Y E A R 2
SEMESTER 3 (12 Weeks)
SEMESTER 4 (12 Weeks)
E X A M I N A T I O N S
UNDERPINNING VETERINARY SCIENCES
E X A M I N A T I O N S
UNDERPINNING VETERINARY SCIENCES
Animal Structure Function Musculoskeletal
System Skin,Hoof Horn Animal
breeding and genetics Scientific Basis of Vet
Practice
Animal Structure and Function Gastrointestinal
System Reproductive/Urinary Systems Animal
nutrition and metabolism Scientific Basis of Vet
Practice
ILAS
ILAS
PROF AND PRACTICAL VET COMPETENCIES Communication
clinical skills Practice visits
PROF AND PRACTICAL VET COMPETENCIES Communication
clinical skills Practice visits
Personal Development
Personal Development
24
Y E A R 3
SEMESTER 6 (12 Weeks)
SEMESTER 5 (12 Weeks)
E X A M I N A T I O N S
UNDERPINNING VETERINARY SCIENCES
E X A M I N A T I O N S
UNDERPINNING VETERINARY SCIENCES
Animal Structure Function
Cardiorespiratory system Endocrine system
Veterinary pathobiology Scientific Basis of Vet
Practice
Animal Structure and Function Neurological system
Haem/Lymphoreticular systems Veterinary
pathobiology Scientific Basis of Vet Practice
ILAS
ILAS
PROF AND PRACTICAL VET COMPETENCIES Communication
clinical skills Practice visits
PROF AND PRACTICAL VET COMPETENCIES Communication
clinical skills Practice visits
Personal Development
Personal Development
Postgraduate programme will be similarly
structured for years 4 and 5 with year 6 an
internship year.
25
Student Cohort
  • 50 students from 2008 cohort 75 women, 50
    rural background, all Commonwealth places, 30 are
    resident at RW campus
  • 58 students in 2009 cohort 85 women, 55
    Commonwealth and 3 International students
  • In 2009 there were 398 applicants for the 55
    places, TER 95, GPA 5.7 for tertiary transfer
  • By 2013, approx 420 students complete cohort

26
Vet School Staff Growing Fast
  • Physiology Hired started Jan 2009
  • Anatomy Hired started Nov 2008
  • Curriculum Development External consultants -
    Dr Emma Rowe and Prof David Newble
  • School Manager, Sarah Hocking and Instructional
    Designer, Frederic Chew started Jan, Feb 09, Di
    Barton and Lynette Kelly, APO and research
    finance
  • Epidemiology / Public Health Professor Michael
    Reichel Started March 09
  • Pathology Contract underway
  • Equine Surgery negotiations ongoing
  • Ruminant Health negotiations ongoing
  • Aquaculture interviewing now
  • Anatomy, Microbiology, Immunology, Parasitology,
    Virology, Intensive production advertised
    currently, closing May 1.09

27
Roseworthy Campus Adelaide Hills
28
Sod Turning 27 March 2009
29
Site Plan Roseworthy Campus
30
Veterinary School Building
31
Public and teaching parts
Entrance to the student e-learning centre and labs
32
Vet Teaching Hospital Entrance
33
Equipping the school
  • Teaching laboratories specialized equipment for
    handling large animals and pathology teaching,
    gantries and chillers, hydraulic tables for post
    mortem examination
  • Skills suite teaching surgery and anaesthesia
    requires surgery lights, tables, anaesthetic
    machines, surgery kits, drapes, gowns, radiology
    teaching both in hospital and ambulatory

34
Equipping the school.
  • VT Hospital Diagnostic services radiology,
    ultrasound, arthroscopy, laparoscopy gear,
    clinical pathology suite, multi-headed
    microscopes for teaching
  • Treatment services dentistry services, full
    operating suite, autoclaves, sterile equipment
    preparation, consulting rooms with ophthalmology
    gear, audiovisual suites, wards for various
    species, connectivity to tutorial spaces,
    computerized record keeping for training,
    intensive care and treatment rooms..

35
Partnership Model
  • Roseworthy will have teaching, research labs,
    pathology suite and labs, CE centre, ambulatory
    service and small animal teaching hospital,
    extensive video-linkage
  • Pathology with commercial labs service
  • Partners at Morphettville track referral equine
    hospital and ambulatory service, PM suite and
    student accommodation, local equine partners
  • Partners cattle practices in SE region of the
    state for dairy as no dairy locally due to
    climate
  • Purchase or partner? for cattle training

36
University of Adelaide School of Veterinary
Sciences
  • Centre for learning for undergraduate, graduate
    and higher degree students and staff
  • Centre for research in all aspects of one
    medicine, one health
  • Community engagement veterinary profession and
    public through continuing education,
    communication and research for all aspects of
    health and animal welfare

37
Thank you. Questions?
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