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The Philippines Environmental Impact Assessment System

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The Philippines' Environmental Impact Assessment System ... actions to respond to issues emerging from the implementation of DAO 96-37. A two-era history: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Philippines Environmental Impact Assessment System


1
The Philippines Environmental Impact Assessment
System
  • Notes on its History, Current Issues, and
    Prospects
  • Ben S. Malayang III

2
HistoryTechnical Innovations Substrated
byShifting Political Fundamentals
  • 1977 PD 1151 Phil Envl Policy
  • Required sponsors of all government and private
    projects affecting the quality of the environment
    to prepare an assessment of the projects
    environmental impacts
  • 1977 PD 1152 Phil Envt Code
  • Required all land use management regulating or
    enforcing agencies to consider significant
    environmental impacts, as well as other aspects
    of locating industries.

3
  • 1978 PD 1586 Phil EIA System
  • Centralized the EIS System under the (then)
    National Environmental Protection Council (NEPC),
    and authorized the President and the NEPC to
    proclaim projects and activities subject to the
    EIS system placed PAB (created by PD 984) under
    NEPC
  • 1979 IRR-PD 1586
  • Defined the parameters for EIS established
    penalty structures for non-compliance created
    the EIA review committee set the procedures for
    implementing the EIS system provided for
    exempt-ions, established procedures for public
    hearings related to an EIS.

4
  • 1981 PP 2146 ECAs and ECPs
  • Proclaimed certain areas and types of projects
    as environmentally critical (ECAs ECPs) and
    within the scope of the EIS system
  • 1983 NEPC Office Circular No. 3
  • Provided a technical definition and scope for
    environmentally critical projects and areas
  • 1984 Revision of IRR-PD 1586 (1st Change)
  • Limited the EIS to ECPs set the requirements
    for ECAs established fee structures compliance
    monitoring system called for closure of ECPs
    operating without ECC authorized the NEPC to
    cancel an ECC for grantees violations of
    conditions or other standards rules and
    regulations

5
  • 1987 EO 192 DENR Reorganization
  • Established the central regional structure of
    DENR, including EMB abolished the NEPC
    transfered its powers functions to EMB PAB
    placed under the administrative jurisdiction of
    DENR
  • 1992 DENR DAO 21 Amending IRR-PD1586
  • (2nd Change)
  • Decentralized certain EIA functions to DENR
    regional offices defined the need for public
    hearings established the concept of
    multi-sectoral monitoring team and Environmental
    Guarantee Fund
  • 1991-92 RA 7160 IRR Local Govt Code
  • Transferred certain environmental functions to
    LGUs and provided for the position of ENROs in
    provinces, cities and municipalities

6
  • 1992 DENR DAO 30 Amending IRR-PD1586
  • (3rd Change)
  • Assigned to LGUs the functions of issuing ECCs
    and adjudicating cases involving envl complaints
    against small projects and businesses (i.e.,
    Kalakalan 20)
  • 1996 DENR DAO 37
  • Set the operational details on implementing the
    EIS system
  • 1997 DAO 16 Programmatic EIA
  • Limited application only 3 attempts (Limay,
    PHIVEDEC, Agusan)

7
  • 2002 EO 42
  • Set the legal basis for DENRs administrative
    and technical actions to respond to issues
    emerging from the implementation of DAO 96-37
  • A two-era history
  • Era of development and political centralization
    (Marcos years), and
  • Era of expansion and political pluralization
    (post-Marcos years)

8
Current IssuesNavigating in a Sea of
ConfusingDevelopment Policy
  • Planning or regulatory instrument?

Regulatory
Planning
9
  • Tool for envl protection or for supporting
    economic interests? Tool for inhibiting or
    facilitating instrument of sustainable
    development?

Env Protection
Economic Interests
10
  • Stress on science, or on social cultural
    sensitivity capture?

Stress on Science
Stress on social cultural sensitivity capture
11
  • A conflict-resolving or conflict-promoting
    process?

Different Resource Regimes
RESOURCES
Single
Multiple
USES
Single
Multiple
Single
Multiple
USERS
Home Gardens
Logging Mining
Ranches Haciendas
Single
Home Lots
Foreshores Watersheds Uplands
Multiple
Communal Springs
PAs
Roads
12
ProspectsSearching for Relevance in a Future of
Integrated National Development Interests
  • Mitigation of environmental impacts, or
    Rationalization of Resource Mgt Uses?
  • Mitigation stress on post-RM decisions
  • Rationalization stress on pre-RM decisions

13
  • Intensify widen impact assessment, or shift the
    paradigm of assessment?
  • Intensification stress on scoping methods
  • Paradigm shift stress on purpose objectives
  • More EIA, or shift to Sustainable Development
    Impact Assessment (SDIA)?
  • SDIA puts a stress on determining best land
    or resource uses provides a tool for
    transparency accountability in environmental
    and resource governance
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